St. John's Wort for Tobacco Cessation
|First Submitted Date ICMJE||November 29, 2006|
|First Posted Date ICMJE||November 30, 2006|
|Results First Submitted Date||January 24, 2011|
|Results First Posted Date||April 18, 2011|
|Last Update Posted Date||April 19, 2011|
|Start Date ICMJE||September 2005|
|Primary Completion Date||March 2008 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
|Current Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE
||Biochemically Confirmed 7-day Point Prevalence Abstinence From Tobacco [ Time Frame: 12 weeks following start of medication ]
Point prevalence tobacco abstinence was adjudicated if the following conditions were met:(a) self-reported tobacco abstinence for the previous 7 days with a negative response to the question "Have you used any type of tobacco,even a puff, in the past 7 days?" and (b) Expired Carbon Monoxide equal or less then 8 parts per million.
|Original Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE
|Change History||Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00405912 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site|
|Current Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE
||Number of Subjects With Prolonged Abstinence From Tobacco [ Time Frame: 24 weeks after the start of medication ]
tobacco abstience during the 12-week course of SJW in two different oral doses of 300-mg three times a day or 600-mg three times a day compared to placebo at six months.
|Original Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE
||To obtain preliminary estimates of the effect of a 12-week course of SJW in two different oral doses of 300-mg three times a day or 600-mg three times a day compared to placebo on prolonged tobacco abstinence rates at six months.|
|Current Other Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Other Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Brief Title ICMJE||St. John's Wort for Tobacco Cessation|
|Official Title ICMJE||St. John's Wort for Tobacco Cessation|
After a steady decline for the last 50 years, the prevalence of tobacco use in the United States has reached a plateau of approximately 23%. Currently available treatments among adults are expensive and not efficacious for all tobacco users. New pharmacologic agents need to be developed and tested to achieve the Healthy People 2010 goal of less than a 12% adult tobacco use prevalence.
Bupropion, an FDA approved agent for tobacco cessation, acts by inhibiting central synaptosomal reuptake of dopamine and norepinephrine. A widely used herbal antidepressant, St. John's Wort (SJW), shares a similar mechanism of action and is effective for treating mild to moderate depression. SJW is well tolerated, available over the counter, and is significantly less expensive than the established treatments for tobacco dependence.
To date, no prospective clinical trial evaluating the efficacy of SJW for the treatment of tobacco use has been published. We propose to evaluate the efficacy of SJW for increasing tobacco abstinence and decreasing nicotine withdrawal symptoms in a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, three-arm, parallel group, dose-ranging clinical trial. Participants (N=120) will be randomly assigned to one of the three groups and will receive a twelve-week course of SJW 900 mg per day, 1800 mg per day, or a matching placebo.
This study is anticipated to provide the data needed to develop a larger randomized controlled clinical trial submitted through the R01 funding mechanism.
Cigarette smoking is the single most important preventable cause of morbidity, mortality and excess health care costs in the United States. The prevalence of cigarette smoking among U.S. adults has declined from 42% in 1965 to 20.9% in 2004. However, the overall decline is not occurring at a rate that will meet national health objectives by 2010. Available pharmacotherapies for the treatment of tobacco dependence are not efficacious for all tobacco users and have an overall estimated efficacy of approximately 20% for long-term tobacco cessation. Thus, novel pharmacotherapies for tobacco cessation need to be explored.
Current smokers tend to be younger with less education and belong to a lower socioeconomic status. Tobacco cessation treatments are expensive and often not covered by Medicare, Medicaid, or third party-payers. Our goal is to evaluate novel, safe, acceptable, effective, and inexpensive therapies that will increase tobacco abstinence rates.
The United States Public Health Service (USPHS) guideline recommends nicotine replacement therapy and bupropion as first-line agents for the treatment of tobacco dependence. Bupropion acts by central dopamine and norepinephrine reuptake inhibition. St. John's Wort (SJW), a widely used herbal product to treat mild to moderate depression, shares a similar mechanism of action and is available as a tobacco cessation aid in a number of over-the-counter preparations. While currently approved pharmacotherapies for tobacco dependence cost between $120-$240 per month, SJW is relatively inexpensive ($15 per month) and is well-tolerated. At present, no randomized prospective study of St. John's Wort for tobacco cessation has been published.
We plan to test the efficacy of SJW for tobacco cessation in a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, three-arm, parallel group, dose-ranging clinical trial. We will obtain preliminary data about the efficacy of two different oral doses of SJW for improving tobacco abstinence rates and decreasing symptoms of nicotine withdrawal. All subjects will receive a behavioral intervention during participation in the study. A total of 120 subjects will be recruited into the study and randomly allocated to one of the three groups (groups A, B, and C). Participants in group A will receive SJW 300-mg three times a day for twelve weeks while participants in group B will receive SJW 600-mg three times a day for twelve weeks. Participants in group C will receive a matching placebo for the same duration.
We will conduct this research through the Nicotine Research Program (NRP) at the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minnesota. We are uniquely situated for completing this research as more than 7,500 patients have been enrolled in over 75 clinical trials conducted through the NRP. We propose the following specific aims:
1. To obtain preliminary evidence of the effect of a 12-week course of SJW in two different oral doses of 300-mg three times a day or 600-mg three times a day compared to placebo on the 7-day point prevalence tobacco abstinence rates at end of treatment and six months in 120 smokers.
Hypothesis: Cigarette smokers who receive SJW in two different oral doses of 300-mg three times a day or 600-mg three times a day for 12 weeks will have higher 7-day point prevalence tobacco abstinence rates at end of treatment and six months compared to cigarette smokers receiving placebo.
1. To obtain preliminary estimates of the effect of a 12-week course of SJW in two different oral doses of 300-mg three times a day or 600-mg three times a day compared to placebo on prolonged tobacco abstinence rates at six months.
Hypothesis: Cigarette smokers who receive SJW in two different oral doses of 300-mg three times a day or 600-mg three times a day for 12-weeks will have higher prolonged tobacco abstinence rates at six months compared to cigarette smokers receiving placebo.
This study is innovative in that we are testing a novel therapeutic agent for the treatment of tobacco use. At the completion of this study, we expect to have obtained preliminary evidence regarding the effect of two different doses of SJW on symptoms of nicotine withdrawal and tobacco abstinence. We will also collect information on adverse effects of SJW in tobacco users and obtain data to plan a larger Phase III clinical trial, if the results from this trial suggest a potential for efficacy.
|Study Type ICMJE||Interventional|
|Study Phase||Phase 2|
|Study Design ICMJE||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Publications *||Sood A, Ebbert JO, Prasad K, Croghan IT, Bauer B, Schroeder DR. A randomized clinical trial of St. John's wort for smoking cessation. J Altern Complement Med. 2010 Jul;16(7):761-7. doi: 10.1089/acm.2009.0445.|
* Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
|Recruitment Status ICMJE||Completed|
|Completion Date||March 2008|
|Primary Completion Date||March 2008 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
|Eligibility Criteria ICMJE||
A total of 120 subjects will be recruited in the study. Subjects will be eligible to participate if they:
Individuals will be excluded from study participation if they:
|Ages||18 Years and older (Adult, Senior)|
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers||Yes|
|Contacts ICMJE||Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects|
|Listed Location Countries ICMJE||United States|
|Removed Location Countries|
|NCT Number ICMJE||NCT00405912|
|Other Study ID Numbers ICMJE||06-002296|
|Has Data Monitoring Committee||Not Provided|
|U.S. FDA-regulated Product||Not Provided|
|IPD Sharing Statement||Not Provided|
|Responsible Party||Amit Sood, M.D., Mayo Clinic|
|Study Sponsor ICMJE||Mayo Clinic|
|Collaborators ICMJE||National Cancer Institute (NCI)|
|PRS Account||Mayo Clinic|
|Verification Date||April 2011|
ICMJE Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP