HIV - Monotherapy in Switzerland (MOST-ch) (MOST)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00531986
Recruitment Status : Terminated (Unexpectedely high rates of treatment-failure)
First Posted : September 19, 2007
Last Update Posted : July 18, 2018
Swiss National Science Foundation
Swiss HIV Cohort Study
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
pietro vernazza, Cantonal Hospital of St. Gallen

September 18, 2007
September 19, 2007
July 18, 2018
January 2007
September 2008   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Failure in CNS [ Time Frame: Week 48 ]
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Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00531986 on Archive Site
Predictors of failure [ Time Frame: week 48 ]
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HIV - Monotherapy in Switzerland (MOST-ch)
HIV- Monotherapy in Switzerland (MOST- ch)

The investigators plan to conduct a two arm study, to compare failure rates in the central nervous system (CNS) and genital compartment in virologically fully suppressed patients continuing a highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) versus patients switching to ritonavir boosted lopinavir (Kaletra®) HIV-monotherapy. The study is composed of two phases of 48 weeks duration.

In addition, neuropsychological tests (Color trial test A 1 and 2; Grooved pegboard; EWIA Digit Symbol form) and evaluation of side effects will be performed.

In the first phase (phase A), ritonavir-boosted lopinavir (Kaletra®) will be compared with continued HAART. In the second year (phase B) patients on conventional HAART are also offered LPV/r monotherapy to extend the longterm experience of this new strategy.

Only patients willing to give a genital secretion and a spinal fluid sample will be included. All patients must be on a fully suppressive HAART with at least 2 consecutive values of HIV-RNA at the screening visit . After performance of lumbar puncture at baseline, patients will be randomized to continued HAART or LPV/r monotherapy. During the first year of randomized treatment patients will be followed at week 6/ 12 /18 /24 /32 /40 and 48. Lumbar puncture and genital secretion sampling will be repeated at week 48.

Follow up during the second phase (B: W48-96) of the study will be identical to phase A including genital and spinal sampling at week 96. After study termination at week 96, patients may opt to continue monotherapy if results of HIV-RNA in blood and CSF support this decision.

The primary endpoint of the study will be treatment failure in the compartment (CSF and / or genital tract). Since the variability of HIV-RNA determination in CSF and genital secretions is not very well known, a one log increase above the baseline value will be considered as treatment failure in the respective compartment. Only patients who had a complete viral suppression in blood will be considered for compartment evaluation. Patients treated in the monotherapy arm with a CSF HIV-RNA value at week 48 more than 1.0 log10 cp/ml above baseline (= compartment failure) will be switched to a conventional combination treatment. HIV-RNA testing in the genital samples will be performed batchwise at the end of the study.

In addition, patients with a blood treatment failure (two consecutive HIV-RNA detections > 400cp/ml) will be considered as full treatment failures and switched to a rescue regimen at the discretion of the treating physician. For the analysis, these patients will be considered as systemic treatment failure and will not be entered in the analysis of compartmentalized treatment failure. If the rescue strategy was only intensification of adherence and results in full blood viral load re-suppression, the patient will still be maintained in the study and compartment evaluations can be performed at w48 and/or 96, respectively.

The secondary aim of the study is the definition of prognostic markers for compartment failures. Potential risk factors associated with mono-maintenance failure are HIV-DNA load at time of treatment simplification, HIV-RNA at the time of first treatment initiation, duration of HIV-RNA suppression before simplification, history of HIV-RNA blips, presence of detectable HIV-RNA in spinal fluid at the time of treatment simplification, changes of level of c-reactive protein (high sensitive methodology, hsCRP) from baseline as a marker of immune-activation during the maintenance therapy.

If funding allows, we will test for the presence of resistant viruses and compare the presence of genetic polymorphism at baseline. We will also measure parameters of immunoactivation (hsCRP, CD8+, CD38+).

The study is financed by the Swiss National Science Foundation and the Swiss HIV Cohort Study.

Phase 4
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
HIV Infections
  • Drug: Lopinavir-Monotherapy
    Patients on triple HAART will be switched to LPV/r-monotherapy
    Other Name: Kaletra
  • Drug: HAART
    Patients will continued their current HAART
    Other Name: Any ART
  • Experimental: Monotherapy
    Ritonavir-boosted lopinavir (Kaletra®) will be used as monotherapy
    Intervention: Drug: Lopinavir-Monotherapy
  • Active Comparator: Continued ART
    Continuation Therapy, conventional triple HAART
    Intervention: Drug: HAART
Gutmann C, Cusini A, Günthard HF, Fux C, Hirschel B, Decosterd LA, Cavassini M, Yerly S, Vernazza PL; Swiss HIV Cohort Study (SHCS). Randomized controlled study demonstrating failure of LPV/r monotherapy in HIV: the role of compartment and CD4-nadir. AIDS. 2010 Sep 24;24(15):2347-54. doi: 10.1097/QAD.0b013e32833db9a1.

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
December 2008
September 2008   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Age > 18 years.
  • HIV seropositive.
  • HAART (> 6 months) with at least 3 months successfully suppressed HIV- RNA (two most recent RNA measurements < 50 cp/ml). HAART is defined as either:

    • 1 PI plus 2 NRTIs,
    • 1 NNRTI plus 2 NRTIs, or
    • 3 NRTIs.
  • HIV-RNA in plasma < 50 cp/ml at screening.
  • Stable antiretroviral therapy (unchanged drug combination) during the last four weeks.
  • If not currently on a LPV/ r based therapy, willing to switch to LPV/ r bid therapy in case patient is randomized to the monotherapy arm
  • Signed written informed consent.
  • Highly motivated patients able to understand the investigational nature of this open observational study and willing to participate in additional procedures.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Other investigational substance or substances active against HIV.
  • Previous history of adverse events with the drugs under investigation.
  • Previous history of any virological treatment failure (does not include deliberate treatment interruption) or documented resistance against the drugs under investigation (LPV/r).
  • Patient who has no effective alternative treatment options in case the study treatment fails (according to the physician's judgment).
  • Pregnancy (negative pregnancy test for women of childbearing potential at screening).
  • Active AIDS-defining disease necessitating antibiotic or chemotherapy at the time of screening.
  • Chronic hepatitis B.
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
SHCS-Projekt Nr.: 490
SHCS 490
Not Provided
Not Provided
pietro vernazza, Cantonal Hospital of St. Gallen
Cantonal Hospital of St. Gallen
  • Swiss National Science Foundation
  • Swiss HIV Cohort Study
Principal Investigator: Pietro Vernazza, Professor Swiss HIV Cohort Study
Cantonal Hospital of St. Gallen
July 2018

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP