Working…
COVID-19 is an emerging, rapidly evolving situation.
Get the latest public health information from CDC: https://www.coronavirus.gov.

Get the latest research information from NIH: https://www.nih.gov/coronavirus.
ClinicalTrials.gov
ClinicalTrials.gov Menu

Total Antioxidant Effects of Esomeprazole in Dyspeptic Patients Receiving Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00443963
Recruitment Status : Terminated (The Principal Investigator is no longer affiliated with the Study Site.)
First Posted : March 7, 2007
Last Update Posted : December 21, 2007
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
AstraZeneca
Information provided by:
Medstar Health Research Institute

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE March 6, 2007
First Posted Date  ICMJE March 7, 2007
Last Update Posted Date December 21, 2007
Study Start Date  ICMJE December 2006
Primary Completion Date Not Provided
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: March 6, 2007)
gastric levels of total antioxidant capacity and gastric lipid peroxide levels on Day 22
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Change History
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Not Provided
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Not Provided
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE Total Antioxidant Effects of Esomeprazole in Dyspeptic Patients Receiving Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs
Official Title  ICMJE Effects of Esomeprazole Magnesium on Gastric Free Radical Production and Total Antioxidant Capacity in Dyspeptic Patients Receiving Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs
Brief Summary We hypothesize that patients receiving NSAID drugs with dyspeptic symptoms have increased production of gastric levels of free radicals. The primary objective of the study is to determine if Esomeprazole Magnesium increases gastric total antioxidant capacity and decreases gastric free radical production in humans. Patients (age 18 years and older) with no history of upper GI bleeding who are receiving non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and then develop dyspepsia will be recruited from our primary care clinic in Washington, DC. All eligible individuals will undergo biopsies of antrum and corpus. The subjects will be randomized to receive either Zantac OTC or Nexium for 15 days. On day 15, all patients will undergo repeat upper endoscopy to obtain biopsies of antrum and corpus. Tissue samples will then be extracted to determine total antioxidant capacity and lipid peroxide levels (as an indirect marker of free radical production).
Detailed Description

An extensive meta-analysis has confirmed that dyspeptic symptoms are common in individuals using non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) (1). Both esomeprazole 20 mg daily and esomeprazole 40 mg daily have been shown to be more effective than placebo for the control of upper gastrointestinal symptoms in patients receiving NSAIDs (2).

The mechanisms by which H, K-ATPase inhibitors protect against NSAID gastropathy remain unclear, although it is known that their use is more clinically effective than the use of the H2-receptor antagonist, ranitidine (3).

The biochemical basis for NSAID gastropathy is not fully understood (6). One potential mechanism for the development of gastric damage in individuals receiving NSAIDs is oxidative stress related to depletion of gastric antioxidants. A recent endoscopic study in patients supports the hypothesis that NSAID use associated with gastric bleeding decreases gastric mucosal glutathione levels (7), a major cellular micronutrient antioxidant produced by mammalian cells. We have been working on the possibility that activation of afferent nerve fibers by oxidative stress can induce abdominal discomfort during the use of NSAIDs. This notion is supported by animal studies that have shown that oxidants evoke neurotransmitter release from enteric neurons (8). This experimental result suggests that abnormal tissue levels of oxygen-derived free radicals (oxidative stress) could directly activate afferent enteric nerves or could alter gastric motility via a neuronal mechanism.

The hypothesis of this present proposal is that patients receiving NSAID drugs with dyspeptic symptoms have increased production of gastric levels of free radicals. The primary aims of this study are to examine gastric free radical production and total antioxidant capacity in patients who are taking NSAID drugs and have dyspeptic symptoms. Gastric free radical production and total antioxidant capacity will be measured before and after receiving either 15 days of daily esomeprazole magnesium or ranitidine.

Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 4
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE Dyspepsia
Intervention  ICMJE Drug: Esomeprazole Magnesium
Study Arms  ICMJE Not Provided
Publications *

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Terminated
Estimated Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: March 6, 2007)
20
Original Enrollment  ICMJE Same as current
Actual Study Completion Date  ICMJE December 2007
Primary Completion Date Not Provided
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients who are capable of providing informed consent, ages 18 years old and older. Patients will be eligible who are taking non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs on a daily basis and present with at least a 1 week history of dyspeptic symptoms including epigastric or upper abdominal discomfort or pain.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients presenting with only a complaint of heartburn will be excluded. Patients with alarm symptoms of vomiting, evidence of bleeding, inadvertent weight loss, or dysphagia will be excluded. Patients will be excluded if they have had upper endoscopy within 6 months prior to randomization. At the initial visit all individuals will have a Helicobacter pylori IgG serology drawn; all individuals with a positive serology will be excluded. This study will not enroll patients with a previous history of myocardial infarction, cerebrovascular infarction, gastric or duodenal ulcer disease, or carcinoma. The study will not enroll patients who have received a H, K-ATPase inhibitor within the past 2 weeks. At the initial upper endoscopy, all patients with esophageal ulcer, esophageal cancer, gastric ulcer, gastric cancer, and duodenal ulcer will be excluded.
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE United States
Removed Location Countries  
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT00443963
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE IRUSESOM0391
Has Data Monitoring Committee No
U.S. FDA-regulated Product Not Provided
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE Not Provided
Responsible Party Not Provided
Study Sponsor  ICMJE Medstar Health Research Institute
Collaborators  ICMJE AstraZeneca
Investigators  ICMJE
Principal Investigator: Timothy R Koch, MD Washington Hospital Center
PRS Account Medstar Health Research Institute
Verification Date December 2007

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP