We updated the design of this site on December 18, 2017. Learn more.
ClinicalTrials.gov Menu

Effectiveness of Two Types of Treatment in Restoring Muscle After Hip or Knee Surgery

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00393848
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : October 30, 2006
Results First Posted : June 2, 2014
Last Update Posted : June 2, 2014
Information provided by (Responsible Party):

October 27, 2006
October 30, 2006
January 6, 2014
June 2, 2014
June 2, 2014
October 2006
October 2012   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Muscle Protein Synthesis [ Time Frame: Perioperative and discharge ]
  • Experiment 1
  • Hypothesis-Stimulation of muscle protein synthesis during acute hospitalization
  • and short-term rehabilitation from hip replacement surgery will preserve muscle protein.
  • Experiment 2
  • Hypothesis-Amelioration of hypercortisolemia throughout acute
  • recovery (hospitalization) will improve net muscle protein
  • balance.
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00393848 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
Change in Maximal Voluntary Contraction [ Time Frame: Baseline and 6 weeks post surgery ]
Not Provided
Not Provided
Not Provided
Effectiveness of Two Types of Treatment in Restoring Muscle After Hip or Knee Surgery
Restoration of Muscle Following Hip Surgery
The purpose of this study is to determine the effects of two postoperative interventions designed to preserve muscle protein after major hip or knee surgery.

Hip fractures among the elderly are a major health concern. Nearly one-third of elderly hip fracture patients die within 1 year of the injury. Events surrounding the actual injury and any necessary surgical repair often lead to reduced muscle protein, and eventually, muscle strength. Loss in everyday function and independence may follow, especially in elderly or frail individuals. The decrease in protein synthesis may be caused by two main events following injury and surgery: prolonged inactivity and an increase in stress hormone levels. Preventing a loss in protein may help to improve outcomes for individuals undergoing hip surgery and rehabilitation. The purpose of this study is to determine the effects of two postoperative interventions designed to retain muscle protein after major hip or knee surgery in adults.

This study will include two experiments. Experiment 1 will include individuals who are scheduled for hip or knee replacement surgery because of osteoarthritis (the need to repair or replace the affected joint), or avascular necrosis (bone tissue death caused by lack of blood supply). Experiment 1 participants will be randomly assigned to one of two groups:

  • Group 1 participants will receive daily supplements of essential amino acids, which are thought to stimulate protein synthesis.
  • Group 2 participants will receive standard rehabilitation care while in the hospital and will serve as controls for the effect of time on recovery.

Participants will be in the hospital for about 4 days. On the morning of surgery, blood and urine collection will occur. During surgery, substances called tracers, measuring the extent of protein synthesis and breakdown, will be injected into a vein for the first metabolic study. Additional blood and muscle samples will also be taken. After surgery, when participants arrive in the surgical recovery unit and are able to eat, they will begin to record all food intake and will receive their assigned treatment. Treatment, in the form of gel capsules, will be taken 2.5 hours after each meal. Urine will be collected throughout hospitalization and blood will be collected each morning. Prior to discharge, a 24-hour metabolic study will be performed, including tracer injections and muscle biopsies. After discharge, participants will be provided with 6 weeks' worth of their assigned treatment. Follow-up visits will occur 2 and ~6 to 8 weeks after surgery. These visits will include various muscle function and physical performance tests. Participants will also undergo a dual energy x-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) scan, which will be used to determine muscle mass.

Experiment 2 participants will include individuals scheduled for either hip or knee replacement surgery or fracture repair surgery. Participants will be randomly assigned to one of two groups:

  • Group 1 participants will receive the antifungal drug ketoconazole, which is thought to reduce levels of the stress hormone cortisol.
  • Group 2 participants will receive placebo and standard rehabilitation care while in the hospital.

Participants will begin taking their assigned treatments the day prior to surgery; those with a hip fracture will take their assigned treatment at least 4 hours prior to surgery. The same procedures that occurred in Experiment 1 during surgery and hospitalization will be carried out during Experiment 2. The second metabolic study, however, will last only 1 hour and will include a standard clinical meal.

Phase 2
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Care Provider)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
  • Hip Fracture
  • Osteoarthritis
  • Femur Head Necrosis
  • Drug: Essential amino acid supplement
    15g of essential amino acid in capsule form three times daily during hospitalization, continued through 6 weeks after discharge.
  • Drug: Ketoconazole
    200mg ketoconazole twice daily; started night before surgery and continued through hospitalization.
  • Drug: Placebo
    Placebo for Ketoconazole
  • Experimental: Experiment 2 - Experimental Group
    Intervention: Drug: Ketoconazole
  • No Intervention: Experiment 1 - Standard of care Group
  • Experimental: Experiment 1 - Experimental Group
    Intervention: Drug: Essential amino acid supplement
  • Placebo Comparator: Experiment 2 - Placebo Group
    Intervention: Drug: Placebo
Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
October 2012
October 2012   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria for All Participants:

  • Scheduled for surgery because of osteoarthritis, avascular necrosis, fracture, or revision of total joint replacement in the hip or knee

Exclusion Criteria for All Participants:

  • Taking insulin, thiazolidinediones (TZD), or metformin
  • Kidney insufficiency, as indicated by serum creatinine of more than 2.0 mg/dl
  • Recently treated cancer other than basal cell carcinoma
  • Any other condition or event that would be considered as reason for exclusion by the study investigators
  • Pregnancy

Exclusion Criteria for Experiment 1 Participants:

  • Severe hypertension as indicated by requiring more than two drugs for blood pressure control
  • History of hypo- or hypercoagulation disorders, including individuals who have taken warfarin (Coumadin)
  • Atrial fibrillation, angina, or congestive heart failure

Exclusion Criteria for Experiment 2 Participants:

  • Liver disease or abnormal liver function tests
  • HIV infected
  • Active hepatitis
  • Any uncontrolled metabolic disease, including liver or kidney disease
  • Taking medications that use the cytochrome P450 pathway for metabolism and unable to discontinue their use for the duration of the study
  • Require certain medications. More information on this criterion can be found in the protocol.
  • Gastrointestinal absorption disorders that affect nutrient uptake
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
30 Years to 80 Years   (Adult, Senior)
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
R01AR052293( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
1R01AR052293-01A2 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
Not Provided
Not Provided
University of Arkansas
University of Arkansas
National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases (NIAMS)
Principal Investigator: Arny Ferrando, PhD University of Arkansas
University of Arkansas
May 2014

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP