Study of Strengthening Exercises and Improving Movement for Painful Shoulders in Adults With Spinal Cord Injury

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00461474
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : April 18, 2007
Last Update Posted : April 19, 2007
Physical Therapy Clinical Research Network
Information provided by:
University of Southern California

April 16, 2007
April 18, 2007
April 19, 2007
March 2004
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shoulder pain as measured by Wheelchair Users Shoulder Pain Index (WUSPI)
Same as current
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00461474 on Archive Site
  • General shoulder pain measured by a visual analog scale (VAS)from the McGill Short Form Pain Questionnaire
  • Shoulder torque with a hand held dynamometer
  • Subject's activity level with the Physical Activity Scale for Individuals with Physical Disabilities (PASIPD)
  • Community involvement with the Community Activities Checklist (CAC)
  • Quality of life with the SF-36 Health Related Quality of Life questionnaire
  • Quality of life with the Subjective Quality of Life Scale (SQOL)
  • Wheelchair propulsion
Same as current
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Study of Strengthening Exercises and Improving Movement for Painful Shoulders in Adults With Spinal Cord Injury
Strengthening and Optimal Movements for Painful Shoulders in Chronic Spinal Cord Injury (STOMPS)
The purpose of this study is to conduct research to see if we can help people who have a spinal cord injury and shoulder pain to decrease the pain in the shoulders. We are investigating the effectiveness of a home exercise program for the shoulders and changes in how tasks are performed compared to an educational program on shoulder pain. There are no new experimental procedures included in this study; instead it is a comparison of two types of treatment that have been provided for this problem before. The new part of this study is the collecting of information before and after treatment. We hypothesize that those who participate in this home exercise program will have decrease shoulder pain and increase activity.
Adults who sustain a spinal cord injury (SCI) now have the potential to lead active, productive lives with near normal life expectancy. Recent studies have demonstrated that many people with SCI develop health and functional problems at earlier ages than their non-disabled peers, with symptoms often occurring between the mid-30's and the mid-50's. These symptoms and impairments include: pain, musculoskeletal problems, declining energy, loss of strength and new functional limitations. These are examples of the challenges people may face as they reach mid-life with a SCI. A prevalent impairment in the long-term SCI population is upper extremity pain. Both the incidence and severity of pain increase with longer duration of SCI. The impact of shoulder pain on function and independence after SCI can be significant and detrimental. Development of shoulder pain in the SCI population has been associated with the increased weight-bearing demand placed on the upper extremities for mobility, muscle imbalances in the shoulder girdle, poor postural alignment from trunk paralysis and the need to function from a seated position. The efficacy of specific interventions has not been fully investigated. Treatment effectiveness must be determined using measures that include the pain impairment (severity), the disability or functional limitation associated with pain, and the participation or handicap limitations associated with pain. The goal is to develop a program that has standardized resistance, requires little equipment, is simple to conduct and minimizes the time commitment required of the patient. The effect of the combined intervention on shoulder pain and function will be assessed with a randomized clinical trial comparing the intervention to an attention control group receiving generalized information regarding shoulder joint anatomy and pain management. Secondary goals of this study are to identify the critical muscle groups for which strength changes are associated with shoulder pain reduction and to determine the impact of the intervention on physical activity, health related quality of life and overall subjective quality of life.
Phase 1
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Shoulder Pain
  • Behavioral: Shoulder strengthening exercises
  • Behavioral: Movement Optimization
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*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
Same as current
March 2006
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Inclusion Criteria:

  • post-pubescent (age 14 or older) onset of paraplegia,
  • at least 5 years duration with spinal cord injury, current age between 19 and 75,
  • unilateral or bilateral shoulder pain that interferes with at least one functional task (e.g. transfers, wheelchair propulsion),
  • subjects who propel a manual wheelchair >50% normalized velocity and ability to understand the informed consent.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • hospitalization within the last month
  • a cortisone injection to the shoulder within the last 4 months,
  • a fracture within the last year,
  • shoulder surgery to the painful side within the last year,
  • a diagnosis of complete rotator cuff tear, rheumatoid arthritis, adhesive capsulitis at the shoulder or complex regional pain syndrome (also known as reflex sympathetic dystrophy),
  • any serious medical conditions, major depression, alcohol abuse, or being unlikely to complete the 12-weeks of treatment.
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
19 Years to 75 Years   (Adult, Senior)
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
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University of Southern California
Physical Therapy Clinical Research Network
Principal Investigator: Bryan Kemp, Ph.D Rancho Los Amigos National Rehabilitation Center
Principal Investigator: Carolee J. Winstein, Ph.D., PT University of Southern California
Principal Investigator: Sara Mulroy, Ph.D., PT Rancho Los Amigos National Rehabilitation Center
University of Southern California
April 2007

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP