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Insomnia and Osteoarthritis Study

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00374556
First Posted: September 11, 2006
Last Update Posted: November 9, 2017
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Johns Hopkins University
September 8, 2006
September 11, 2006
August 25, 2017
November 9, 2017
November 9, 2017
January 2006
December 2013   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
  • Wake After Sleep Onset (WASO) [ Time Frame: Mean of baseline, 6 week follow-up, and 12 week follow-up ]
    Total minutes of wakefulness recorded after sleep onset. (Recorded in Daily Sleep Diary) WASO= time awake in the middle of the night, not counting SL or time in bed after awakening. Recorded in minutes
  • Time in Bed [ Time Frame: Mean of baseline, 6 week follow-up, and 12 week follow-up ]
    Total time in bed, in minutes
  • Sleep Latency (SL) [ Time Frame: Mean of baseline, 6 week follow-up, and 12 week follow-up ]
    Sleep Latency: time taken to fall asleep, in minutes (as recorded in daily sleep diary)
  • Number of Awakenings [ Time Frame: Mean of baseline, 6 week follow-up, and 12 week follow-up ]
    As recorded in daily sleep diary
  • Total Sleep Time (TST) [ Time Frame: Mean of baseline, 6 week follow-up, and 12 week follow-up ]
    minutes spent asleep as recorded in daily sleep diary
  • Sleep Efficiency (SE) [ Time Frame: Mean of baseline, 6 week follow-up, and 12 week follow-up ]
    [(TST/ TIB)X 100], (%) as recorded in daily sleep diary
  • Sleep Quality (SQ) [ Time Frame: Mean of baseline, 6 week follow-up, and 12 week follow-up ]
    As recorded in daily sleep diary. Visual analog scales (VAS) Sleep Quality Ratings 0-100, 0= extremely poor sleep quality, (shallow and unrefreshing) and 100=excellent sleep quality (deep and refreshing)
  • WASO as Assessed by Actigraphy [ Time Frame: Mean of baseline, 6 week follow-up, and 12 week follow-up ]
    Subjects wore a Mini Mitter Actiwatch for two continuous weeks at each assessment periods to provide an objective index compared to the assessments made by daily sleep journal. Device is lightweight and worn on non-dominant wrist and contains and omni-directional accelerometer. The accelerometer records the occurrence and degree of motion with a minimal resultant force of .01g. Data are stored as activity counts within a specified epoch. WASO recorded by device = total minutes of wakefulness after sleep onset, in minutes.
  • TST as Assessed by Actigraphy [ Time Frame: Mean of baseline, 6 week follow-up, and 12 week follow-up ]
    Subjects wore a Mini Mitter Actiwatch for two continuous weeks at each assessment periods to provide an objective index compared to the assessments made by daily sleep journal. Device is lightweight and worn on non-dominant wrist and contains and omni-directional accelerometer. The accelerometer records the occurrence and degree of motion with a minimal resultant force of .01g. Data are stored as activity counts within a specified epoch. TST recorded by device = total minutes spent asleep
  • Sleep Efficiency as Assessed by Actigraphy [ Time Frame: Mean of baseline, 6 week follow-up, and 12 week follow-up ]
    Subjects wore a Mini Mitter Actiwatch for two continuous weeks at each assessment periods to provide an objective index compared to the assessments made by daily sleep journal. Device is lightweight and worn on non-dominant wrist and contains and omni-directional accelerometer. The accelerometer records the occurrence and degree of motion with a minimal resultant force of .01g. Data are stored as activity counts within a specified epoch. Sleep efficiency is the index of sleep percentage recorded, equal to total sleep time divided by the time in bed X 100 = X%.
  • Sleep Latency as Assessed by Actigraphy [ Time Frame: Mean of baseline, 6 week follow-up, and 12 week follow-up ]
    Subjects wore a Mini Mitter Actiwatch for two continuous weeks at each assessment periods to provide an objective index compared to the assessments made by daily sleep journal. Device is lightweight and worn on non-dominant wrist and contains and omni-directional accelerometer. The accelerometer records the occurrence and degree of motion with a minimal resultant force of .01g. Data are stored as activity counts within a specified epoch. Sleep latency is the time taken to fall asleep, or equal to lights out- sleep onset (sleep onset: time when sleep is first scored after lights out, first scorable epoch).
  • Insomnia Severity Index (ISI) Mean Total Scores [ Time Frame: Mean of baseline, 6 week follow-up, and 12 week follow-up ]
    The ISI is made up of 7 questions, each possible of earning a score of 0-4, making the total range 0-28, where 0 indicates no severity/no problem with sleep and therefore no insomnia, or 28, being very severe with the highest level of insomnia
  • Diffuse Noxious Inhibitory Control (DNIC) Index Scores [ Time Frame: Mean of baseline, 6 week follow-up and 12 week follow-up ]
    PPTh:a somedic algometer's 1cm2 rubber probe was placed over muscle belly, with pressure increasing steadily at constant rate (30kPA/Sec), until subject indicated that s/he "first felt pain." PPTh ratings were obtained on right brachioradialis & right trapezius in a random order (average was taken from both areas at each time point). During each cold pressor task, participants immersed contralateral hand (left) up to wrist, in a circulating cold water bath maintained at 4°C. 20 seconds after commencing hand immersion, PPTh was re-assessed on either right brachioradialis or right trapezius (the same site as baseline assessment). After PPTh assessment, participants removed hands from water. DNIC was measured as the % change in PPTh during cold pressor, relative to baseline PPTh [i.e., (mean PPTh during cold pressor / mean PPTh prior to cold pressor)*100]. Increase in PPTh during cold pressor (i.e., percentage scores above 100) reflects normal functioning of pain-inhibitory processes.
  • Temporal Summation (TS) [ Time Frame: Mean of baseline, 6 week follow-up and 12 week follow-up at 46, 48, and 50 degrees C ]
    TS :maximum windup pain rating - first windup pain rating (0-100). Contact heat stimuli at non tissue damaging temperatures were delivered using computer driven, peltier-element-based stimulator (Medoc, TSA II), with a 9 cm2 probe applied to left forearm. In order to assess temporal summation, three sequences of 10 heat pulses each (with stimulus temperatures of 46 degrees C, 48 degrees C, and 50 degrees C, in random order) were applied to left dorsal forearm. The thermode remains in fixed position during administration of 10 heat pulses that constitute a sequence. Within each sequence, successive thermal pulses at a given temperature are delivered for a duration of approximately 0.5 sec each, with a 2.5-sec inter-pulse interval. The rate of rise & fall of the thermode temp. is set at the device max .of 10 degrees C / S. Subjects verbally rate the perceived intensity of each thermal pulse on a 0-100 rating scale & may terminate the procedure at any time.100=max tolerable intensity
  • Mean Level of Pain Experienced Throughout the Day [ Time Frame: Mean of baseline, 6 week follow-up and 12 week follow-up ]
    Assessed using a Daily Pain Diary with a scale 0-100, 0 being no pain, 100 being the most severe/intense
  • Pain as Assessed by the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Index of Osteoarthritis (WOMAC) Pain Severity Subscale [ Time Frame: Mean of baseline, 6 week follow-up and 12 week follow-up ]
    The WOMAC is a quality of scale life made up of three domains, pain, stiffness, and disability which each comprising of 5, 2, and 7 questions, respectively. A VAS was used for each subscale. Pain was assessed on a scale of 0-100, with 0 being absolutely no pain and 100 being maximum pain.
  • Two-week average sleep diary and actigraphy measures of Wake After Sleep Onset Time; measured at six weeks.
  • Laboratory Pain Sensitivity Measures; levels at six weeks.
  • Two-week average diary ratings of pain severity; score at six weeks.
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00374556 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
  • Heat Pain Threshold [ Time Frame: Mean of baseline, 6 week follow-up and 12 week follow-up ]
    Contact heat stimuli at non tissue damaging temperatures were delivered using computer driven, peltier-element-based stimulator (Medoc, TSA II), with a 9 cm2 probe applied to the left forearm. The thermode was affixed snugly via Velcro straps to ensure even skin contact and repositioned to an adjacent site after each trial to minimize sensitizationHPTh was assessed on the left ventral forearm using an ascending method of limits paradigm; from a non-painful 32°C baseline, the temperature was steadily increased at 0.5°C/sec. Two trials of heat pain threshold were conducted. Averages of both trials are presented from respective time point below. Subjects push a button when the stimulus "first feels painful" The temperature (degrees Celsius) at the time button is pushed is automatically recorded.
  • Heat Pain Tolerance (HPTOL) [ Time Frame: Mean of baseline, 6 week follow-up and 12 week follow-up ]
    Contact heat stimuli at non tissue damaging temperatures were delivered using computer driven, peltier-element-based stimulator (Medoc, TSA II), with a 9 cm2 probe applied to the left forearm. The thermode was affixed snugly via Velcro straps to ensure even skin contact and repositioned to an adjacent site after each trial to minimize sensitization. HPTOL was assessed on the left ventral forearm using an ascending method of limits paradigm; from a non-painful 32°C baseline, the temperature was steadily increased at 0.5°C/sec. Two trials of HPTOL were conducted. An average of both trials at each respective time point is presented below. Subjects push a button when the stimulus "becomes intolerable." The temperature (degrees Celsius) at the time button is pushed to terminate the stimulation is automatically recorded.
  • Pressure Pain Threshold [ Time Frame: Mean of baseline, 6 week follow-up and 12 week follow-up ]
    A Somedic algometer was used to assess pressure pain threshold (PPTh) similar to previous studies. The algometer's 1cm2 rubber probe was placed over the muscle belly, with the pressure increased steadily at a constant rate (30kPA/Sec), until the subject indicated that s/he "first felt pain." PPTh was assessed 2 times each, bilaterally, at (in a randomized order) the masseter muscle trapezius muscle, and at the proximal third of the brachioradialis muscle (forearm). The scores from each location were averaged for each participant at that respective time point. The same site was never stimulated consecutively. At least 90 s were maintained between successive stimuli
  • Quality of Life as Assessed by the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Index of Osteoarthritis (WOMAC) Disability Subscale [ Time Frame: Mean of baseline, 6 week follow-up and 12 week follow-up ]
    The WOMAC is a quality of scale life made up of three domains, pain, stiffness, and disability which each comprising of 5, 2, and 7 questions, respectively. A VAS was used for each subscale. Disability was assessed on a VAS of 0-100, with 0 being absolutely no disability and 100 being maximum disability.
  • Quality of Life as Assessed by the Short Form-36 (SF-36) Physical Health Component Summary [ Time Frame: Mean of baseline, 6 week follow-up and 12 week follow-up ]
    The SF-36 is a broad, well normed measure of quality of life, comprised of 36 questions aggregated into 8 domains/dimensions. The Physical Component Summary was used here as a global index of physical health functioning. Scale 0-100, with 0 being worst functional level, 100 being the best.
  • Quality of Life as Assessed by the Short Form-36 (SF-36) Mental Health Component Summary [ Time Frame: Mean of baseline, 6 week follow-up and 12 week follow-up ]
    The SF-36 is a broad, well normed measure of quality of life, comprised of 36 questions aggregated into 8 domains/dimensions. The Mental Component Summary was used here as a global index of mental health functioning. Scale 0-100, with 0 being worst functional level, 100 being the best.
  • Joint Stiffness as Assessed by the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Index of Osteoarthritis (WOMAC) Joint Stiffness Subscale [ Time Frame: Mean of baseline, 6 week follow-up and 12 week follow-up ]
    The WOMAC is a quality of scale life made up of three domains, pain, stiffness, and disability which each comprising of 5, 2, and 7 questions, respectively. A VAS was used for each subscale. Joint Stiffness was assessed on a VAS scale of 0-20, with 0 being no joint stiffness, and 20 being maximum stiffness.
  • WOMAC Disability & Joint Stiffness Indices; measured at 12 weeks.
  • Quality of Life (SF-36); measured at 12 weeks.
  • Insomnia Severity Index; measured at 12 weeks.
Not Provided
Not Provided
 
Insomnia and Osteoarthritis Study
The Efficacy of Eszopiclone (Lunesta) for Chronic Insomnia Associated With Osteoarthritis.
This research is being done to evaluate the effects of a sleeping pill (eszopiclone, Lunesta)in patients with arthritis of the knee who also suffer from chronic insomnia. This study will test whether Lunesta improves sleep, pain sensitivity, and daytime symptoms in patients with knee pain.
Not Provided
Interventional
Not Provided
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
  • Osteoarthritis
  • Insomnia
  • Drug: Placebo
    3mg placebo capsule, once daily at bedtime
  • Drug: Eszopiclone
    3mg capsule, once daily at bedtime
  • Experimental: Eszoplicone
    Eszoplicone 3mg capsules, once daily at bedtime for 12 weeks
    Intervention: Drug: Eszopiclone
  • Placebo Comparator: Placebo
    3mg placebo capsule, once daily at bedtime for 12 weeks
    Intervention: Drug: Placebo
Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Completed
105
December 2013
December 2013   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Age 18-64
  • Diagnosed with and under physicians care for osteoarthritis of the knee according to American College of Rheumatology Criteria with radiographic evidence demonstrating at least grade 1 osteoarthritis (OA)
  • Report at least typical arthritic pain>4 out of 10 (0=no pain, 10=the most extreme pain imaginable)
  • Meet Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and International Classification of Sleep Disorders, Revised definition (ICSD-R) criteria for either primary (psychophysiologic) insomnia or insomnia secondary to osteoarthritis
  • Insomnia symptoms must include problems with middle of the night awakenings
  • Insomnia symptom duration > 6 months
  • Baseline, 2-week, sleep diary average wake after sleep onset time >30 minutes
  • Baseline self-reported total sleep time < 6.5 hours per night
  • Patients taking NSAID therapy for pain must be on a stable dose for a period of at least one month prior to initiating the study

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Intrinsic sleep disorders other than insomnia (sleep apnea, periodic limb movement disorder, etc)
  • Significant rheumatologic or chronic pain disorders other than osteoarthritis of the knee, including fibromyalgia or the complaint of widespread pain impacting 4 quadrants, complex regional pain syndrome, post herpetic neuralgia, etc)
  • Major medical disease (including, hepatic impairment, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease/compromised respiratory function, cancer, dementia, diabetes, congestive heart failure, cerebrovascular disease, raynaud's syndrome)
  • Active major psychiatric disorders (including dementia or cognitive impairment) and history of schizophrenia or bipolar I disorder
  • History of serious suicide attempt; 6) history of alcohol or substance (including prescription medications) abuse
  • Pregnancy or plans to become pregnant within 6 months
  • Intraarticular steroid injection within the past month
  • Regular (>3 days/week) use of antidepressants, antipsychotics, and mood stabilizers, within the past two months
  • Regular (> 3/week) use of myorelaxants, narcotics, sedative hypnotics, and anticonvulsants within the past one month
  • Unwilling or unable to discontinue all use of the medications listed in #10 for two weeks prior to starting the study
  • Unwilling or unable to discontinue all centrally acting agents and all analgesic usage within 24 hours of pain testing sessions
  • Refusal to provide consent to contact patient's physician to establish diagnosis and obtain medical record information
  • Regular tobacco or nicotine use
  • Heavy caffeine use [(>2 cups of coffee/day (equivalent)
  • History of previous allergic reaction or severe side effects to sedative hypnotics
  • Use of potent CYP3A4 inhibitors (e.g., ketoconazole, itraconazole, clarithromycin, troleandomycin, ritonavir, nelfinavir)
  • In addition, subjects will undergo in-laboratory blood tests prior to receiving drug and will be excluded from further participation if they exhibit: a) positive pregnancy test, b) positive toxicology (benzodiazepine, opioids, Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), alcohol, and stimulants), c) abnormal liver enzyme panel
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
18 Years to 64 Years   (Adult)
No
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
 
 
NCT00374556
NA_00001703
Not Provided
Not Provided
Not Provided
Johns Hopkins University
Johns Hopkins University
Not Provided
Principal Investigator: Michael T. Smith, Ph.D. Johns Hopkins University
Johns Hopkins University
October 2017

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP