Increasing Physical Activity as Part of a Smoking Cessation Program

This study has been completed.
Information provided by:
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) Identifier:
First received: November 22, 2006
Last updated: June 30, 2008
Last verified: June 2008

November 22, 2006
June 30, 2008
January 2003
Not Provided
Smoking status (measured immediately post-intervention and at 6- and 12-month follow-up visits)
Same as current
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00403312 on Archive Site
  • Changes in self-reported and objective physical activity
  • Body mass index
  • Percentage of body fat
  • Waist circumference (all measured immediately post-intervention and at 6- and 12-month follow-up visits)
Same as current
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Increasing Physical Activity as Part of a Smoking Cessation Program
Increasing Physical Activity to Aid Smoking Cessation
Cigarette smoking is the most common risk factor for lung cancer, and it increases the risk of developing other cancers, chronic lung disease, and heart disease. A smoking cessation program that incorporates physical activity may be beneficial in improving long-term smoking cessation rates. This study will evaluate the effectiveness of a community-based physical activity program, in combination with nicotine replacement therapy and a behavioral smoking cessation program, at improving cessation rates among sedentary smokers.

Tobacco use is the single most preventable cause of death in the United States, with cigarette smoking accounting for nearly one-third of all cancer deaths each year. While a number of inexpensive and effective smoking cessation methods exist, including the nicotine patch and nicotine gum, smoking rates have not declined in the past few years. Individuals who engage in regular exercise, in addition to participating in a smoking cessation program, are often successful at quitting smoking and reducing post-cessation weight gain. However, past studies on this topic have consisted of highly structured, supervised physical activity, which made study recruitment and long-term adherence difficult. Additionally, these studies generally have had low long-term quit rates, which may be attributed to the lack of a nicotine replacement component. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of a community-based physical activity intervention, in combination with a behavioral smoking cessation program and nicotine replacement, at increasing smoking cessation rates among sedentary adult smokers.

This 7-week study will enroll sedentary or minimally active cigarette smokers. All participants will take part in a behavioral smoking cessation program and will wear a nicotine patch. In addition, they will be randomly assigned to take part in either a community-based physical activity intervention or a wellness control group intervention. All participants will attend sixteen 60- to 90-minute face-to-face counseling sessions and twelve 20-minute telephone counseling sessions. They will also receive twelve informational mailings. Participants in the physical activity intervention will focus on increasing physical activity; the general wellness control group will receive information on general health topics. Outcome measures, including smoking status, physical activity levels, and body mass index, will be assessed at the end of the intervention and at 6- and 12-month follow-up visits.

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Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Smoking Cessation
  • Behavioral: Smoking Cessation Behavioral Program
  • Drug: Nicotine Patch
  • Behavioral: Physical Activity
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*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
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Inclusion Criteria:

  • Smokes five or more cigarettes each day in the year prior to study entry
  • Sedentary or minimally active physical activity level
  • Willing to be randomly assigned to either intervention group
  • Willing to use the nicotine patch

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Pregnant, breastfeeding, or planning to become pregnant in the year following study entry
  • Planning to move out of the area in the year following study entry
  • Blood pressure greater than 160/95 mm Hg
  • Body weight greater than 140% of ideal body weight
  • History of heart attack, stroke, unstable angina, coronary artery bypass grafting, angioplasty, or stent in the 6 months prior to study entry
  • Symptomatic peripheral artery disease
  • History of congestive heart failure (New York Heart Association [NYHA] Class III or IV)
  • Electrocardiogram (EKG) evidence of 2nd or 3rd degree atrioventricular (AV) block
  • History of a serious illness that might limit longevity (e.g., significant kidney disease, liver disease, cancer)
  • Current substance abuse
  • Current alcohol use of more than 21 drinks per week
  • Uncontrolled arrhythmia or hyperthyroidism
18 Years to 65 Years
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
381, R01 HL068569
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National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Not Provided
Principal Investigator: Kenneth D. Ward, PhD University of Memphis
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
June 2008

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP