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Evaluation of a Multi-disciplinary Approach for the Treatment of Hepatitis C in IDUs (HI-LO Study)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00399672
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : November 15, 2006
Last Update Posted : November 30, 2016
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of British Columbia

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE November 14, 2006
First Posted Date  ICMJE November 15, 2006
Last Update Posted Date November 30, 2016
Study Start Date  ICMJE June 2007
Actual Primary Completion Date August 2010   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: November 14, 2006)
Rate of sustained virologic response (SVR) six months after completion of treatment.
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Change History
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: November 14, 2006)
  • Adherence to therapy
  • Cost
  • Quality of life
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE Evaluation of a Multi-disciplinary Approach for the Treatment of Hepatitis C in IDUs (HI-LO Study)
Official Title  ICMJE Evaluation of a Multi-disciplinary Approach for the Treatment of Hepatitis C in IDUs (HI-LO Study)
Brief Summary Although injection drug users (IDUs) account for over 70% of new cases of HCV infection/year, there is no consensus on how to approach their medical care. In some Canadian centres, patients must be free of recreational drug use for as long as 6 months before being considered for HCV therapy. This is not consistent with current North American guidelines. Over the past 5 years, we have developed a successful program for the treatment of HIV infection in this population, based on a multi-disciplinary comprehensive program including directly observed therapy (DOT). Even though the duration of therapy for HCV is shorter than for HIV (as little as 6 months vs. life-long), we must address issues of administration of a weekly injection (interferon), twice daily pills (ribavirin) and the risk of significant side effects (including anxiety and depression) to successfully expand our program to treat this disease. Further, it may be that even if the program is successful, its benefits will be negated by HCV re-infection due to continued risk behaviors for its transmission.
Detailed Description We will determine the HCV infection status of potential study subjects within a cohort of 2,000 IDUs receiving care in our centres (Appendix 1). For those who carry HCV antibodies (expected n = 1800), a test for HCV viremia and genotype will be performed. By these evaluations, we expect up to 600 individuals to be viremic and carry HCV genotype 2 or 3. Within this group, 200 consecutive patients (100/study strategy) will receive therapy for HCV, based on their eligibility to do so according to Provincial guidelines for the reimbursement of medications. Patient allocation will be according to the study site where they regularly receive care. At two sites, patients will be enrolled in a DOT program with on-site full-time nursing and counseling support (high intensity, 50 patients/site). At the other two sites, patients will receive medication on a weekly basis and will have access to part-time nursing and counseling support (low intensity, 50 patients/site). Medical follow-up will be according to current clinical standards, and the primary endpoint of the study will be the rate of sustained virologic response (SVR) six months after completion of treatment. Within the study described above, we will use standardized methodologies to calculate the total health care costs related to the treatment of HCV infection. We will also assess the effect of treatment on the quality of life (QoL) of study participants.
Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Not Applicable
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE Hepatitis C Virus Infection
Intervention  ICMJE
  • Drug: Interferon injections and ribavirin
    Weekly pegylated interferon injections will be administered by clinic staff and ribavirin will be dispensed in weekly medication pack.
  • Drug: Interferon injections and ribavirin
    Patients will be offered the option of self or nurse administered pegylated interferon injections on an appointment basis. Ribavirin will be dispensed biweekly. The treatment medication cannot be stored at the clinic; it must be the subjects responsibility.
Study Arms  ICMJE
  • Active Comparator: 1
    The 4 participating sites are designated either High Intensity or Low Intensity. High Intensity sites have access to: full time specialist physicians, access to full time nurses and counselors. All weekly pegylated interferon injections will be administered by clinic staff and ribavirin will be dispensed in weekly medication pack.
    Intervention: Drug: Interferon injections and ribavirin
  • Active Comparator: 2
    The 4 participating sites are designated either High Intensity or Low Intensity. In the Low intensity group, all patients will have access to: full time primary care physicians, specialist physicians and access to part time nurse or counselor by appointment. Patients will be offered the option of self or nurse administered pegylated interferon injections on an appointment basis. Ribavirin will be dispensed biweekly. The treatment medication cannot be stored at the clinic; it must be the subjects responsibility.
    Intervention: Drug: Interferon injections and ribavirin
Publications * Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Completed
Actual Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: July 9, 2012)
370
Original Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: November 14, 2006)
200
Actual Study Completion Date  ICMJE December 2012
Actual Primary Completion Date August 2010   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Age > 19 years;
  • Serum HCV-RNA pos;
  • HCV genotype 2 or 3;
  • HBsAg neg;
  • serum ALT > 1.5x upper limit normal > 3 months;
  • Illicit drug use in the past year;
  • Agreement from each participant of childbearing age to practice contraception;
  • Absence of other contraindications to the initiation of therapy as determined by the health care team;
  • Ability to provide informed consent.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Any cause for chronic liver disease other than HCV (including alcohol use >350 g/wk);
  • Pregnant or breastfeeding women;
  • Active HBV infection;
  • Hemolytic anemia;
  • Decompensated cirrhosis or portal hypertension or PT-INR > 1.3 or Child-Hugh class > A;
  • Active suicidal ideation, psychosis, mania or hypomania;
  • Serum creatinine > 180 µg/mL;
  • Hemoglobin < 120 g/L in men or 110 g/L in women;
  • Platelets < 90 x 109/L;
  • Neutrophils < 1.5 x 109/L;
  • Active autoimmune disease;
  • NYHA disease > grade 2;
  • Psoriasis requiring systemic therapy;
  • Active malignancy apart from non melanoma skin cancer;
  • Use of systemic immunosuppressant agents;
  • Prior treatment of HCV with interferon or ribavirin;
  • HIV positive with CD4 count <300 cells/mm3 or receiving didanosine (due to interaction with ribavirin);
  • Life expectancy < 2 years.
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 19 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE Canada
Removed Location Countries  
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT00399672
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE C06-0192
Has Data Monitoring Committee No
U.S. FDA-regulated Product Not Provided
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE Not Provided
Responsible Party University of British Columbia
Study Sponsor  ICMJE University of British Columbia
Collaborators  ICMJE Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR)
Investigators  ICMJE
Principal Investigator: Brian Conway, MD University of British Columbia
PRS Account University of British Columbia
Verification Date November 2016

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP