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Bexarotene, Tretinoin, and Combination Chemotherapy in Treating Patients With Stage III or Stage IV Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00514293
Recruitment Status : Unknown
Verified August 2008 by National Cancer Institute (NCI).
Recruitment status was:  Recruiting
First Posted : August 9, 2007
Last Update Posted : January 10, 2014
Information provided by:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE August 8, 2007
First Posted Date  ICMJE August 9, 2007
Last Update Posted Date January 10, 2014
Study Start Date  ICMJE January 2007
Estimated Primary Completion Date December 2011   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: August 8, 2007)
  • Response rate as measured by RECIST criteria
  • Time to progression
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Change History Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00514293 on Archive Site
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: August 8, 2007)
  • Survival
  • Patient-reported symptoms and side effects
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE Bexarotene, Tretinoin, and Combination Chemotherapy in Treating Patients With Stage III or Stage IV Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer
Official Title  ICMJE Phase II Trial of Bexarotene (Targretin) Capsules With Tretinoin and Chemotherapy in Patients With Advanced Non-small-cell Lung Cancer
Brief Summary

RATIONALE: Bexarotene and tretinoin may cause tumor cells to look more like normal cells, and to grow and spread more slowly. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as cisplatin, carboplatin, docetaxel, and capecitabine, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Giving bexarotene and tretinoin together with combination chemotherapy may kill more tumor cells.

PURPOSE: This phase II trial is studying the side effects and how well giving bexarotene together with tretinoin and combination chemotherapy works in treating patients with stage III or stage IV non-small cell lung cancer.

Detailed Description



  • Evaluate the efficacy of bexarotene at a dose of 375 mg daily for 4 days with tretinoin also for the same 3 days with chemotherapy in patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer.
  • Evaluate the safety and tolerability of this drug combination.

OUTLINE: Patients will receive oral bexarotene 375 mg once daily and oral tretinoin 50 mg twice daily on days 1-3. Patients also receive combination chemotherapy comprising cisplatin or carboplatin with docetaxel and capecitabine orally or intravenously on days 1-3. Treatment repeats every 14 days for up to 12 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients will be followed every 4 weeks.

Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 2
Study Design  ICMJE Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE Lung Cancer
Intervention  ICMJE
  • Drug: bexarotene
  • Drug: capecitabine
  • Drug: carboplatin
  • Drug: cisplatin
  • Drug: docetaxel
  • Drug: tretinoin
Study Arms  ICMJE Not Provided
Publications * Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Unknown status
Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: August 8, 2007)
Original Enrollment  ICMJE Same as current
Study Completion Date  ICMJE Not Provided
Estimated Primary Completion Date December 2011   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE


  • Histologically or cytologically confirmed non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC)

    • Stage IIIB disease with a malignant pleural effusion
    • Stage IV disease
  • Chemotherapy-naive disease
  • Brain metastases allowed provided patients have completed radiation treatment with no actively progressing brain metastases


Inclusion criteria:

  • ECOG performance status 0-2
  • Absence of hepatic dysfunction that is characterized by the following:

    • AST/ALT > 3 times upper limit of normal (ULN) (unless due to liver metastases)
    • Bilirubin > 3 times ULN (unless due to liver metastases)
  • ANC ≥ 1,500/mm^3
  • Platelets ≥ 100,000/mm^3
  • Negative pregnancy test prior to the initiation of treatment
  • Female and male patients of childbearing potential must agree to sexual abstinence for at least 4 weeks prior to study OR practice 2 reliable forms of effective contraception simultaneously (strongly recommended that one of the two forms of contraception be non-hormonal) at least 4 weeks prior to, during the entire study treatment, and for at least 1 month after treatment is discontinued
  • Male patients with female sexual partners who are pregnant, possibly pregnant, or who could become pregnant during the study must agree to use condoms during sexual intercourse during the entire study treatment and for at least 1 month after the last dose of bexarotene
  • Must be willing and able to give informed consent, comply with study instructions, and commit to all study visits

Exclusion criteria:

  • Pregnancy, intent to become pregnant, or breast-feeding
  • Significant concurrent or intercurrent illness
  • Risk factor for pancreatitis (e.g., uncontrolled hyperlipidemia, excessive alcohol consumption, uncontrolled diabetes mellitus, biliary tract disease)
  • Untreated hypothyroidism
  • Active second malignancy with the exception of carcinoma in situ, early-stage prostate cancer, and squamous or basal cell carcinoma of skin
  • Unwillingness or inability to minimize exposure to sunlight and artificial ultraviolet light while receiving bexarotene
  • Known contraindication (according to product labeling) to Lipitor^® (or another selected lipid lowering agent) or levothyroxine
  • Known hypersensitivity to bexarotene or other component of bexarotene


Inclusion criteria

  • Tyrosine kinase inhibitor therapy such as erlotinib hydrochloride is allowed for up to 3 months prior to initiation of this regimen provided the disease is unresponsive to such treatment
  • Concurrent radiation therapy administered for symptom relief
  • Also see Disease Characteristics

Exclusion criteria

  • Prior therapy, except radiation to the brain for palliation, as long as a measurable lesion is still present
  • Prior use of bexarotene
  • Prior systemic anticancer therapy (e.g., immunotherapy, chemotherapy, or biologic modifier therapy)
  • Medication known to increase triglyceride levels or associated with pancreatic toxicity
  • Systemic vitamin A in doses exceeding 15,000 IU/day within 14 days prior to initiating study therapy
  • Concurrent gemfibrozil (Lopid^®)
  • Concurrent anticancer therapy of any kind other than that mandated by the protocol
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE United States
Removed Location Countries  
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT00514293
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE CDR0000561066
Has Data Monitoring Committee Not Provided
U.S. FDA-regulated Product Not Provided
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE Not Provided
Responsible Party Raghu Nandan, R. Nandan M.D. Incorporated
Study Sponsor  ICMJE Raghu Nandan, M.D., Inc
Collaborators  ICMJE Not Provided
Investigators  ICMJE
Study Chair: Raghu Nandan, MD Raghu Nandan, M.D., Inc
PRS Account National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Verification Date August 2008

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP