Evaluate the Effectiveness and Cost of Stress Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) for Non-invasive Evaluation of Lesions Discovered on Computed Tomography Angiography (CCTA) (DSTAT)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00538460
Recruitment Status : Terminated (Lack of staff and funding.)
First Posted : October 2, 2007
Last Update Posted : March 1, 2010
Information provided by:
William Beaumont Hospitals

October 1, 2007
October 2, 2007
March 1, 2010
September 2007
April 2009   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
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Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00538460 on Archive Site
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Evaluate the Effectiveness and Cost of Stress Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) for Non-invasive Evaluation of Lesions Discovered on Computed Tomography Angiography (CCTA)
Dual-Source CT and STress Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Assessment in the Triage of Patients With Suspected Acute Coronary Syndromes (D-STAT)
This study is designed to evaluate the effectiveness and measurable cost impact of stress cardiac MRI for non-invasive evaluation of intermediate lesions discovered on CCTA in low-to-intermediate risk patients admitted to the ED with suspected ACS. Our primary objective is to determine if the strategy of CTA + stress CMR will reduce the length of time in the ED required to establish a definitive diagnosis, compared to CTA + stress MPI.

Non-invasive evaluation of coronary anatomy via multi-slice computed tomography with coronary CT angiography (CCTA) has been shown to provide rapid and accurate non-invasive coronary angiography. Although CCTA can be rapidly and safely performed and despite improving our ability to image coronary arteries in this noninvasive fashion, the limitation of CCTA is lack of physiological information in intermediate lesions, i.e., if a patient has a blockage of 40-60% on CCTA in an artery, it is not possible to know if this is what causes symptoms in a patient. This limitation is currently being overcome by stress testing, commonly with perfusion imaging (nuclear stress test). However, disadvantages of nuclear stress testing include long testing times (usually > 4 hours) and use of radiation. Patients with intermediate/uninterpretable lesions on CCTA will be randomized to MPI or MRI.

The endpoints of the study are:

Primary outcome variables:

1. Length of ED stay until definitive diagnosis (time from ED triage until definitive diagnosis).

Secondary outcome variables will include:

  1. Cost of care of an early diagnostic strategy utilizing stress CMR vs. standard care (costs incurred during index hospitalization and 30 day follow up period) in patients with intermediate lesions of CTA.
  2. Accuracy of CTA + stress CMR in prediction of occurrence of major adverse cardiac events (MACE) during a 3 month follow-up period, compared to the standard care (CTA + stress/rest MPI): cardiac death, acute myocardial infarction, need for coronary artery revascularization, need for admission or treatment for documented CAD.
Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
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Non-Probability Sample
Volunteers over 18 years of age; both genders
Coronary Disease
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*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
April 2009
April 2009   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Patients with chest pain or other symptoms suggestive of acute cardiac ischemia.
  2. Low risk TIMI risk score (ie. ≤3)
  3. Able to provide informed consent
  4. Age equal to or greater than 18 years.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Electrocardiographic evidence of ischemia, including acute STEMI (ST elevation equal to or greater than 1mm in two or more leads), ST segment depression and/or T wave inversion (not known to be old), or attending physician clinical decision for immediate invasive evaluation.
  2. Positive cardiac biomarkers (troponin, myoglobin, and/or creatinine phosphokinase MB fraction).
  3. Presence of pre-existing CAD (prior myocardial infarction, prior angiographic evidence of significant CAD, prior coronary bypass surgery) or cardiomyopathy (ejection fraction < 45%)
  4. Renal insufficiency (creatinine ≥1.6) or renal failure requiring dialysis.
  5. Atrial fibrillation or other markedly irregular rhythm.
  6. Inability or refusal to provide informed consent.
  7. Psychological unsuitability or extreme claustrophobia.
  8. Pregnancy or unknown pregnancy status.
  9. Age less than 18 years.
  10. Clinical instability as deemed by the attending physician; including cardiogenic shock, hypotension (systolic blood pressure < 90 mmHg), refractory hypertension (systolic blood pressure > 180 mmHg), sustained ventricular or atrial arrhythmia requiring intravenous medications.
  11. Patients with known allergy to iodine or shellfish.
  12. Inability to tolerate beta blockers, including those with COPD or asthma requiring maintenance inhaled bronchodilators or steroids, complete heart block, second-degree atrioventricular block.
  13. Computed tomography imaging, or contrast administration, within the past 48 hours.
  14. Use of Viagra or Cialis in the past 24 hours.
  15. Patients with known allergy to gadolinium, x-ray dye, Persantine
  16. Extreme claustrophobia.
  17. Patients with metal implants that prevent MRI scanning
  18. Patients with a body weight > 400 lbs
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
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Kavitha Chinnaiyan, MD, William Beaumont Hospital-Royal Oak, MI
William Beaumont Hospitals
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Principal Investigator: Kavitha Chinnaiyan, MD William Beaumont Hospitals
Study Director: Gilbert Raff, MD William Beaumont Hospitals
William Beaumont Hospitals
February 2010