Treatment of Cutaneous Leishmaniasis With Meglumine Antimoniate Versus Meglumine Antimoniate and Allopurinol

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00480883
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : May 31, 2007
Last Update Posted : June 2, 2010
Information provided by:
Combined Military Hospital, Pakistan

May 29, 2007
May 31, 2007
June 2, 2010
January 2008
June 2008   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
clinical healing of lesions. [ Time Frame: 3 months ]
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Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00480883 on Archive Site
improvement of more than 50% in lesion size [ Time Frame: 3 months ]
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Treatment of Cutaneous Leishmaniasis With Meglumine Antimoniate Versus Meglumine Antimoniate and Allopurinol
Treatment of Cutaneous Leishmaniasis With Meglumine Antimoniate 20 Mg/Kg/Day Versus Meglumine Antimoniate 10 Mg/Kg/Day And Tablet Allopurinol 20 Mg/Kg/Day

Background: Cutaneous Leishmaniasis is a worldwide disease, endemic in over 88 countries, that has shown an increasing incidence over the last many decades. For the last 60 years antimony compounds are considered the treatment of choice. Though their use is expensive, cumbersome, has many adverse effects and not effective in all patients, the search for a better alternative is still going on. Low dose antimony compounds in combination with several agents have shown promise of reducing adverse effects of antimony compounds without compromising efficacy. Allopurinol is one such agent which though promising lacks randomized, controlled trials to prove efficacy. The main objective of this study is to evaluate low dose sodium stibogluconate in combination with allopurinol and to compare it with high dose sodium stibogluconate in terms of efficacy and adverse effects.

Methods and design: A multi-center randomized, controlled trial including 620 patients from endemic areas for Leishmaniasis in Pakistan will be undertaken to assess the research question. Parasitologically confirmed cutaneous leishmaniasis will be included in the study. After evaluating the inclusion/exclusion criteria patients will be randomized to receive either meglumine antimoniate (20 mg/kg/day/intramuscular, till clinical resolution or a maximum of 28 days) or combination of meglumine antimoniate (10 mg/kg/day intramuscular) and allopurinol (20 mg/kg/day/oral) till clinical resolution or a maximum of 28 days. During treatment patients will be admitted to hospital and monitored daily for the presence of adverse effects. Follow up period will last six months during which patients will visits the research centers for assessment of healing process at monthly intervals.

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Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Leishmaniasis, Cutaneous
  • Drug: meglumine antimoniate, allopurinol
    first drug in injectable, second is in tablet form.
  • Drug: meglumine antimoniate
    injectable 20 mg/kg/day/intramuscular for 21 days.
  • Drug: meglumine antimoniate, allopurinol
    injectable meglumine antimoniate 10 mg/kg/day/intramuscular for 21 days plus tablet allopurinol 300mg/4times a day for 21 days.
  • Active Comparator: 1
    injection meglumine antimoniate 20 mg/kg/day/intramuscular for 21 days.
    Intervention: Drug: meglumine antimoniate
  • Experimental: 2
    injection meglumine antimoniate 10 mg/kg/day/intramuscular plus tablet allopurinol 1200 mg/day/6hourly divided doses.
    • Drug: meglumine antimoniate, allopurinol
    • Drug: meglumine antimoniate, allopurinol
Momeni AZ, Reiszadae MR, Aminjavaheri M. Treatment of cutaneous leishmaniasis with a combination of allopurinol and low-dose meglumine antimoniate. Int J Dermatol. 2002 Jul;41(7):441-3.

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
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December 2008
June 2008   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Men and women between 18 and 50 years old.
  • Cutaneous ulcers, nodules, plaques, of more than two weeks of evolution requiring systemic therapy.
  • Positive parasitological diagnosis for cutaneous leishmaniasis.
  • Patients that voluntarily accept to participate in the study and sign the informed consent.
  • Disposition to be admitted to hospital, if necessary, and to attend all the visits punctually (initial, treatment and follow up).
  • Acceptation of not using any other treatment for cutaneous leishmaniasis while in the study.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Pregnant women.
  • Presence of any condition or disease that compromises the patient immunologically (i.e. diabetes, cancer, etc.) or, any other, that, based on the judgment of the researcher, could alter the course of cutaneous leishmaniasis.
  • Diffuse cutaneous leishmaniasis.
  • Visceral leishmaniasis.
  • Complete or incomplete treatment with antimony compounds in the last three months.
  • Patients with history of hepatic, renal, or cardiovascular disease.
  • Mentally or neurologically disabled patients that are considered not fit to approve their participation in the study.
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
18 Years to 50 Years   (Adult)
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
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Combined Military Hospital, Pakistan
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Principal Investigator: AMER EJAZ, FCPS Combined Military Hospital, Pakistan
Combined Military Hospital, Pakistan
May 2008

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP