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Trial record 41 of 67 for:    "Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia" | "Hydrocortisone"

Treatment of Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia in Children

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00400946
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : November 17, 2006
Results First Posted : June 14, 2017
Last Update Posted : November 20, 2019
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Lewis B. Silverman, M.D., Dana-Farber Cancer Institute

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE November 16, 2006
First Posted Date  ICMJE November 17, 2006
Results First Submitted Date  ICMJE January 17, 2017
Results First Posted Date  ICMJE June 14, 2017
Last Update Posted Date November 20, 2019
Study Start Date  ICMJE April 2005
Actual Primary Completion Date August 2014   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: May 19, 2017)
Asparaginase-Related Toxicity Rate [ Time Frame: 30-week post-induction asparaginase treatment period ]
Asparaginase-related toxicity rate is defined as the percentage of patients who experience allergy (all grades), symptomatic pancreatitis (grade 2 or worse), thrombotic or bleeding complications requiring intervention (grade 2 or worse) with treatment attribution of possibly, probably or definite based on CTCAEv3.
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: November 16, 2006)
Toxicity of pegasparaginase vs E. coli asparaginase
Change History Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00400946 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: May 19, 2017)
  • 5-Year Disease-Free Survival [ Time Frame: Disease evaluations occurred continuously on treatment. Suggested long-term follow-up was monthly for 6m, bi-monthly for 6m, every 4 months for 1y, semi-annually for 1y, then annually. Median follow-up in this study cohort is 6 yrs, up to 10y. ]
    Disease-free survival (DFS) in a landmark analysis is defined as the duration of time from asparaginase randomization (which occurred after patients achieved complete remission and were assigned to a final risk group) to documented relapse, death during remission or second malignant neoplasm. DFS is estimated based on the Kaplan-Meier method and 5-year DFS is the probability of patients remaining alive, relapse-free and without occurrence of second malignant neoplasm 5 years from asparaginase randomization. Disease relapse is defined as >25% lymphoblasts identified morphologically in bone marrow aspirate/biopsy, or identification of lymphoblasts in marrow (any percentage) identified to be leukemic by flow cytometry, cytogenetics, FISH, immunohistochemistry, or other tests. Appearance of leukemic cells at any extramedullary site (a single, unequivocal lymphoblast in the CSF may qualify as CNS leukemia) also qualifies if confirmed by the PI.
  • Post-Induction Nadir Serum Asparaginase Activity Level [ Time Frame: Samples for nadir serum asparaginase activity analyses were obtained before doses administered at weeks 5, 11, 17, 23 and 29 of post-induction asparaginase treatment. ]
    Nadir serum asparaginase activity (NSAA) levels were estimated based on established methods.
  • Post-Induction Therapeutic Nadir Serum Asparaginase Activity Rate [ Time Frame: Samples for nadir serum asparaginase activity analyses were obtained before doses administered at weeks 5, 11, 17, 23 and 29 of post-induction asparaginase treatment. ]
    Nadir serum asparaginase activity (NSAA) levels were estimated based on established methods. Post-Induction therapeutic NSAA rate is defined as the percentage of patients achieving a NSAA level above 0.1 IU/mL ever during post-induction therapy.
  • Induction Infection Toxicity Rate [ Time Frame: Assessed daily during remission induction days 4-32. ]
    Infection toxicity rate is defined as the percentage of patients who experience bacterial or fungal infection of grade 3 or higher with treatment attribution of possibly, probably or definite based on CTCAEv3 during remission induction phase of combination chemotherapy.
  • Induction Serum Asparaginase Activity Level [ Time Frame: Samples for serum asparaginase activity analyses were obtained days 4, 11, 18 and 25 post one-dose of IV-PEG on day 7 of the induction phase. ]
    Serum asparaginase activity (NSAA) levels were estimated based on established methods.
  • Induction Therapeutic Nadir Serum Asparaginase Activity Rate [ Time Frame: Samples for serum asparaginase activity analyses were obtained days 4, 11, 18 and 25 post one-dose of IV-PEG on day 7 of the induction phase. ]
    Nadir serum asparaginase activity (NSAA) levels were estimated based on established methods. Induction therapeutic NSAA rate is defined as the percentage of patients achieving a NSAA level above 0.1 IU/mL at a given timepoint.
  • 5-Year Disease-Free Survival by MRD Day 32 Status [ Time Frame: Disease evaluations occurred continuously on treatment. Suggested long-term follow-up was monthly for 6m, bi-monthly for 6m, every 4 months for 1y, semi-annually for 1y, then annually. Median follow-up in this study cohort is 6 yrs, up to 10y. ]
    Disease-free survival (DFS) in a landmark analysis is defined as the duration of time from asparaginase randomization (which occurred after patients achieved complete remission and were assigned to a final risk group) to documented relapse, death during remission or second malignant neoplasm. DFS is estimated based on the Kaplan-Meier method and 5-year DFS is the probability of patients remaining alive, relapse-free and without occurrence of second malignant neoplasm 5 years from asparaginase randomization. Disease relapse is defined as >25% lymphoblasts identified morphologically in bone marrow aspirate/biopsy, or identification of lymphoblasts in marrow (any percentage) identified to be leukemic by flow cytometry, cytogenetics, FISH, immunohistochemistry, or other tests. Appearance of leukemic cells at any extramedullary site (a single, unequivocal lymphoblast in the CSF may qualify as CNS leukemia) also qualifies if confirmed by the PI.
  • 5-Year Disease-Free Survival by Bone Marrow Day 18 Status [ Time Frame: Disease evaluations occurred continuously on treatment. Suggested long-term follow-up was monthly for 6m, bi-monthly for 6m, every 4 months for 1y, semi-annually for 1y, then annually. Median follow-up in this study cohort is 6 yrs, up to 10y. ]
    Disease-free survival (DFS) in a landmark analysis is defined as the duration of time from asparaginase randomization (which occurred after patients achieved complete remission and were assigned to a final risk group) to documented relapse, death during remission or second malignant neoplasm. DFS is estimated based on the Kaplan-Meier method and 5-year DFS is the probability of patients remaining alive, relapse-free and without occurrence of second malignant neoplasm 5 years from asparaginase randomization. Disease relapse is defined as >25% lymphoblasts identified morphologically in bone marrow aspirate/biopsy, or identification of lymphoblasts in marrow (any percentage) identified to be leukemic by flow cytometry, cytogenetics, FISH, immunohistochemistry, or other tests. Appearance of leukemic cells at any extramedullary site (a single, unequivocal lymphoblast in the CSF may qualify as CNS leukemia) also qualifies if confirmed by the PI.
  • 5-year Disease-Free Survival by CNS Directed Treatment Group [ Time Frame: Disease evaluations occurred continuously on treatment. Suggested long-term follow-up was monthly for 6m, bi-monthly for 6m, every 4 months for 1y, semi-annually for 1y, then annually. Median follow-up in this study cohort is 6 yrs, up to 10y. ]
    Disease-free survival (DFS) in a landmark analysis is defined as the duration of time from asparaginase randomization (which occurred after patients achieved complete remission and were assigned to a final risk group) to documented relapse, death during remission or second malignant neoplasm. DFS is estimated based on the Kaplan-Meier method and 5-year DFS is the probability of patients remaining alive, relapse-free and without occurrence of second malignant neoplasm 5 years from asparaginase randomization. Disease relapse is defined as >25% lymphoblasts identified morphologically in bone marrow aspirate/biopsy, or identification of lymphoblasts in marrow (any percentage) identified to be leukemic by flow cytometry, cytogenetics, FISH, immunohistochemistry, or other tests. Appearance of leukemic cells at any extramedullary site (a single, unequivocal lymphoblast in the CSF may qualify as CNS leukemia) also qualifies if confirmed by the PI.
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: November 16, 2006)
  • Efficacy of pegasparaginase vs E. coli asparaginase
  • Prognostic significance of asparaginase antibody formation
  • Correlation of trough enzyme levels with outcome (toxicity and relapse)
  • Quality of life
  • Comparison of trough serum asparaginase enzyme levels, asparagine levels, and anti-asparaginase antibody levels
  • Rate of infections (episodes of bacteremia and disseminated fungal infections) during the remission induction phase of combination chemotherapy
  • Prognostic significance of response to remission induction chemotherapy as measured by morphology and minimal residual disease (MRD)
  • Outcome based on MRD status after 28 days of multiagent chemotherapy that intensifies treatment for B-lineage patients with MRD levels > 0.001 at the end of remission induction therapy
  • Outcome based on MRD status after 14 days of multiagent chemotherapy, every 18 weeks after achieving complete remission, and at the completion of all chemotherapy
  • Comparison of the outcome of patients (based on bone marrow morphology after 14 days of multiagent chemotherapy) with M2/M3 status vs M1 status or hypoplastic marrows
  • Efficacy of CNS-directed treatment
  • CNS-related toxicity of CNS-directed treatment
  • Relationship between dietary intake and treatment-related toxicities during treatment
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE Treatment of Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia in Children
Official Title  ICMJE Treatment of Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia in Children
Brief Summary

RATIONALE: L-asparaginase is an important component of treatment for childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia, but is also associated with notable side-effects, including hypersensitivity, pancreatitis, and thrombosis. We have previously reported that patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia in whom asparaginase treatment was discontinued because of intolerable side-effects had survival outcomes that were inferior to those who received all or nearly all of their intended doses. Two bacterial sources of asparaginase exist: Escherichia coli (E coli) and Erwinia chrysanthemia (Erwinia). Generally, the E coli-derived enzyme has been used as front-line therapy and the Erwinia-derived preparation has been reserved for patients who develop hypersensitivity reactions. Pegylated E coli asparaginase (PEG-asparaginase) has a longer half-life and is potentially less immunogenic than native E coli L-asparaginase, and has been used as the initial asparaginase preparation in some pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia treatment regimens.

PURPOSE: Although the pharmacokinetics of each of these asparaginase preparations: intravenous PEG-asparaginase (IV-PEG) and intramuscular native E coli L-asparaginase (IM-EC) have been well characterized, their relative efficacy and toxicity have not been studied extensively.

Detailed Description

RISK CLASSIFICATION:

Patients received were classified into initial risk groups defined as:

High Risk (HR) High risk patients had any of the following features: age 10 years and older, a white blood cell count of 50 000 cells per μL or higher, initial spinal fluid sample with the presence of lymphoblasts and five or more white blood cells per high power field [Central Nervous System (CNS)-3], or a T-cell phenotype.

Standard Risk (SR) All other patients were classified as standard risk.

Patients who achieved complete remission (CR) after 32 days of induction therapy defined as a marrow specimen with less than 5% marrow blasts and evidence of normal haemopoiesis, absence of extramedullary disease, and recovery of peripheral blood counts were randomly assigned in a 1:1 ratio to receive IV-PEG or IM-EC. Randomization was stratified by final risk group assigned based on end-induction minimal residual disease and cytogenetics as follows:

Very High Risk (VHR)

Any initial risk group and any of the following:

  • MLL gene rearrangement
  • Hypodiploidy (<45 chromosomes)
  • B cell-ALL (high) end-induction minimal residual disease (MRD) (>/= 0.001)

High Risk (HR)

No VHR features, plus:

HR initial risk group OR

SR initial risk group with either of the following:

  • CNS-2 or CNS-3 on day 18
  • CNS-2 on day 32 OR
  • t(9;22) Philadelphia chromosome positive (Ph+ ALL)

Standard Risk (SR)

No VHR features, plus:

SR initial risk group AND

* CNS-1 on day 18 and 32

NOTE: CNS-1, Cerebral spinal fluid (CSF) without blasts; CNS-2, CSF with blasts and < 5 WBC per high-power field (HPF); CNS-3, CSF with blasts and ≥ 5 WBC per HPF

THERAPY:

INDUCTION

  • Steroid prophase: Patients receive intrathecal (IT) cytarabine on day 1 and methylprednisolone IV every 8 hours on days 1-3. Patients then proceed to remission induction therapy.

Patients with CNS leukemia (CNS-2, CNS-3, or traumatic lumbar puncture [LP] with blasts) on initial LP receive additional IT cytarabine twice weekly beginning on days 4-6 and continuing until cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) is clear, followed by 2 additional doses. Patients with cranial nerve palsy but no leukemia blasts in CSF or leukemic eye infiltrates also receive additional IT cytarabine as above.

NOTE: Patients who received steroids within the past 7 days do not receive steroid prophase treatment; instead they proceed directly to remission induction therapy according to their risk group.

  • Remission induction therapy (SR patients): Patients receive oral prednisone or prednisolone 2-3 times daily OR methylprednisolone IV every 8 hours on days 4-32; vincristine IV on days 4, 11, 18, and 25; doxorubicin hydrochloride (DOX) IV over 15 minutes on days 4 and 5; methotrexate (MTX) IV on day 6; pegasparaginase IV over 1 hour on day 7; triple intrathecal therapy (TIT) comprising methotrexate, cytarabine, and hydrocortisone on day 18; and IT MTX on day 32.
  • Remission induction therapy (HR and VHR patients): Patients receive prednisone/prednisolone OR methylprednisolone; vincristine; DOX; MTX IV; pegasparaginase; TIT; and IT MTX as in the SR group. Patients also receive dexrazoxane hydrochloride IV over 15 minutes preceding the DOX infusions on days 4 and 5.

NOTE: Patients who do not receive steroid prophase treatment also receive IT cytarabine on day 4.

NOTE: Patients who are in CR on day 32 proceed to consolidation I. Patients who do not meet protocol definition of CR on day 32 but have no evidence of persistent disease receive vincristine IV weekly until CR is achieved. Patients with persistent marrow disease (greater than 5% leukemic blasts) and/or persistent extramedullary disease or those who do not achieve CR by day 53 are removed from the study.

NOTE: Patients with Ph+ ALL received imatinib (340 mg/m2 PO maximum 600 mg daily starting day 18) in combination with HR chemotherapy until they proceeded to stem cell transplant. Patients with Ph+ ALL patients did not participate in asparaginase randomization but were directly assigned to receive IM-EC during post-induction therapy.

CONSOLIDATION I

  • Consolidation I (SR patients): Patients receive vincristine IV and IT MTX on day 1 and oral mercaptopurine once daily on days 1-14. Patients also receive high-dose MTX (HDM) IV continuously over 24 hours on day 1 and leucovorin calcium IV every 6 hours beginning 36 hours after the start of the HDM infusion and continuing until MTX levels are undetectable. Patients proceed to CNS therapy after day 21.
  • Consolidation I (HR patients): Patients receive vincristine, IT MTX, and mercaptopurine as in the SR group. Patients also receive dexrazoxane hydrochloride IV over 15 minutes followed by DOX IV over 15 minutes on day 1 and HDM with leucovorin calcium support as in the SR group beginning 8-24 hours after the completion of the DOX infusion. Patients proceed to CNS therapy after day 21.
  • Consolidation I (VHR patients): Patients receive consolidation therapy in 3 stages.

    • IA: Patients receive vincristine, IT MTX, and mercaptopurine as in the SR group. Patients also receive dexrazoxane hydrochloride, DOX, HDM, and leucovorin calcium as in the HR group.
    • IB: Patients receive cyclophosphamide IV over 1 hour and IT MTX on day 22; oral mercaptopurine once daily on days 22-35; and cytarabine IV on days 23-26 and 30-33.
    • IC: Patients receive high-dose cytarabine IV over 3 hours every 12 hours on days 43 and 44; etoposide IV over 1 hour on days 45-47; and oral dexamethasone twice daily on days 43-47. Patients also receive IM-EC weekly beginning on day 48 and continuing for up to 30 weeks OR IV-PEG over 1 hour every 2 weeks beginning on day 48 and continuing for up to 30 weeks. Patients proceed to CNS therapy after day 49.

KEY RANDOMIZATION: Patients are randomized 1:1 to receive either IV-PEG or IM-EC post-induction. Those who achieved a complete remission after induction therapy were assigned a final risk group and were eligible to participate in the randomization. The randomization was stratified by final risk group.

NOTE: Ph+ ALL patients did not participate in asparaginase randomization but were directly assigned to receive IM-EC during post-induction therapy. Patients who were eligible but declined randomization were also directly assigned to receive IM-EC. Patients who developed severe pancreatitis (defined as symptoms persisting for >72 h) during induction were not eligible for randomization and received no further doses of asparaginase. Patients who had hypersensitivity to IV-PEG during induction were also ineligible for randomization, but received twice-weekly IM-EC (25 000 IU/m2) during the post-induction treatment phases.

CNS

  • CNS therapy (SR patients): Patients receive vincristine IV on day 1; oral mercaptopurine once daily on days 1-14; oral dexamethasone twice daily on days 1-5; and TIT twice weekly for 2 weeks. Patients also receive IV-PEG OR IM-EC as above beginning on day 1 and continuing for up to 30 weeks. Patients proceed to consolidation II after day 21.
  • CNS therapy (HR and VHR patients): Patients receive vincristine, mercaptopurine, dexamethasone, and TIT as in the SR group. Patients also receive dexrazoxane hydrochloride IV over 15 minutes followed by DOX IV over 15 minutes on day 1. HR patients also receive IV-PEG OR IM-EC as above beginning on day 1 and continuing for up to 30 weeks. VHR patients continue to receive IV-PEG OR IM-EC as per consolidation I treatment. Patients proceed to consolidation II after day 21.

NOTE: Patients with WBC > 100,000/mm³, T-cell disease, and/or CNS-3 at diagnosis or CNS-2 at end of remission induction therapy also undergo cranial radiation therapy daily for 8 or 10 days.

CONSOLIDATION II

  • Consolidation II (SR patients): Patients receive vincristine IV on day 1; oral dexamethasone twice daily on days 1-5; and oral mercaptopurine once daily on days 1-14. Treatment repeats every 21 days until IV-PEG OR IM-EC is completed. Patients also receive MTX IV or IM 1 day after each IV-PEG OR IM-EC dose and TIT every 9 weeks for 6 doses and then every 18 weeks thereafter.
  • Consolidation II (HR and VHR patients): Patients receive vincristine, dexamethasone, and mercaptopurine as in the SR group. Patients also receive dexrazoxane hydrochloride IV over 15 minutes followed by DOX IV over 15 minutes on day 1. Treatment repeats every 21 days until IV-PEG OR IM-EC is completed. Patients also receive MTX IV or IM as in the SR group and TIT every 9 weeks for 6 doses and then every 18 weeks thereafter OR TIT every 18 weeks.

CONTINUATION

  • Continuation therapy: After completion of all consolidation therapy, all patients receive vincristine IV on day 1; oral dexamethasone twice daily on days 1-5; oral mercaptopurine once daily on days 1-14; and MTX IV or IM on days 1, 8, and 15. Treatment repeats every 21 days for up to 24 months (102 weeks) after achieving CR. Patients continue to receive TIT as in consolidation II until completion of therapy.

OBJECTIVES:

Primary

  • To determine the relative toxicity of IV PEG asparaginase and IM E.coli asparaginase in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL)

Secondary (reported)

  • To explore the relative efficacy of IV PEG asparaginase and IM E.coliasparaginase
  • To determine the rate of infections (episodes of bacteremia and disseminated fungal infections) during the remission induction phase
  • To compare trough serum asparaginase enzyme levels, asparagine levels and antiasparaginase antibody levels
  • To evaluate the outcome of patients based upon MRD status after 28 days of multiagent chemotherapy within the context of a regimen which intensifies treatment for B-lineage patients with MRD levels >0.001 at the end of remission induction (day 32 MRD status used)
  • To evaluate the outcome of patients based upon bone marrow morphology after 14 days of multiagent chemotherapy (day 18 marrow morphology status used)
  • To determine the efficacy of CNS-directed treatments

Secondary (not reported)

  • To compare antiasparaginase antibody levels (not available due to problems with the assay)
  • To correlate trough enzyme levels with outcome (toxicity, relapse)
  • To determine CNS-related toxicity of CNS-directed treatments (data is not mature on late neurocognitive impairments in long-term survivors)
  • To determine the efficacy and CNS-related toxicity (acute and long-term) of the HR regimen in which a subset of HR patients (B-lineage, CNS-1 or CNS-2, WBC <100,000/m3) are treated with intensive intrathecal chemotherapy and the remainder are treated with 12 Gy cranial radiation (with intrathecal chemotherapy)
  • To determine the efficacy and CNS-related toxicity (acute and long-term) of intensive intrathecal therapy in SR patients
  • To determine the prognostic significance of asparaginase antibody formation
  • To compare randomized treatment groups using health-related quality-of-life analysis (connected with a separate protocol 06-373)
  • To investigate the association of dietary antioxidant micronutrient intake with the rate of infections (episodes of bacteremia and disseminated fungal infections) during remission induction therapy and the Consolidation IA phase
  • To determine the relationship of dietary calcium intake with risk for development of fractures during the continuation phase of therapy
  • To evaluate the association of dietary intake of specific nutrients with treatment-related toxicities during treatment
  • To evaluate the outcome of patients based upon MRD status after 14 days of multiagent chemotherapy and at various other timepoints while on treatment every 18 weeks after achieving complete remission and at the completion of all chemotherapy
  • To determine the prognostic significance of response to remission induction chemotherapy as measured by morphologic and minimal residual disease (MRD) measures within the context of DFCI ALL Consortium protocol therapy (data limited due to response outcomes)
  • To compare rate of infection during remission induction in patients treated with a less intensive induction regimen on Protocol 05-01 (low-dose instead of high-dose methotrexate) with that of patients treated on prior DFCI ALL Consortium Protocol 00-01 (induction regimen included high-dose methotrexate)
  • To determine the concordance of MRD quantification using multi-parameter flow cytometry and PCR techniques
  • To determine the prognostic significance of gene expression programs in childhood ALL and identify new targets for specific therapies
  • To identify clinically relevant gene expression signatures in leukemia cells
  • To identify gene expression signature in leukemia cells at diagnosis that predicts peripheral blood response to the steroid prophase
  • To identify gene expression changes in leukemia cells induced by steroid treatment
  • To determine the frequency and type of tyrosine kinase mutations in childhood ALL and identify new targets for specific therapies
  • To explore the potential relationship between abnormal glucose homeostasis during therapy and the development of obesity, as well as the potential relationship between obesity and the age of pubertal onset (assessed in patients treated at DFCI/CHB only)
  • To characterize the degree of hyperglycemia and insulin resistance in patients receiving therapy for childhood ALL
  • To characterize the degree of insulin resistance and obesity after the completion of therapy for childhood ALL
Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 3
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE
  • Drug/Agent Toxicity by Tissue/Organ
  • Leukemia
Intervention  ICMJE
  • Drug: asparaginase
  • Drug: cyclophosphamide
  • Drug: cytarabine
  • Drug: dexamethasone
  • Drug: dexrazoxane hydrochloride
  • Drug: doxorubicin hydrochloride
  • Drug: etoposide
    Given IV
  • Drug: leucovorin calcium
  • Drug: mercaptopurine
    Given orally
  • Drug: methotrexate
  • Drug: methylprednisolone
  • Drug: pegaspargase
    Given IV
  • Drug: prednisolone
  • Drug: therapeutic hydrocortisone
  • Drug: vincristine sulfate
  • Radiation: radiation therapy
Study Arms  ICMJE
  • Active Comparator: Intramuscular native E coli L-asparaginase (IM-EC)
    Patients in this arm were randomized to intramuscular native E coli L-asparaginase 25 000 IU/m2 weekly for 30 doses. Protocol therapy was comprised of 5 phases: Induction, Consolidation I, CNS, Consolidation II, Continuation and varied dependent on risk classification. Patients who achieved complete remission after induction were eligible for post-induction asparaginase randomization. Further details are provided in the study description section.
    Interventions:
    • Drug: asparaginase
    • Drug: cyclophosphamide
    • Drug: cytarabine
    • Drug: dexamethasone
    • Drug: dexrazoxane hydrochloride
    • Drug: doxorubicin hydrochloride
    • Drug: etoposide
    • Drug: leucovorin calcium
    • Drug: mercaptopurine
    • Drug: methotrexate
    • Drug: methylprednisolone
    • Drug: prednisolone
    • Drug: therapeutic hydrocortisone
    • Drug: vincristine sulfate
    • Radiation: radiation therapy
  • Experimental: Intravenous PEG-asparaginase (IV-PEG)
    Patients in this arm were randomized to intravenous PEG-asparaginase 2500 IU/m2 every 2 weeks for 15 doses. Protocol therapy was comprised of 5 phases: Induction, Consolidation I, CNS, Consolidation II, Continuation and varied dependent on risk classification. Patients who achieved complete remission after induction were eligible for post-induction asparaginase randomization. Further details are provided in the study description section.
    Interventions:
    • Drug: cyclophosphamide
    • Drug: cytarabine
    • Drug: dexamethasone
    • Drug: dexrazoxane hydrochloride
    • Drug: doxorubicin hydrochloride
    • Drug: etoposide
    • Drug: leucovorin calcium
    • Drug: mercaptopurine
    • Drug: methotrexate
    • Drug: methylprednisolone
    • Drug: pegaspargase
    • Drug: prednisolone
    • Drug: therapeutic hydrocortisone
    • Drug: vincristine sulfate
    • Radiation: radiation therapy
Publications *

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Completed
Actual Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: October 25, 2011)
800
Original Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: November 16, 2006)
544
Actual Study Completion Date  ICMJE June 2019
Actual Primary Completion Date August 2014   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS:

  • Diagnosis of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL)

    • No known mature B-cell ALL, defined by the presence of any of the following:

      • Surface immunoglobulin
      • L3 morphology
      • t(8;14)(q24;q32)
      • t(8;22)
      • t(2;8)
    • T-cell surface markers and t(8;14)(q24;q11) allowed
  • No secondary ALL

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS:

  • No known HIV positivity
  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY:

  • No prior therapy except steroids of ≤ 1 week in duration and/or emergent radiation therapy to the mediastinum

    • Patients treated with steroids within the past 7 days will not receive steroid prophase during study treatment
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 1 Year to 18 Years   (Child, Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE Canada,   Puerto Rico,   United States
Removed Location Countries  
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT00400946
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE 05-001 / CDR0000513019
P01CA068484 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
P30CA006516 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
DFCI-05001 ( Other Identifier: DFCI IRB Protocol Number )
Has Data Monitoring Committee Yes
U.S. FDA-regulated Product Not Provided
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE
Plan to Share IPD: No
Responsible Party Lewis B. Silverman, M.D., Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
Study Sponsor  ICMJE Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
Collaborators  ICMJE National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Investigators  ICMJE
Principal Investigator: Lewis B. Silverman, MD Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
PRS Account Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
Verification Date November 2019

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP