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Efficacy of Levodopa/Carbidopa/Entacapone vs Levodopa/Carbidopa in Parkinson's Disease Patients With Early Wearing-off

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00391898
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : October 25, 2006
Results First Posted : March 15, 2011
Last Update Posted : March 15, 2011
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
Novartis

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE October 24, 2006
First Posted Date  ICMJE October 25, 2006
Results First Submitted Date  ICMJE January 4, 2011
Results First Posted Date  ICMJE March 15, 2011
Last Update Posted Date March 15, 2011
Study Start Date  ICMJE October 2006
Actual Primary Completion Date June 2008   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: February 16, 2011)
Change in the Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS) Part II (Activities of Daily Living [ADL]) Score From Baseline to Month 3 [ Time Frame: Baseline to end of study (Month 3) ]
The UPDRS is a standardized assessment scale used to measure a patient's disease state. It is completed by a blinded rater. There are 6 parts to the UPDRS. Part II (items 5-17; total score 0-52, calculated as the sum of the individual items) measures the patient's activities of daily living. A lower total score indicates greater symptom control. A negative change score indicates improvement.
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: October 24, 2006)
Unified Parkinson Disease Rating Scale score, Part II (Activities of daily living) at the beginning of the study and at 3 months
Change History Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00391898 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: February 16, 2011)
  • Change in the UPDRS Part I (Mentation, Behavior, and Mood) Score From Baseline to Month 3 [ Time Frame: Baseline to end of study (Month 3) ]
    The UPDRS is a standardized assessment scale used to measure a patient's disease state. It is completed by a blinded rater. There are 6 parts to the UPDRS. Part I (items 1-4; total score 0-16, calculated as the sum of the individual items) measures the patient's mentation, mood and behavior. A lower total score indicates greater symptom control. A negative change score indicates improvement.
  • Change in the UPDRS Part III (Motor Function) Score From Baseline to Month 3 [ Time Frame: Baseline to end of study (Month 3) ]
    The UPDRS is a standardized assessment scale used to measure a patient's disease state. It is completed by a blinded rater. There are 6 parts to the UPDRS. Part III (items 18-31; total score 0-56, calculated as the sum of the individual items) measures the patient's motor function. A lower total score indicates greater symptom control. A negative change score indicates improvement.
  • Change in the UPDRS Part IV (Complications of Therapy) Score From Baseline to Month 3 [ Time Frame: Baseline to end of study (Month 3) ]
    Part IV of the UPDRS measures complications the patient may be experiencing with therapy and was only collected at and after the visit at which the first dyskinesia or episode of wearing-off was recorded. Part IV is composed of 3 sections and 11 items: A (32-35, dyskinesia), B (36-39, clinical fluctuations, C (40-42, other complications) (total score 0-23, calculated as the sum of the individual items). A lower total score indicates greater symptom control. A negative change score indicates improvement.
  • Change in the 39-item Parkinson's Disease Questionnaire (PDQ-39) Total Score From Baseline to Month 3 [ Time Frame: Baseline to end of study (Month 3) ]
    The PDQ-39 is an instrument used to assess quality of life in individuals with Parkinson's disease. The questionnaire provides scores on eight scales: Mobility, activities of daily living, emotions, stigma, social support, cognitions, communication, and bodily discomfort. Questions are scored on a 5-point Likert scale ranging from 1 (never) to 3 (sometimes) to 5 (always). The total score can range from 39 to 195. A lower score indicates better quality of life. A positive change score indicates an improvement.
  • Patient and Investigator Global Evaluation of the Patient [ Time Frame: Baseline to end of study (Month 3) ]
    Both the patient and the investigator made an evaluation of the change in the patient's condition by rating the condition of the patient at the end of the study compared to patient's condition at baseline. The rating was made on a scale ranging from -3 to +3: (-3: Very much improved, -2: much improved, -1: mild improvement, 0: no change, +1: mild deterioration, +2: much deterioration, +3: very much deterioration). A negative score indicates improvement.
  • Change on the QUICK Questionnaire (QQ) Score From Baseline to Month 3 [ Time Frame: Baseline to end of study (Month 3) ]
    The QQ is a self-administered questionnaire that includes 19 wearing-off (WO) symptoms (motor and non-motor). A positive answer to each of the 19 symptoms is given by patients if they presented with a symptom and the symptom disappeared after the next drug dose. Two positive answers are diagnostic of wearing-off (WO). A negative change score indicates improvement.
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: October 24, 2006)
  • Unified Parkinson Disease Rating Scale scores parts I (Mentation, behavior and mood), III (Motor examination), IV (Complications of the treatment) and total score at the beginning of the study and at 3 months
  • Parkinson Disease Questionnaire-39 items at the beginning of the study and at 3 months
  • Global assessments of the treatment, by patient and investigator, at baseline and 3 months
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE Efficacy of Levodopa/Carbidopa/Entacapone vs Levodopa/Carbidopa in Parkinson's Disease Patients With Early Wearing-off
Official Title  ICMJE A 3-month, Multi-center, Double-blind, Randomized Study to Evaluate the Efficacy of Levodopa/Carbidopa/Entacapone vs Levodopa/Carbidopa in Parkinson's Disease Patients With Impairment of Activities of Daily Living and Early Wearing-off With Levodopa
Brief Summary The study evaluated the efficacy of levodopa/carbidopa/entacapone vs levodopa/carbidopa in patients with Parkinson's disease and early wearing-off with levodopa
Detailed Description Not Provided
Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 4
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE Parkinson's Disease
Intervention  ICMJE
  • Drug: Levodopa/carbidopa/entacapone
    Patients were instructed to take the study medication at the same hours and the same levodopa dose they were taking prior to enrollment in this study. Levodopa/carbidopa/entacapone was available in 2 oral dosage forms: 100/25/200 or 150/37.5/200 mg encapsulated tablets.
  • Drug: Levodopa/carbidopa
    Patients were instructed to take the study medication at the same hours and the same levodopa dose they were taking prior to enrollment in this study. Levodopa/carbidopa was available in 2 oral dosage forms: One or one and one-half 100/25 mg encapsulated tablets.
Study Arms  ICMJE
  • Experimental: Levodopa/carbidopa/entacapone
    Intervention: Drug: Levodopa/carbidopa/entacapone
  • Active Comparator: Levodopa/carbidopa
    Intervention: Drug: Levodopa/carbidopa
Publications * Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Completed
Actual Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: February 16, 2011)
95
Original Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: October 24, 2006)
200
Actual Study Completion Date  ICMJE June 2008
Actual Primary Completion Date June 2008   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Male and female patients ages ≥ 30 and ≤ 80 years old.
  2. A clinical diagnosis of idiopathic Parkinson's disease.
  3. Taking a stable dose of levodopa/carbidopa (≥ 300 and ≤ 600mg) for a period of at least 1 month prior to study entry.
  4. Must be using any of the following levodopa/carbidopa standard formulation levodopa/carbidopa 100/25mg dose in any intake of the day.

    • 1 full tablet, and/or
    • 1½ tablets The patient can also be using, for a period of at least 1 month prior to study entry, 1 tablet of the controlled release formulation of levodopa/carbidopa 100/25 mg (marketed in Spain as Sinemet Plus retard) or 1 tablet the controlled release formulation of levodopa/carbidopa 200/50 mg (marketed in Spain as Sinemet retard) in each intake, at different doses.
  5. Must have early end-of-dose wearing-off defined by >= 2 or <=7 positive responses to the QUICK questionnaire.
  6. Must have a minimum UPDRS part II (ADL) score of 9.
  7. Patients without dyskinesia or with mild dyskinesia.
  8. Female patients must be either post-menopausal or using one or more acceptable methods of contraception.
  9. Must be capable of satisfying the requirements of the protocol and must be willing and able to give informed consent according to legal requirements.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Previous or current use of entacapone.
  2. History, signs, or symptoms suggesting the diagnosis of secondary or atypical parkinsonism.
  3. Unstable Parkinson's disease patients.
  4. Patients who experience severe dyskinesia.
  5. The following levodopa/carbidopa doses and strengths are not permitted:

    • Patients taking ½ tablet of standard formulation levodopa/carbidopa 100/25
    • Patients taking standard formulation levodopa/carbidopa 100/10 or 250/25
    • Patients taking fewer than 3 or more than 6 daily intakes of standard formulation levodopa/carbidopa 100/25 (fewer than 300mg or more than 600mg of levodopa)
  6. Patients with hallucinations or psychiatric diseases related to levodopa or dopamine agonists intake. Patients with major depression.
  7. Female patients who are pregnant, trying to become pregnant or nursing (lactating) an infant.
  8. Concomitant treatment with MAO-inhibitors (except selegiline up to 10mg/day), rotigotine or neuroleptics, within 60 days prior to the screening visit.
  9. Patients with a previous history of Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome (NMS) and/or non-traumatic rhabdomyolysis.
  10. Participated in another trial of an investigational drug/device within the last 30 days prior to study entry.
  11. Patients who have a history of poor compliance or are in the Investigator's judgment unlikely to comply with medical regimens or study requirements.
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 30 Years to 80 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE Spain
Removed Location Countries  
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT00391898
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE CELC200AES03
Has Data Monitoring Committee Not Provided
U.S. FDA-regulated Product Not Provided
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE Not Provided
Responsible Party External Affairs, Novartis Pharmaceuticals
Study Sponsor  ICMJE Novartis
Collaborators  ICMJE Not Provided
Investigators  ICMJE
Principal Investigator: Eduard Tolosa-Sarró, Dr. Hospital Clínic i Provincial de Barcelona
PRS Account Novartis
Verification Date February 2011

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP