Comparison of Two Schedules of Zoledronic Acid in Treating Patients With Breast Cancer That Has Spread to the Bone

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00458796
Recruitment Status : Unknown
Verified November 2007 by National Cancer Institute (NCI).
Recruitment status was:  Recruiting
First Posted : April 11, 2007
Last Update Posted : August 26, 2013
Information provided by:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)

April 9, 2007
April 11, 2007
August 26, 2013
March 2006
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  • Fractures
  • Radiotherapy to bone either for relief of pain or to treat or prevent pathological fractures or spinal cord compression
  • Hypercalcemia of malignancy
  • Orthopedic surgery to prevent or treat pathological fractures or spinal cord compression
  • Spinal cord compression
Same as current
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00458796 on Archive Site
  • Quality of life as measured by QLQ-C30 and the QLQ-BR23 breast-specific module
  • Clinical burden of skeletal complications
  • Pain, performance status, and analgesic use
  • Incidence of new bone metastases
  • Overall survival
  • Bisphosphonate use and expenditure on administration
  • Health care utilization
  • Clinical utility of the "point of care" test for N-telopeptides (NTx) excretion
Same as current
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Comparison of Two Schedules of Zoledronic Acid in Treating Patients With Breast Cancer That Has Spread to the Bone
Cost-Effective Use of Bisphosphonates in Metastatic Bone Disease - A Comparison of Bone Marker Directed Zoledronic Acid Therapy to a Standard Schedule

RATIONALE: Zoledronic acid may help decrease the risk of broken bones, bone pain, and other symptoms caused by bone metastases. It may also help patients live more comfortably.

PURPOSE: This randomized clinical trial is studying different schedules of zoledronic acid to compare how well they work in treating patients with breast cancer that has spread to the bone.



  • Compare the frequency and timing of serious related events (e.g., fractures, radiotherapy to bone, hypercalcemia of malignancy, orthopedic surgery, and spinal cord compression) in patients with advanced breast cancer metastatic to the bone treated with bone marker-directed schedule vs standard schedule zoledronic acid.


  • Compare the quality of life of patients treated with these regimens.
  • Compare the clinical burden of skeletal complications in these patients.
  • Compare pain, performance status, and analgesic use (PPA score) in these patients.
  • Compare the incidence of new bone metastases in these patients.
  • Compare overall survival of these patients.
  • Compare bisphosphonate use and expenditure on administration in these patients.

OUTLINE: This is an open-label, randomized, controlled, parallel-group, multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to treatment center, gender, type of concurrent systemic therapy at study entry (endocrine therapy [with or without trastuzumab (Herceptin^®)] vs chemotherapy [with or without trastuzumab] vs trastuzumab alone vs chemotherapy and endocrine therapy [with or without trastuzumab] vs no systemic anticancer treatment), prior skeletal-related event (yes vs no), duration of bisphosphonate use for metastatic disease prior to study entry (4-6 months vs 6-12 months), type of metastases present at study entry (bone only vs bone and soft tissue vs bone and visceral metastases vs bone, soft tissue, and visceral metastases). Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.

  • Arm I (standard schedule): Patients receive zoledronic acid IV over 15 minutes once every 3-4 weeks for 24 months.
  • Arm II (bone marker-directed schedule): Patients receive zoledronic acid IV over 15 minutes once every 3-4, 8-9, or 15-16 weeks (based on serum N-telopeptide:creatinine ratio) for 24 months.

Quality of life is assessed at baseline and at 3, 6, 9, 12, 18, and 24 months.

After completion of study therapy, patients are followed periodically for up to 3 years.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 1,500 patients will be accrued for this study.

Not Applicable
Allocation: Randomized
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
  • Breast Cancer
  • Hypercalcemia of Malignancy
  • Metastatic Cancer
  • Musculoskeletal Complications
  • Pain
  • Drug: zoledronic acid
  • Procedure: quality-of-life assessment
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*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
Unknown status
Same as current
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  • Histologically confirmed primary breast cancer

    • Advanced disease
  • Radiographic confirmation of bone metastases (≥ 1 bone scan lesion must be confirmed as metastatic by plain radiographs or CT scan/MRI)

    • Must have received zoledronic acid to treat metastatic bone disease (i.e., ≥ 4 or 5 zoledronic acid treatments prior to study entry for patients receiving 4- or 3-weekly infusions, respectively) for ≥ 4 months prior to study entry
    • Any bisphosphonate to treat metastatic bone disease allowed provided it was not given for more than 12 months prior to study entry
  • No metabolic bone disease (e.g., Paget's disease of bone)

    • Osteoporosis allowed
  • No brain metastases
  • Hormone receptor status not specified


  • Male or female
  • Menopausal status not specified
  • WHO or ECOG performance status 0-2
  • Life expectancy ≥ 6 months
  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception
  • AST and ALT ≤ 3 times upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • Bilirubin ≤ 1.5 times ULN
  • Creatinine clearance ≥ 30 mL/min
  • No poor venous access
  • No concurrent active dental problems, including infection of the teeth or jawbone (maxilla or mandibular)
  • No prior or current diagnosis of osteonecrosis of the jaw
  • No other cancer within the past 5 years except nonmelanomatous skin cancer, carcinoma in situ of the uterine cervix, or superficial bladder cancer treated with curative intent


  • See Disease Characteristics
  • No other prior bisphosphonate treatment within the past 3 weeks
  • No treatment with systemic bone-seeking radioisotopes (e.g., strontium chloride Sr 89, samarium Sm 153 lexidronam pentasodium) within the past 3 months
  • No wide-field (hemibody) radiotherapy within the past 3 months

    • Recent standard-field, localized radiotherapy allowed
  • No dental or jaw surgery (e.g., extractions, implants) within the past 4 weeks
  • No other concurrent bisphosphonates
  • No concurrent medication with drugs known to affect bone metabolism (e.g., calcitonin or high-dose systemic corticosteroids [> 10 mg prednisolone/day or equivalent])

    • Systemic or oral corticosteroids allowed for clearly indicated conditions (e.g., chemotherapy-induced emesis, brain metastases, compression syndromes)
  • Concurrent chemotherapy, biological therapy, or endocrine therapy allowed
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United Kingdom
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University of Leeds
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Study Chair: Robert E. Coleman, MD, FRCP Cancer Research Centre at Weston Park Hospital
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
November 2007

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP