Chicken-Diet vs. Enalapril to Reduce Albuminuria

This study has been completed.
Information provided by:
Hospital de Clinicas de Porto Alegre Identifier:
First received: June 6, 2007
Last updated: June 7, 2007
Last verified: June 2007

June 6, 2007
June 7, 2007
January 2003
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  • urinary albumin excretion [ Time Frame: during study ]
  • serum lipids [ Time Frame: during study ]
  • nutritional status [ Time Frame: during study ]
Same as current
No Changes Posted
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Chicken-Diet vs. Enalapril to Reduce Albuminuria
Effect of Chicken-Based Diet Versus Enalapril on Albuminuria in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes and Microalbuminuria: a One-Year Randomized Controlled Study
Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is a chronic diabetic complication and affects up to 40% of patients. The first line treatment for DN is angiotensin blockers drugs that are used to reduce the protein concentration in urine.Previous data showed that this protein, namely albuminuria, could also be reduced in a short term-period by the replacement of red meat in the diet with chicken. The aim of this study is to compare the effects of this chicken diet with enalapril on albuminuria in a long-term period( 12 months)in type 2 diabetic patients.
Replacement of red meat in the diet with chicken reduces urinary albumin excretion rate (UAER) and improves lipid profile in type 2 diabetic patients with micro- and macroalbuminuria in short term studies. The aim of this study was to compare the long-term effect of a chicken-based diet (CD) versus enalapril treatment on renal function and lipid profile in microalbuminuric type 2 diabetic patients. In this 12-month controlled clinical trial 28 patients were randomized to an experimental diet (CD plus active placebo) or enalapril treatment (enalapril 10 mg/day plus patient’s usual diet). UAER (immunoturbidimetry), blood pressure levels, anthropometric indices, and compliance with the diet were evaluated monthly. Glomerular filtration rate (51Cr-EDTA), lipid, glycemic, and nutritional indices were measured at baseline, and quarterly. UAER was reduced after CD [n=13; 62.8 (38.4-125.1) to 49.1 (6.2-146.5) mcg/min; P<0.001] and after enalapril treatment [n=15; 55.8 (22.6-194.3) to 23.1 (4.0-104.9) mcg/min; P<0.001]. The reduction of UAER was already significant at 4th month, and there was no difference between the UAER reduction after CD [32% (95% CI: 6.7-57.6) and after enalapril treatment [44.7% (95% CI: 28.3-61.1); P=0.366]. In conclusion, CD and the ACE inhibitor enalapril promoted similar UAER reduction in patients with type 2 diabetes and microalbuminuria. A chicken-based diet might represent an additional therapeutic approach to management of diabetic nephropathy.
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Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
  • Microalbuminuria
  • Diabetic Nephropathy
  • Drug: enalapril
  • Procedure: chicken diet
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*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
June 2006
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Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (according to World Health Organization criteria) attending the Endocrine Division’s outpatient clinic at Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre, Brazil. Patients were selected according to the following criteria: age <75 years, A1c <10%, 24-hour UAER 20 mcg/min and 199 mcg/min confirmed at least twice in a 6-month period, serum triglycerides <400 mg/dl and normal liver and thyroid function tests.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients were excluded from the study if they had BMI >34 kg/m2, serum creatinine >1.5 mg/dl, repeated episodes of urinary tract infection, other renal diseases, symptomatic autonomic neuropathy, heart failure, and acute myocardial infarction, coronary artery revascularization procedures or stroke within the last 6 months.
18 Years and older
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
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Hospital de Clinicas de Porto Alegre
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Principal Investigator: Jorge L Gross, MD Hospital de Clinicas de Porto Alegre
Hospital de Clinicas de Porto Alegre
June 2007

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP