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Brief Alcohol Intervention in General Hospitals

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00423904
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : January 18, 2007
Last Update Posted : January 18, 2007
German Federal Ministry of Education and Research
Information provided by:
University Medicine Greifswald

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE January 17, 2007
First Posted Date  ICMJE January 18, 2007
Last Update Posted Date January 18, 2007
Study Start Date  ICMJE October 2001
Primary Completion Date Not Provided
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: January 17, 2007)
  • Reduced alcohol consumption
  • Increased alcohol-specific help-seeking
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Change History No Changes Posted
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: January 17, 2007)
  • Increased readiness to change drinking behaviour
  • Increased well-being
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE Brief Alcohol Intervention in General Hospitals
Official Title  ICMJE Implementing Early Intervention for Alcohol Use Disorders in the General Hospital
Brief Summary The purpose of the study is to reveal the most promising procedure for implementing alcohol screening and intervention in general hospitals and to find out, if and to which extent non-specialist health professionals can be qualified to carry out motivational intervention on their own or if there is a need for a specialized counseling services. In a randomized controlled trial, patients recruited in general hospitals and fulfilling criteria for alcohol dependence, alcohol abuse, at-risk drinking or heavy episodic drinking will be allocated to three conditions: (1) Intervention by a liaison service (LC): Counselling based on the Transtheoretical Model of behaviour change (TTM) which will be provided by staff of the study (psychologists/ social worker) trained in Motivational Interviewing (MI), (2) Intervention by hospital physicians (PC): Counselling will be provided by hospital physicians trained in MI, and (3) Control group (CC): Treatment as usual, assessment only. Outcome assessment will be conducted after 12 months and includes abstinent point prevalence rates, drinks per day, help-seeking, stage progress and cost-effectiveness analysis.
Detailed Description Background: High prevalence rates (10 - 25 %) and a promising setting for proactive intervention strategies make the general hospital a first choice setting for secondary prevention of alcohol-related disorders. Efficient screening instruments have been developed for early detection. With regard to the severity of alcohol problem (e.g. alcohol dependence vs. heavy episodic drinking) and the motivation to change, the target group is very heterogeneous. Although there are counseling strategies that take into account this heterogeneity, there is still a lack of implementation and poor knowledge about different implementation strategies in routine care. Objectives: To evaluate the effectiveness of a proactive secondary preventive intervention based on the TTM and on MI in a representative sample of general hospital patients carried out by a liaison service versus non-specialist physicians trained in counseling techniques by staff of the study. Methods: A sample of 1,479 alcohol at-risk-drinking, alcohol abusing or alcohol dependent patients from four general hospitals detected by screening questionnaires will be assigned to (1) a group counseled by an addiction liaison service, (2) a group counseled by the physicians of the ward, and (3) to an assessment-only condition with treatment as usual. Outcome will be measured one year later and will include abstinence point prevalence rates, stage progress, help seeking, and cost-effectiveness analysis. Expected impact: The project will yield new scientific knowledge on how to implement early intervention for alcohol at-risk-drinking and alcohol use disorders in the general hospital. Results of the study shall be transferred to nationwide practice guideline proposals. The study will contribute to the improvement of the health care system as well as the education of medical students. The study is designed to reveal empirical evidence for proactive TTM-based interventions for individuals suffering from a prevalent substance use disorder.
Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 2
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Factorial Assignment
Masking: Single
Primary Purpose: Educational/Counseling/Training
Condition  ICMJE
  • Alcohol Dependence
  • Alcohol Abuse
  • At-Risk-Drinking
  • Heavy Episodic Drinking
Intervention  ICMJE Behavioral: Brief intervention
Study Arms  ICMJE Not Provided
Publications *

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Completed
Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: January 17, 2007)
Original Enrollment  ICMJE Same as current
Study Completion Date  ICMJE August 2005
Primary Completion Date Not Provided
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Alcohol dependence
  • Alcohol abuse
  • At-risk drinking
  • Heavy episodic drinking

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Persons physically and mentally not capable of participating in study
  • Persons with a hospital stay of less than 24 hours
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 18 Years to 64 Years   (Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE Not Provided
Contacts  ICMJE Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE Not Provided
Removed Location Countries  
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT00423904
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE E1_P1
Has Data Monitoring Committee Not Provided
U.S. FDA-regulated Product Not Provided
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE Not Provided
Responsible Party Not Provided
Study Sponsor  ICMJE University Medicine Greifswald
Collaborators  ICMJE German Federal Ministry of Education and Research
Investigators  ICMJE
Principal Investigator: Jennis Freyer-Adam, Dr University Medicine Greifswald
Principal Investigator: Ulfert Hapke, Dr University of Applied Sciences Muenster
Study Director: Ulrich John, Prof Dr University Medicine Greifswald
PRS Account University Medicine Greifswald
Verification Date January 2007

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP