HIV Risk Reduction and Drug Abuse Treatment in Malaysia

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00383045
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : October 2, 2006
Last Update Posted : February 24, 2009
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
Information provided by:
Yale University

September 28, 2006
October 2, 2006
February 24, 2009
April 2003
Not Provided
  • Time to resumption of heroin use
  • Time to relapse
  • Maximum consecutive weeks of opiate abstinence
  • Reduction of HIV risks
Same as current
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00383045 on Archive Site
  • Addiction-related functional status
  • Adverse events
Same as current
Not Provided
Not Provided
HIV Risk Reduction and Drug Abuse Treatment in Malaysia
HIV Risk Reduction and Drug Abuse Treatment in Malaysia
A randomized clinical trial comparing drug abuse and HIV risk reduction counseling (DC-HIV) alone, DC-HIV combined with naltrexone maintenance, and DC-HIV combined with buprenorphine maintenance for the treatment of heroin addicts in Malaysia.
Combining drug abuse and HIV risk reduction counseling with opioid agonist maintenance treatment (OMT) or antagonist maintenance treatment with naltrexone (NMT) is effective for reducing illicit drug use and preventing HIV transmission associated with heroin dependence, but support for NMT and OMT remains tenuous in many Western Pacific countries (e.g., Malaysia, Indonesia and Singapore) where heroin addiction and HIV infection are epidemic and closely linked due to injection drug use (IDU) and high-risk sexual behaviors among addicts. Promising results of NMT in Malaysia have created interest in evaluating OMT using buprenorphine (BMT) and comparing the efficacy of counseling alone and counseling combined with BMT or NMT. This 24-week, randomized double blind clinical trial compares the efficacy for preventing heroin use and relapse and reducing HIV risk behaviors of manual-guided, HIV risk reduction and drug counseling (DC-HIV) alone or when combined with buprenorphine maintenance treatment (BMT) or naltrexone maintenance treatment (NMT) for recently detoxified and currently abstinent heroin dependent patients (N=180) in Malaysia (Specific Aim 1). The study will allow evaluation of 3 hypotheses: DC-HIV plus naltrexone is superior to DC-HIV alone; DC-HIV plus buprenorphine is superior to DC-HIV alone; and DC-HIV plus naltrexone is superior to DC-HIV plus buprenorphine. Primary outcome measures, assessed by 3x/wk urine toxicology testing and self-report, include resumption of heroin use, 1 or 3 weeks continuous relapse and reductions in HIV risk behaviors. The project will also evaluate the characteristics of treatment-seeking heroin addicts in Malaysia (including specific risk behaviors and patterns of HIV risk behaviors; prevalence of psychiatric and other medical comorbidity; and patterns of social, family, vocational, and criminal activity and service needs—Specific Aim 2). This data will be used to revise the DC-HIV manual to address the specific circumstances and risk behaviors of Malaysian heroin addicts. Finally, the project provides clinical training for health professionals and training and mentoring in drug abuse treatment and HIV prevention research to clinical researchers who will continue development, implementation, evaluation and dissemination of HIV prevention and drug abuse treatment approaches in Malaysia after the project ends (Specific Aim 3). The results of the study will inform government policy and support for HIV prevention and drug abuse treatment efforts in Malaysia and possibly also in other Western Pacific countries.
Phase 2
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Factorial Assignment
Masking: Double
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Opiate Dependence
  • Drug: Buprenorphine/Subutex
  • Drug: Naltrexone
  • Procedure: Drug counseling
Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
Same as current
August 2007
Not Provided

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Opioid dependence

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Dependence on alcohol, benzodiazepines or sedatives
  • Suicide or homicide risk
  • Psychotic disorder or major depression
  • Inability to read or understand the protocol or assessment questions
  • Life-threatening or unstable medical problems
  • Greater than 3 times normal liver enzymes (AST, GGT)
Sexes Eligible for Study: Male
18 Years to 65 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Malaysia,   United States
R01DA014718-04( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
Not Provided
Not Provided
Not Provided
Not Provided
Yale University
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
Principal Investigator: Richard S. Schottenfeld, M.D. Yale University
Study Director: Mahmud Mazlan, M.D. Hospital Muar, Malaysia
Yale University
February 2009

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP