Efficacy Study of T Cell Vaccination in HIV Infection

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00407836
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : December 5, 2006
Last Update Posted : December 2, 2009
Information provided by:
Soroka University Medical Center

December 3, 2006
December 5, 2006
December 2, 2009
November 2006
November 2008   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
  • CD4 T cell levels [ Time Frame: one year follow up ]
  • HIV plasma viral load [ Time Frame: one year follow up ]
  • Clinical HIV infection [ Time Frame: one year follow up ]
  • CD4 T cell levels
  • HIV plasma viral load
  • Clinical HIV infection
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00407836 on Archive Site
  • HIV specific immune responses [ Time Frame: One year follow up ]
  • CD4 specific responses [ Time Frame: One year follow up ]
  • Immune profile [ Time Frame: One year follow up ]
  • HIV specific immune responses
  • CD4 specific responses
  • Immune profile
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Efficacy Study of T Cell Vaccination in HIV Infection
Phase II Study of Efficacy, Tolerability and Safety of CD4-Specific T-cell Vaccine in HIV Infection
The hallmark of HIV infection and AIDS is the continuous attrition of CD4 T cells. One of the mechanisms that may account for the CD4 attrition , is autoimmunity against the CD4 T cells, caused by autologous immune cells. Vaccination against autoimmune reactive T cells has been successfully tried in animal models of autoimmune diseases and is now being tried in patients with Multiple Sclerosis. The purpose of the present study is to test this hypothesis in HIV infection. We will vaccinate HIV infected patients in whom specific autoimmune reactivity against CD4 is present , with their own CD4 reactive T cells. Following that, we shall study the patients and find out if the T cell vaccination caused a rise in CD4 T cell levels, and whether it influenced HIV viral load, as well as HIV and CD4 specific immunity.
The study will be based on forty HIV infected patients, receiving anti retroviral treatment (HAART), with CD4 levels between 150-350 and HIV plasma viral load < 5000, for at least 12 months and despite continuous anti-retroviral treatment. The patients will be randomly divided into two groups, one that will get the T cell vaccination, and the other that will serve as controls. The T cell vaccine will be prepared from autologous T cells that responded by specific proliferation to recombinant CD4, further expanded in vitro by IL-2, and then fixed by glutaraldehyde. Each vaccine portion will consist of 10,000 such cells suspended in saline and given subcutaneously every three months during the first year of the trial. The outcome measures will be CD4 levels, specific immunity to HIV antigens, immune activation profile and HIV plasma viral loads, determined sequentially during the 24 months of the trial. These outcome measures will be compared between the experimental and the control groups, to determine if this mode of treatment is effective in influencing CD4 levels as an additional mode of treatment during HIV infection.
Phase 2
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
HIV Infections
  • Biological: T cell vaccination
    Approximately 10-20 million glutaraldehyde fixed CD4 responsive autologous T cells in 1-2 ml, per vaccine injection.
  • Biological: T cell vaccination
    Approximately 10-20 million autologous CD4 reactive T cells per each vaccine injection
Experimental: Vaccination
One arm of open label T cell vaccination in which all participants will receive the T cell vaccine
  • Biological: T cell vaccination
  • Biological: T cell vaccination

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
Same as current
November 2008
November 2008   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. CD4 cell counts -from 150 to 450/mm3 and stable for at least 12 months, and treatment with HAART for at least 6 months.
  2. Positive cell proliferation assay to CD4 molecule
  3. Low HIV viral load (<400 - 5000 copies/ml) for at least 12 months
  4. No change of antiretroviral treatment for at least 6 months
  5. Signed informed consent

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Concomitant immunosuppressive or antineoplastic treatment as well as chronic systemic glucocorticoid therapy.
  2. Pregnancy and women without any efficacious contraception.
  3. Clinically relevant liver disease (AST and/or ALT >2,5x upper limit of normal range, or total bilirubin > 3,5 mg/dl).
  4. Serum creatinine >1,8mg/dl or creatinine clearance <30ml/min.
  5. Patients who cannot fully understand the treatment protocol or are unable to sign the informed consent.
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
18 Years to 60 Years   (Adult)
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Not Provided
Not Provided
Zvi Bentwich, M.D, Ben Gurion University of the Negev
Soroka University Medical Center
Not Provided
Study Director: Klaris Riesenberg, M.D. Soroka U Medical Center
Soroka University Medical Center
November 2006

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP