Benign Reproductive Tissue Analysis for Endometrial Cancer Markers
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00481754|
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : June 4, 2007
Last Update Posted : October 19, 2017
|First Submitted Date||June 1, 2007|
|First Posted Date||June 4, 2007|
|Last Update Posted Date||October 19, 2017|
|Study Start Date||March 2, 2006|
|Primary Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Current Primary Outcome Measures||Not Provided|
|Original Primary Outcome Measures||Not Provided|
|Change History||Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00481754 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site|
|Current Secondary Outcome Measures||Not Provided|
|Original Secondary Outcome Measures||Not Provided|
|Current Other Outcome Measures||Not Provided|
|Original Other Outcome Measures||Not Provided|
|Brief Title||Benign Reproductive Tissue Analysis for Endometrial Cancer Markers|
|Official Title||Benign Reproductive Tissue Evaluation (BRTE) Study|
-To see if women who are undergoing hysterectomy are willing to provide blood and tissue samples to help doctors identify markers that would indicate increased risk for developing endometrial cancer.
-Women between 35 and 54 years of age who will undergo hysterectomy for a non-cancerous condition, such as uterine fibroids, uterine prolapse, abnormal uterine bleeding, and others at Magee-Women's Hospital in Pittsburgh, Penn.
Our hypothesis is that silent molecular lesions, defined as molecular alterations
detectable in histologically normal endometrial, ovarian, and tubal tissues, represent markers of cancer risk. Incessant ovulation represents one of the most widely-recognized models to explain the pathogenesis of ovarian cancer, with women who have had a high number of lifetime ovulatory menstrual cycles being at increased cancer risk because of repeated ovulation-related injury to, and repair of, ovarian surface epithelium (OSE). This extremely delicate single layer of cells exfoliates easily on handling, with the majority of cells typically being lost in routine handling, when collected post-operatively. Furthermore, the identification of early stage ovarian cancer is uncommon, and the vast majority of ovarian cancers are not associated with recognizable precursors. The lack of effective techniques for collecting and studying OSE in the laboratory represents a major barrier to molecular studies designed to uncover the etiology and early pathogenesis of ovarian cancer. This proposal will develop a collection method for OSE, and demonstrate its utility for various molecular analyses. Recent evidence suggests that a subset of ovarian cancers may originate in the fallopian tubes. Therefore, we will pilot the collection of cells from the fallopian tubes. If successful, the collection of OSE and fallopian tube cells will provide the basis for larger studies aimed at identifying early molecular events in ovarian carcinogenesis.
In this pilot, we will collect endometrial and ovarian tissues (that would otherwise have been discarded without histopathologic examination) from 125 hysterectomy and/or unilateral or bilateral oophorectomy specimens obtained from women ages 18 and older who were operated on for benign indications. As an amendment to this active protocol, we propose demonstrating the feasibility of obtaining intra-operative cytobrushings of ovarian surface epithelial cells on 50 women to be accrued onto the study, which will include women having hysterectomy (or unilateral oophorectomy) alone without removal of the ovaries at the time of surgery. Furthermore, we will extend the collection to cells from the fallopian tubes in 120 women for a total population of 295, also enrolling women with ovarian cancer.
We will administer a questionnaire assessing endometrial and ovarian cancer risk factors and gynecologic history; obtain blood and urine; and obtain carefully-mapped frozen and fixed endometrial and ovarian tissues. We will immunostain endometrial tissues to assess the presence, number, location, and size of foci containing PTEN-null glands, which represents a validated surrogate of mutations in the PTEN tumor suppressor gene. This pilot will demonstrate the feasibility of executing this complex protocol; determine the number and spacing of sections required to accurately and efficiently assess the PTEN status of the endometrium; and provide data for developing power estimates needed to propose a full-scale study with a sufficient number of subjects to test our hypothesis that PTEN abnormalities account for a substantial proportion of the risk associated with recognized epidemiologic endometrial cancer risk factors. It will assess the feasibility of performing molecular analyses on ovarian surface epithelial cells and tubal cells collected intra-operatively, and correlating molecular findings with known ovarian cancer risk factors. If successful, this will provide the basis for larger studies aimed at identifying early molecular events in
ovarian carcinogenesis, particularly in the setting of women at increased genetic
risk of ovarian cancer. The pilot itself will also provide an extremely valuable
repository for future biomarker pilot studies.
|Study Design||Observational Model: Case-Only
Time Perspective: Cross-Sectional
|Target Follow-Up Duration||Not Provided|
|Sampling Method||Not Provided|
|Study Population||Not Provided|
|Study Groups/Cohorts||Not Provided|
* Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
|Original Enrollment||Not Provided|
|Study Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Primary Completion Date||Not Provided|
Evidence on gross examination of the surgically removed uterus that there is a carcinoma invading the myometrium; however, post-operative diagnosis of early endometrial carcinoma will not be a cause for post-hoc exclusion after specimen and data collection. We will exclude women with a previous gynecologic or gastrointestinal cancer. At the discretion of the surgeon, we will exclude women with cancer in whom the study procedures may interfere with clinical management (e.g. staging of the cancer). We will exclude women who had neo-adjuvant chemotherapy and women who underwent chemoprevention of ovarian or breast cancer. We will also exclude women currently wearing an intrauterine device.
|Ages||18 Years to 54 Years (Adult)|
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers||No|
|Listed Location Countries||United States|
|Removed Location Countries|
|Other Study ID Numbers||999906109
|Has Data Monitoring Committee||Not Provided|
|U.S. FDA-regulated Product||Not Provided|
|IPD Sharing Statement||Not Provided|
|Responsible Party||National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Cancer Institute (NCI) )|
|Study Sponsor||National Cancer Institute (NCI)|
|PRS Account||National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)|
|Verification Date||July 25, 2017|