KRN7000 in Chronic Hepatitis B

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00363155
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : August 15, 2006
Last Update Posted : August 15, 2006
Information provided by:
Foundation for Liver Research

August 10, 2006
August 15, 2006
August 15, 2006
March 2003
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To determine safety and tolerability
Same as current
No Changes Posted
  • To evaluate effectiveness in reducing HBV DNA load
  • To evaluate effectiveness in inducing immunological responses
  • TO evaluate effectiveness in normalization of ALT
Same as current
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KRN7000 in Chronic Hepatitis B
Phase I/II Trial of KRN7000 in Patients With Chronic Hepatitis B Infection
The purpose of this trial is to determine the safety, tolerability and effectiveness of KRN7000 for chronic hepatitis B infection.

KRN7000 is reported to inhibit HBV replication in HBV transgenic mice. Anti-viral effects of KRN7000 can be expected in HBV, as the compound is able to induce not only IFN-alpha/beta but also IFN-gamma and TNF-alpha. In two clinical trials, KRN7000 was safe in both healthy volunteers and solid cancer patients; particularly, the compound has not been reported to show drug-related serious adverse events. A phase I/II trial is of significance in assessing the safety and efficacy of KRN7000 treatment for CHB patients.

The 300 microgram/m2 dose level, comparable to 10 microgram/kg, can be considered as the highest safe dose level for the phase I/II trial for CHB patients with 3 dose levels. Dose incrementation will be performed in a logarithmic manner: 0.1, 1 and 10 microgram/kg.

In the phase I trial for solid tumor patients, weekly administration of KRN7000 did not allow sufficient time for NKT cell recovery. As KRN7000 is reported to be an activating ligand for NKT cells, it is logical to assume that a dosing interval that provides time for recovery of NKT cells is optimal. In fact, cytokine production after repeating dosing, when NKT cells were hardly detected in the peripheral blood, was not observed. As it took approximately 4 weeks for NKT cells to recover to pre-dose levels after a single administration, monthly administration is now proposed for this trial.

Phase 1
Phase 2
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Hepatitis B, Chronic
Drug: KRN7000
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*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
Same as current
July 2006
Not Provided

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Chronic hepatitis B (confirmed by a liver biopsy performed within 3 years prior to the screenings visit and HBV DNA in serum >10E5 copies/ml at the screenings visit).
  • ALT > 1.2 x ULN on two occasions documented within 8 weeks before initiation of treatment.
  • Able and likely to attend regularly for treatment and follow-up.
  • Written informed consent.
  • Adequate contraception for males and females during treatment and follow-up (written confirmation).

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients with evidence of cirrhosis.
  • Decompensated liver disease, as marked by: bilirubin greater than 20 micromol/L or serum albumin <35 g/L or prothrombin time greater than 3 seconds prolonged or Quick test below 70% or history of bleeding esophageal varices, ascites or hepatic encephalopathy.
  • Systemic IFN treatment, systemic antiviral agents, systemic corticosteroids, immune suppressive treatment or any investigational drug within 3 months of entry to this protocol.
  • Patients with ALT levels greater than 10 times ULN will not be enrolled but may be followed until three consecutive determinations within 2 months are below this level.
  • Pregnancy, or in women of child-bearing potential or in spouses of such women, inability to practice adequate contraception.
  • Significant systemic or major illnesses other than liver disease, including congestive heart failure, ischemic heart disease, angina pectoris, cerebrovascular disease, renal failure (creatinine clearance less than 50 ml/min), organ transplantation, serious psychiatric disease or depression, anaphylactic disorder.
  • Pre-existing severe cytopenia; Hb<7 mmol/L, WBC <3x10E9/L, Plt <100x10E9/L, Lymphocyte <0.5x10E9/L.
  • Any history or presence of autoimmune disease.
  • Evidence of hepatocellular carcinoma; alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) levels greater than 50 ng/ml and ultrasound (or other imaging study) within 6 months prior to the entry demonstrating a mass suggestive of liver cancer.
  • Human immunodeficiency virus infection, as shown by presence of anti-HIV antibody.
  • Patients with cerebroside metabolite abnormalities (e.g. Gaucher's disease).
  • Other acquired or inherited causes of liver disease: hepatitis C, hepatitis D, alcoholic liver disease, obesity induced liver disease, drug related liver disease, auto-immune liver disease, Wilson's disease, hemochromatosis, alpha-1-antitrypsin deficiency.
  • Any other condition which in the opinion of the investigator would make the patient unsuitable for enrollment, or could interfere with the patient participating in and completing the study.
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
18 Years to 70 Years   (Adult, Senior)
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
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Foundation for Liver Research
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Principal Investigator: Harry LA Janssen, MD, PhD Dept. of Gastroenterology & Hepatology, Erasmus MC, University Medical Center Rotterdam, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
Foundation for Liver Research
August 2006

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP