Efficacy of Pimozide Augmentation for Clozapine Partial Response

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Stanley Medical Research Institute
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Yale University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00374244
First received: September 7, 2006
Last updated: February 4, 2016
Last verified: February 2016

September 7, 2006
February 4, 2016
January 2004
June 2011   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
  • Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS) Total Score [ Time Frame: Baseline ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS) is an 18‐item instrument. The items are anchored on a 7‐point scale (higher rating: greater severity). Total scores range from 18 to 126 (higher score: greater severity). The instrument covers areas including: somatic concerns, anxiety, emotional withdrawal, conceptual disorganization, guilt feelings, tension, mannerisms and posturing, grandiosity, depressive mood, hostility, suspiciousness, hallucinatory behavior, motor retardation, uncooperativeness, unusual thought content, blunted affect, excitement and disorientation.
  • Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS) Total Score [ Time Frame: Endpoint (12 weeks) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS) is an 18‐item instrument. The items are anchored on a 7‐point scale (higher rating: greater severity). Total scores range from 18 to 126 (higher score: greater severity). The instrument covers areas including: somatic concerns, anxiety, emotional withdrawal, conceptual disorganization, guilt feelings, tension, mannerisms and posturing, grandiosity, depressive mood, hostility, suspiciousness, hallucinatory behavior, motor retardation, uncooperativeness, unusual thought content, blunted affect, excitement and disorientation.
  • Scale for the Assessment of Negative Symptoms (SANS) [ Time Frame: baseline ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The Scale for the Assessment of Negative Symptoms (SANS) is a rating scale to measure negative symptoms in schizophrenia. The scale has 25 items (20 individual and 5 global) rated on scale of 0‐5 (higher rating: greater severity). SANS is split into 5 domains, and within each domain separate symptoms are rated from 0 (absent) to 5 (severe). Domains include: Affective Flattening or Blunting, Alogia, Avolition - Apathy, Anhedonia - Asociality, Attention. The total range of the SANS is from 0 to 120.
  • Scale for the Assessment of Negative Symptoms (SANS) [ Time Frame: Endpoint (12 weeks) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The Scale for the Assessment of Negative Symptoms (SANS) is a rating scale to measure negative symptoms in schizophrenia. The scale has 25 items (20 individual and 5 global) rated on scale of 0‐5 (higher rating: greater severity). SANS is split into 5 domains, and within each domain separate symptoms are rated from 0 (absent) to 5 (severe). Domains include: Affective Flattening or Blunting, Alogia, Avolition - Apathy, Anhedonia - Asociality, Attention. The total range of the SANS is from 0 to 120.
  • Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS)
  • Scale for the Assessment of Negative Symptoms (SANS)
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00374244 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
  • CGI Severity of Illness Scale (CGI‐S) [ Time Frame: baseline ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    CGI Severity of Illness Scale (CGI‐S) assesses severity of illness on 1‐7 scale. Clinicians' experience is used to gauge the severity of illness from 'normal' (value=1) to 'among the most extremely ill patients' (value=7). The higher rating correlates with more severely ill.
  • CGI Severity of Illness Scale (CGI‐S) [ Time Frame: Endpoint (12 weeks) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    CGI Severity of Illness Scale (CGI‐S) assesses severity of illness on 1‐7 scale. Clinicians' experience is used to gauge the severity of illness from 'normal' (value=1) to 'among the most extremely ill patients' (value=7). The higher rating correlates with more severely ill.
  • CGI Improvement Scale (CGI‐I) [ Time Frame: Endpoint (12 weeks) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    CGI Improvement Scale (CGI‐I) higher rating correlates with worsening of condition (vs. improvement with lower rating). The CGI-I is scored from 1 to 7 where 1 = 'very much improved' and 7 = 'very much worse'. Clinicians are asked to rate total improvement in the following manner: "...in your judgement, it is due entirely to drug treatment. Compared to his condition at admission to the project, how much has he changed?"
  • Verbal Fluency [ Time Frame: Baseline ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Verbal fluency was measured using the Controlled Word Association Test (COWAT). There is no range for this measure, as it is not a scale. The subjects can generate as many new words as they can, so there is no maximum. The greater the number of words one generates indicates better performance.
  • Verbal Fluency [ Time Frame: Endpoint (12 weeks) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Verbal fluency was measured using the Controlled Word Association Test (COWAT). There is no range for this measure, as it is not a scale. The subjects can generate as many new words as they can, so there is no maximum. The greater the number of words one generates indicates better performance.
  • QTc [ Time Frame: Baseline ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    The QT interval is a measure of the time between the start of the Q wave and the end of the T wave in the heart. ECG machines calculate a corrected QT (QTc). QTc is the corrected QT interval in the EKG. Normal range is from 430-470ms.
  • QTc [ Time Frame: Endpoint (12 weeks) ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    The QT interval is a measure of the time between the start of the Q wave and the end of the T wave in the heart. ECG machines calculate a corrected QT (QTc). QTc is the corrected QT interval in the EKG. Normal range is from 430-470ms.
  • Processing Speed [ Time Frame: Baseline ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Processing speed was assessed using using Digit Symbol Coding from the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale, Revised (WAIS-R). The tool is used for the assessment of processing speed. The range of scores is 0 to 100- with the higher number indicating greater performance.
  • Processing Speed [ Time Frame: Endpoint (12 weeks) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Processing speed was assessed using using Digit Symbol Coding from the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale, Revised (WAIS-R). The tool is used for the assessment of processing speed. The range of scores is 0 to 100- with the higher number indicating greater performance.
  • Verbal Learning and Memory: List A [ Time Frame: Baseline ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Verbal learning and memory were assessed by the Rey Auditory Verbal Learning Test (RAVLT) List A: Total Trials (1-5). This assessment consists of a list of words that the subject repeats back, it does not have an interpret-able range of scores like a traditional scale. Scores are based on number of words repeated back.
  • Verbal Learning and Memory: List A [ Time Frame: Endpoint (12 weeks) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Verbal learning and memory were assessed by the Rey Auditory Verbal Learning Test (RAVLT) List A: Total Trials (1-5). This assessment consists of a list of words that the subject repeats back, it does not have an interpret-able range of scores like a traditional scale. Scores are based on number of words repeated back.
  • Verbal Learning and Memory: List B [ Time Frame: Baseline ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Verbal learning and memory were assessed by the Rey Auditory Verbal Learning Test (RAVLT) List B: Single Trial. This assessment consists of a list of words that the subject repeats back, it does not have an interpret-able range of scores like a traditional scale. Scores are based on number of words repeated back.
  • Verbal Learning and Memory: List B [ Time Frame: Endpoint (12 weeks) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Verbal learning and memory were assessed by the Rey Auditory Verbal Learning Test (RAVLT) List B: Single Trial. This assessment consists of a list of words that the subject repeats back, it does not have an interpret-able range of scores like a traditional scale. Scores are based on number of words repeated back.
  • Trail Making Test: Trail A [ Time Frame: Baseline ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Working memory by Digit Span and Letter Number Sequencing, and attention/executive functions were measured by the Trail Making Test (Parts A and B). This is an assessment of attention/executive function, it does not have an interpret-able range of scores like a traditional scale. Subjects makes trails on paper against time.
  • Trail Making Test: Trail A [ Time Frame: Endpoint (12 weeks) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

    The Trail Making Test is a neuropsychological test of visual attention and task switching. It consists of two parts in which the subject is instructed to connect a set of 25 dots as fast as possible while still maintaining accuracy. ( Arnett, James A.; Seth S. Labovitz (1995). "Effect of physical layout in performance of the Trail Making Test". Psychological Assessment 7 (2): 220-221. doi:10.1037/1040-3590.7.2.220. Retrieved 2012-02-22.)

    Part A is used primarily to examine cognitive processing speed. Part B, in which the subject alternates between numbers and letters, is used to examine executive functioning. (Tombaugh, T.N.T.N (2004). "Trail Making test A and B: Normative Data Stratified by Age and Education". Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology : The Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists 19 (2): 203-214. doi:10.1016/s0887-6177(03)00039-8. Retrieved 2012-01-10.)

  • Trail Making Test: Trail B [ Time Frame: Baseline ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

    The Trail Making Test is a neuropsychological test of visual attention and task switching. It consists of two parts in which the subject is instructed to connect a set of 25 dots as fast as possible while still maintaining accuracy. ( Arnett, James A.; Seth S. Labovitz (1995). "Effect of physical layout in performance of the Trail Making Test". Psychological Assessment 7 (2): 220-221. doi:10.1037/1040-3590.7.2.220. Retrieved 2012-02-22.)

    Part A is used primarily to examine cognitive processing speed. Part B, in which the subject alternates between numbers and letters, is used to examine executive functioning. (Tombaugh, T.N.T.N (2004). "Trail Making test A and B: Normative Data Stratified by Age and Education". Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology : The Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists 19 (2): 203-214. doi:10.1016/s0887-6177(03)00039-8. Retrieved 2012-01-10.)

  • Trail Making Test: Trail B [ Time Frame: Endpoint (12 weeks) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

    The Trail Making Test is a neuropsychological test of visual attention and task switching. It consists of two parts in which the subject is instructed to connect a set of 25 dots as fast as possible while still maintaining accuracy. ( Arnett, James A.; Seth S. Labovitz (1995). "Effect of physical layout in performance of the Trail Making Test". Psychological Assessment 7 (2): 220-221. doi:10.1037/1040-3590.7.2.220. Retrieved 2012-02-22.)

    Part A is used primarily to examine cognitive processing speed. Part B, in which the subject alternates between numbers and letters, is used to examine executive functioning. (Tombaugh, T.N.T.N (2004). "Trail Making test A and B: Normative Data Stratified by Age and Education". Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology : The Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists 19 (2): 203-214. doi:10.1016/s0887-6177(03)00039-8. Retrieved 2012-01-10.)

  • Structured Clinical Interview for Axis I DSM-IV Disorders (SCID DSM-IV)
  • Socioeconomic status (SES)
  • Clinical Global Impression (CGI)
  • Schedule for the Deficit Syndrome
  • Straus Carpenter Levels of Function
  • Modified Barnes Akathisia Scale
  • Simpson-Angus Scale for extrapyramidal symptoms (EPS)
  • Abnormal Involuntary Movement Scale (AIMS)
  • Plasma prolactin level
  • Weight
  • Weekly occurrence form
  • Brief neurocognitive battery
Not Provided
Not Provided
 
Efficacy of Pimozide Augmentation for Clozapine Partial Response
Efficacy of Pimozide Augmentation for Clozapine Partial Response

This is a 12 week outpatient study for patients with schizophrenia who are on Clozapine, but continue to experience symptoms. The purpose of this project is to find out if small doses of pimozide (an antipsychotic medication, taken by mouth) will be helpful in reducing symptoms (such as hearing voices, having trouble in organizing your thoughts, lack of interest in life events and social activities), compared to placebo (an inactive substance, "sugar pill"), when added to clozapine in patients with schizophrenia.

The participant will be asked to come in once a week to meet with the research staff and study doctor. The participant will continue to see your regular clinician during this study for all normal appointments. The participant will remain on your current medications throughout the study. During the study you will be randomly selected to be put on a small dose of Pimozide or placebo.

If you choose to participate, you will first have screening tests to find out if you are eligible. The study physician will do a number of tests including a physical examination, a routine medical history, lab tests for blood and urine, and EKG (to monitor your heart) and interviews about your physical and mental health.

At each visit you will complete an EKG (to monitor your heart), vital signs, and discuss how you are feeling with the research staff and doctor. Once a month, we will also conduct a slightly longer interview with you about your symptoms and draw one tube of blood to check your Clozapine level. At the beginning and end of the study, you will do some pencil and paper games called "Neurocognitive tests".

If you are interested in participating in this study, we will go over it in greater detail with you, including the possible benefits and risks associated with participating. We will make sure you understand the study before you begin. This study is completely voluntary, which means that you can choose to stop participating in the study at any time.

Interventional
Phase 2
Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Schizophrenia
  • Drug: Pimozide
    half of the subjects are randomized to the active drug group
  • Drug: placebo
    half of the subjects are randomized to placebo group
  • Placebo Comparator: 1
    placebo pimozide
    Intervention: Drug: placebo
  • Active Comparator: 2
    active pimozide
    Intervention: Drug: Pimozide
Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Completed
28
June 2011
June 2011   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Diagnosis of schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder.
  • A minimum Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS) score of 35 and a BPRS psychotic symptom cluster score of at least 8.
  • Currently taking clozapine with a blood level between 350-1000 ng/ml and on a stable dose of clozapine for the past 2 weeks.
  • Able to give informed consent.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • A history of significant medical/neurological disease such as thyroid, renal, hepatic abnormality, seizure disorder.
  • History of Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome.
  • Current substance abuse determined by urine toxicology.
  • Cardiac arrhythmia, sinus bradycardia (heart rate less than 60/min), sinus tachycardia (heart rate greater than 110/min), supraventricular tachycardia, ventricular tachycardia, Wolff-Parkinson-White Syndrome, first, second, third degree atrioventricular (AV) block, atrial fibrillation, atrial flutter and junctional complexes. in baseline electrocardiogram (EKG). Study doctors will examine the EKGs and consult with an internist/cardiologist as needed.
  • on EKG: QTc > 450 ms.
  • Current use of macrolide antibiotics (e.g., erythromycin, clarithromycin), azole antifungal agents (e.g., ketoconazole, itraconazole), protease inhibitors (e.g., ritonavir, indinavir), nefazodone, and other medications that are associated with prolonged QTc.
  • Current use of antipsychotics other than clozapine.
  • Current use of sertraline.
  • IQ level below 70.
  • At high risk for suicidal/homicidal behavior.
  • Pregnancy, lack of birth control for females of childbearing age (female patients must report use of effective method for birth control such as birth control pills, condoms, barrier methods, abstinence or have written statement from their doctors that they are medically sterile).
  • Non-English speaking.
Both
18 Years to 60 Years
No
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
 
NCT00374244
02T-251
No
Not Provided
Not Provided
Yale University
Yale University
Stanley Medical Research Institute
Principal Investigator: Handan Gunduz-Bruce, MD Yale University School of Medicine, Dept of Psychiatry
Yale University
February 2016

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP