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Xyrem(Sodium Oxybate) and Ambien(Zolpidem Tartrate) in the Treatment of Chronic Insomnia.

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Jed E Black, Stanford University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00383643
First received: September 29, 2006
Last updated: April 26, 2017
Last verified: April 2017
September 29, 2006
April 26, 2017
May 2006
December 2009   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
  • Assessment of Clinical Global Impression-change. [ Time Frame: Baseline to week 12 ]
    Clinician assessment of Clinical Global Impression-Change score at week 12 of treatment intervention. The Clinical Global Impression - Change scale is a 7 point scale that requires the clinician to assess how much the patient's illness has improved or worsened relative to a baseline state at the current time point. It is rated as: 1, very much improved; 2, much improved; 3, minimally improved; 4, no change; 5, minimally worse; 6, much worse; or 7, very much worse. One one clinician provided the ratings in this trial.
  • Assessment of Insomnia Severity Index [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]

    Current self-report on Insomnia Severity Index at week 12 of treatment intervention. This is a seven-item questionnaire where the sum of the answers indicate the severity of insomnia. Total score categories:

    0-7 = No clinically significant insomnia 8-14 = Subthreshold insomnia 15-21 = Clinical insomnia (moderate severity) 22-28 = Clinical insomnia (severe)

  • Assessment of Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) [ Time Frame: One month ]

    Current self-report on Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) at week 12 of intervention. Consisting of 19 items, the PSQI measures several different aspects of sleep which can be combined into one global score.

    Each item measure is scored on a scale of 0 to 3 where 3 is the extreme negative. The composite PSQI score is then calculated by totaling the seven component scores, providing an overall score ranging from 0 to 21, where lower scores denote a healthier sleep quality. Based on this questionnaire, a composite score of 5 or greater is indicative of poor sleep quality.

  • Assessment of Fatigue [ Time Frame: One month ]
    Current self-report on Profile of Mood State -- Fatigue (POMS-F) at week 12 of intervention. This subscale of the POMS consists of 7 items each scored on a scale of 0 (not at all) to 4 (extremely) which are summed to provide a composite score of fatigue. The range is 0 to 28 for this subscale. Higher scores indicate more fatigue.
  • Assessment of Sleepiness [ Time Frame: One month ]
    Current self-report on Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS) at week 12 of intervention. This measure consists of 8 scenarios in which the participant is asked to assess how likely s/he is to fall asleep. Scale: 0 = would never doze; 1 = slight chance of dozing; 2 = moderate chance of dozing; 3 = high chance of dozing. Responses are summed for a total score ranging from 0 to 24. The higher the score, the greater the self-reported sleepiness. Scores of 9 and below are considered in the normal range.
  • 1. To assess the long term efficacy of sodium oxybate and zolpidem tartrate in reducing insomnia and
  • improving sleep quality.
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00383643 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
Not Provided
  • Secondary aims:
  • To compare the magnitude of sleep improvement sodium oxybate produces with that of zolpidem tartrate.
  • To compare and contrast the profile of effects of oxybate and zolpidem on sleep architecture, sleep
  • latency, wake after sleep onset, and sleep efficiency.
  • To explore the extent to which sodium oxybate and zolpidem tartrate improve daytime functions that are
  • adversely affected by poor/inadequate sleep.
  • To assess the extent of rebound insomnia that is associated with abrupt discontinuation of sodium oxybate
  • and zolpidem tartrate.
Not Provided
Not Provided
 
Xyrem(Sodium Oxybate) and Ambien(Zolpidem Tartrate) in the Treatment of Chronic Insomnia.
Xyrem(Sodium Oxybate) and Ambien(Zolpidem Tartrate) in the Treatment of Chronic Insomnia: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Double-Dummy, Placebo-Controlled, Parallel-Group Study.
The primary purpose of the study is to evaluate the long term efficacy of sodium oxybate (Xyrem®) and zolpidem tartrate (Ambien®) in treating chronic insomnia. We will compare the efficacy of sodium oxybate with zolpidem tartrate (Ambien®), and compare the efficacy of each of these two medications with placebos.

Primary aim:

1. To assess the long term efficacy of sodium oxybate and zolpidem tartrate in reducing insomnia and improving sleep quality as assessed by a range of self-reported measures.

Questionnaires and Rating Scales: Subjects completed the following questionnaires and scales: Insomnia Severity Index, Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS), Beck Depression Inventory, Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), Profile of Mood States-Fatigue (POMS). These questionnaires were administered at study baseline, treatment week 4, 8 and 12.

Clinical Global Impression (CGI). The CGI is a clinician-rated scale composed of two subscales that measure disease severity and degree of change, respectively. CGI-Severity (CGI-S) is a single-item, global scale of disease severity that requires the investigator to compare the patient's symptoms with those of all other patients who have the disorder. It is scored from 1 (normal) to 6 (among the most extremely ill of patients). CGI-Change (CGI-C) is a single-item scale of symptomatic improvement or worsening that requires the investigator to compare the patient's status at the time of assessment with baseline severity (baseline CGI-S). One study investigator performed all CGI-S and CGI-C ratings for all subjects.

Randomization. After completing all baseline procedures, eligible subjects were randomized to receive either a combination of active SXB and placebo ZOL (pZOL), active ZOL and placebo SXB (pSXB), or pSXB and pZOL, in a 1:1:1 parallel double-dummy design. A member of the study team who had no contact with subjects and no other role in this study was responsible for preparing study medications according to a randomization schedule. ZOL was encapsulated in lactose powder filled gelatin capsules to be indistinguishable from placebo capsules. Liquid pSXB was designed to match active SXB in appearance, taste and consistency. Subjects were given both liquid and capsule study medications, to maintain the double dummy design. Due to the flexible dose design of this study, subjects and investigators were not blinded to the dosages of study medication/placebo. All subjects were instructed to start study medication at 2.25 grams of SXB/pSXB and 5mg of ZOL/pZOL at bedtime. One study investigator reviewed all potential known side effects of SXB and ZOL prior to dosing, and subjects were instructed to take study medications at the bedside immediately before attempting to sleep, as is the standard administration for SXB.

Interventional
Phase 2
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Triple (Participant, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders
  • Drug: zolpidem tartrate
    Other Names:
    • Ambien
    • Zolpidem
  • Drug: sodium oxybate
    Other Name: Xyrem
  • Drug: Matching Placebos
    Other Names:
    • Placebo
    • Sugar pill
  • Placebo Comparator: Placebo
    Eligible subjects randomized to this arm received placebo as gelatin capsule and a liquid capsule to fully maintain the blind.
    Intervention: Drug: Matching Placebos
  • Active Comparator: Zolpidem tartrate
    Eligible subjects randomized to this arm received zolpidem as gelatin capsule and a placebo liquid capsule to fully maintain the blind.
    Interventions:
    • Drug: zolpidem tartrate
    • Drug: Matching Placebos
  • Active Comparator: Sodium oxybate
    Eligible subjects randomized to this arm received placebo as gelatin capsule and a sodium oxybate capsule to fully maintain the blind.
    Interventions:
    • Drug: sodium oxybate
    • Drug: Matching Placebos
Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Completed
48
December 2009
December 2009   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Written informed consent is obtained.
  2. The patient is an outpatient, man or woman of any ethnic origin, 18-75 years of age (inclusive).
  3. Patient reports insomnia for at least six months, and insomnia causes the patient distress.
  4. The Investigator determines that the patient meets diagnostic criteria for Chronic Insomnia according to International Classification of Sleep Disorders (ICSD) criteria.
  5. Sleep diary based screening shows sleep onset latency >30 minutes, and /or wake after sleep onset >30 minutes per night at least 3 nights per week, with combined wake-time-in-bed _> 45 minutes.
  6. The patient is in good health as determined by a medical and psychiatric history, and physical examination.
  7. Women must be surgically sterile, 2 years post-menopausal, or if of child-bearing potential, using a medically accepted method of birth control, and agree to continued use of this method for the duration of the study.
  8. The patient is willing and able to comply with study restrictions and to attend regularly scheduled clinic visits as specified in this protocol.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Has any clinically significant, uncontrolled medical or psychiatric conditions. (treated or untreated)
  2. Has a probable diagnosis of a current sleep disorder other than Chronic Insomnia.
  3. Used any prescription drugs disallowed by the protocol or clinically significant use of over-the counter(OTC) drugs within 14 days before the screening visit.
  4. Has a history of alcohol, narcotic, or any other abuse as defined by the DSM-V.
  5. Has a clinically significant deviation from normal in the physical examination.
  6. Is a pregnant or lactating woman. (Any woman becoming pregnant during the study will be withdrawn from the study.)
  7. Has any disorder that may interfere with drug absorption, distribution, metabolism, or excretion (including gastrointestinal surgery and succinic semialdehyde dehydrogenase deficiency)
  8. Has a known clinically significant drug sensitivity to sodium oxybate or sedative hypnotics.
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
18 Years to 75 Years   (Adult, Senior)
No
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
 
 
NCT00383643
95900
Not Provided
Not Provided
Not Provided
Jed E Black, Stanford University
Stanford University
Not Provided
Principal Investigator: Jed E Black, MD Stanford University
Stanford University
April 2017

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP