Telephone Intervention to Increase Safety in Abused Women

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00457522
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : April 6, 2007
Last Update Posted : January 18, 2018
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Johns Hopkins University

April 5, 2007
April 6, 2007
January 18, 2018
April 2006
Not Provided
  • Number of safety promotion behaviors at initiation and completion of intervention
  • Number of community resources accessed at initiation and completion of intervention
Same as current
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00457522 on Archive Site
  • Stage of readiness for change at initiaion and completion of intervention
  • Severity of pain, fatigue, depressive and PTSD symptoms at initiation and completion of intervention
Same as current
Not Provided
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Telephone Intervention to Increase Safety in Abused Women
Phone Intervention to Increase Safety in Abused Women: Pilot

Although abuse by an intimate partner is very common and has serious negative effects on women's health, few studies have been done to test ways to increase safety for women in abusive relationships. This study will test a telephone intervention for women who report physical, emotional, and/or sexual abuse within the past 12 months, to see if

  • women use more safety behaviors and access more community resources
  • chronic pain, fatigue, depressive, and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms affect a women's ability to use safety behaviors and access community resources.
Women who experience intimate partner violence (IPV) are at increased risk for serious long term negative health sequelae, injury, and death. Compared to non-abused women, intimately abused women suffer significantly greater prevalence of depression and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), as well as a host of nonspecific physical symptoms including chronic pain and fatigue (Campbell, 2002; Golding, 1999; Asmundson, Coons, Taylor, & Katz, 2002; Ehlert, Gaab, & Heinrichs, 2001; Green, Baker, Sato, Washington, & Smith, 2003; Woods, 2004). These increased negative health problems contribute to a greater prevalence of IPV among primary care patients, with current (past year) IPV rates of 15 - 28%, compared to 1.5% to 3% in epidemiologic surveys (Bauer, Rodruguez, Perez-Stable, 2000; Coker, et al., 2000; Collins, et al.,1998; Kramer, Lorenzon, Mueller, 2004; Richardson, et al., 2002; Tjaden & Thoennes, 2000). In spite of this high prevalence and serious negative health sequelae, a recent review of interventions for IPV concluded that there is a serious lack of evidence-based approaches in the primary care setting. No studies were identified that examined the effect of physical and mental health symptoms on the ability to access resources or to increase safety promoting behaviors. This intervention pilot study will speak to this gap in the research. Utilizing a randomized controlled clinical trial design, we will follow women who screen positive for current (past year) IPV at a primary care clinic in Baltimore, MD. Women in the control group will receive usual care consisting of a list of community resources for IPV. Women in the a nurse-managed/community health worker intervention group will receive usual care augmented by an individualized counseling session followed by a series of 6 telephone calls over 10 weeks. A woman's stage of readiness for change as well as symptoms of pain, fatigue, depression, and PTSD will be evaluated as barriers to resource access and safety behavior initiation.
Not Applicable
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Intimate Partner Violence
Behavioral: Nurse/community health worker telephone intervention
Not Provided
Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
Same as current
December 2006
Not Provided

Inclusion Criteria:

  • female
  • 18 years of age or older
  • speaks English
  • reports physical, emotional, and/or sexual abuse by an intimate partner within past 12 months

Exclusion Criteria:

  • non-English speaking
  • currently pregnant
Sexes Eligible for Study: Female
18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
P30NR008995 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
Not Provided
Not Provided
Not Provided
Johns Hopkins University
Johns Hopkins University
Not Provided
Principal Investigator: Anne B Woods, PhD, CNM Johns Hopkins University School of Nursing
Johns Hopkins University
January 2018

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP