Ribavirin/Pegasys Treatment of Recurrent Hepatitis C After Liver Transplant

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00466219
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : April 27, 2007
Last Update Posted : April 27, 2007
Information provided by:
University Hospital, Geneva

April 25, 2007
April 27, 2007
April 27, 2007
May 2002
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  • Biochemical (normalization of serum transaminases levels),
  • virological (disappearance of HCV RNA from serum)
  • and histological (amelioration of the histological signs of hepatitis) response.
Same as current
No Changes Posted
Correlation of the above outcome measures with early on-treatment HCV RNA dynamics (if applicable).
Same as current
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Ribavirin/Pegasys Treatment of Recurrent Hepatitis C After Liver Transplant
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The aim of the study is to assess whether patients with recurrent hepatitis C after liver transplantation will benefit from a treatment with ribavirin/PEG-IFN-alpha combined treatment for 48 weeks.

The aim of the study is to assess whether patients fulfilling the criteria as defined in section 3 will benefit from a treatment with ribavirin/PEG-a-IFN combined treatment. This study will be open to all patients with histologically documented hepatitis C recurring after LT, provided that all inclusion and exclusion criteria, as defined below, are met, and irrespectively of the pattern of response to a previous antiviral treatment (if any).

The benefit will be assessed in terms of biochemical (normalization of serum transaminases levels), virological (disappearance of HCV RNA from serum) and histological (amelioration of the histological signs of hepatitis) response. The presence of a sustained virological response, as defined below in section 6, will also be studied in relation to the early kinetics of serum HCV RNA, in keeping with recent data obtained in chronic hepatitis C patients, which suggest that an early rapid decrease of HCV viremia is associated with a durable response.

Phase 3
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Hepatitis C
  • Drug: Ribavirin
  • Drug: Pegylated interferon alpha2a
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*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
Same as current
December 2006
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Inclusion Criteria:

  • 18 to 65 year old patients, male or female, having undergone a LT for end-stage liver disease due to HCV
  • patients presenting after LT with recurrent HCV infection, documented by presence of HCV RNA in serum, and recurrent hepatitis, diagnosed at histology; the liver biopsy upon which the diagnosis is established must have been performed within the 12 months prior to inclusion; the treatment cannot start within the 6 months following LT
  • alpha fetoprotein value within normal limits obtained within 3 months before entry visit
  • stable immunosuppressive regimen, defined as lack of any therapeutic measures aimed at preventing or treating graft rejection during the three months prior to antiviral therapy

Exclusion Criteria:

  • participation in other clinical trial within 30 days of entry into this protocol
  • patients retransplanted for rejection or for recurrent hepatitis C on the graft
  • patients with a history of cardiovascular disease including but not limited to uncontrolled hypertension, angina pectoris, myocardial infarction, coronary artery surgery and congestive heart failure are excluded
  • presence of HBsAg and/or HIV
  • history of auto-immune disease, including auto-immune hepatitis
  • alcohol consumption exceeding 40 grams per day
  • acute rejection episode within the 3 months prior to inclusion, or current histological features possibly related to underlying rejection
  • hepatocellular carcinoma
  • unresolved biliary complication
  • renal insufficiency (serum creatinine levels above 200 micromol/l)
  • unconjugated bilirubin blood level > 100 micromol/l
  • gammaglutamyl transferase > 20 times the upper limit of normal range
  • prothrombin time below 60% of control (except in case of oral anti-coagulant therapy)
  • neutrophil count less than 1,500/mm3
  • platelet count less than 90,000/mm3
  • hemoglobin below the lower limit of normal of the testing laboratory
  • other organ or bone marrow transplantation
  • current neoplasm and/or anti-tumor chemotherapy
  • current hepatic arterial thrombosis
  • pregnant or breast feeding women; child bearing potential women without adequate contraception throughout the course of therapy
  • psychosis or anti-depressant therapy for uncontrolled clinical depression
  • clinically significant retinal abnormalities
  • thyroid dysfunction (abnormal TSH value with or without clinical symptoms)
  • immunosuppressive therapy with OKT3 or any other anti-lymphocyte serum
  • drug abuse (heroin, cocaine) or substitution therapy during the 12 months prior to inclusion
  • history of ischemic cardiopathy
  • interstitial pneumonitis
  • previous auto-immune hemolysis and all causes of chronic hemolysis
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
18 Years to 65 Years   (Adult)
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
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University Hospital, Geneva
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Principal Investigator: Francesco Negro, MD University Hospital, Geneva
University Hospital, Geneva
April 2007

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP