Use of OraQuick for Screening HIV in Children Less Than Eighteen Months Old

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00378118
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : September 19, 2006
Last Update Posted : November 6, 2007
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Information provided by:
Thrasher Research Fund

September 18, 2006
September 19, 2006
November 6, 2007
December 2006
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Sensitivity and specificity of the OraQuick rapid test [ Time Frame: one year ]
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Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00378118 on Archive Site
Acceptance of HIV testing using oral fluid [ Time Frame: one year ]
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Use of OraQuick for Screening HIV in Children Less Than Eighteen Months Old
Evaluation of the Use of OraQuick in Children Less Than Eighteen Months Old

Blood is the most commonly used specimen to test for HIV. In the past 20 years, use of saliva as an alternative specimen for HIV testing has been explored. Today, very sensitive tests have been formulated and have been used for diagnosing HIV in adults and older children. OraQuick, a rapid test, is one such example. It is a devise that can be used to collect as well test the saliva.

Most studies done on the use of saliva have been carried out in adults and have produced very good results. However very few such studies have been done in children, especially infants. In adults, use of saliva has also highlighted the advantages of ease of collection and increased acceptability of testing.

HYPOTHESIS OraQuick rapid test can detect antiHIV antibodies as well as the Abbott determine test and oral fluid testing is more acceptable than blood testing.

BACKGROUND Serological identification of antibodies to Human Immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in blood is the most widely used method to screen for HIV infection. Use of oral fluid as an alternative to blood sample has been studies the past 20 years and extremely sensitive tests that are able to detect the very low quantities of antibodies found in oral fluid have been formulated and are currently being used. OraQuick rapid test, a combination, collection and testing device that uses both blood and oral fluid was approved for used by the U.S.A, FDA in 2002 and has been tested in adults and older children.

The value of oral fluid in screening for HIV infection in adults is now well established and has been used extensively in field survey and epidemiologic studies. However, these methods have not been studied in children in whom differences in test performance might be expected. Studies in adults have also highlighted the advantages of oral fluid testing, such as ease of collection and high degree of acceptability of testing. This would make oral fluid testing a good alternative for HIV screening in infants, a challenging population in which venipuncture is often difficult or unacceptable.

Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
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Non-Probability Sample
Children admitted to the University Teaching Hospital,Lusaka,Zambia with various illnesses and aged less than 18 months old
HIV Antibody Testing
  • Other: Abbott-rapid HIV antibody test
    Abbott will be used to test serum or whole blood
  • Other: OraQuick Rapid HIV-1/2 Antibody test
    OraQuick for oral fluid HIV antibody testing
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Tess BH, Granato C, Parry JV, Santos VA, Lago TG, Newell ML, Dunn DT, Rodrigues LC. Salivary testing for human immunodeficiency virus type 1 infection in children born to infected mothers in Sao Paulo, Brazil. The Sao Paulo Collaborative Study for Vertical Transmission of HIV-1. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 1996 Sep;15(9):787-90.

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
September 2007
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Inclusion Criteria:

  • Children aged less than 18 months
  • Admission to the Department of Pediatrics for any condition
  • Consent from caregiver for HIV testing using both oral fluid and blood r

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Age of more than 18 months
  • Refusal of consent by caregiver
  • Outpatients
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
up to 18 Months   (Child)
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
IRB00001131 of IORG0000774
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Thrasher Research Fund
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Principal Investigator: Catherine M Chunda, Medicine University of Zambia/University Teaching Hospital
Thrasher Research Fund
November 2007