Drug-Induced Liver Injury (DILN)Network Retrospective (ILIAD)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00360646
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : August 4, 2006
Last Update Posted : April 19, 2018
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Duke University

August 2, 2006
August 4, 2006
April 19, 2018
September 2004
June 2022   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
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Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00360646 on Archive Site
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Drug-Induced Liver Injury (DILN)Network Retrospective
Idiosyncratic Liver Injury Associated With Drugs (ILIAD): A Retrospective Study
The purpose of this study is to establish retrospectively a nationwide registry of patients who have suffered drug-induced liver injury (DILI), and to collect, immortalize and store serum, DNA, and lymphocytes from these patients. ILIAD will serve as a resource for subsequent mechanistic investigations into the basis of severe idiosyncratic DILI. The primary goal of the ILIAD protocol is to create: (a) a clinical database consisting of individuals who have experienced severe DILI caused by four specific drugs, and the relevant clinical data concerning the episode of DILI; and, (b) to create a bank of biological specimens obtained from these individuals. These biological specimens will be DNA, plasma, and immortalized lymphocytes. Immortalized lymphocytes will provide unlimited amounts of genomic DNA for study as well as living immune cells for phenotyping studies. A secondary goal of the ILIAD protocol is to maintain a registry of cases in the ILIAD database so that they may be recontacted in the future. It is expected that this will facilitate additional studies exploring the mechanisms of DILI.

Drug-induced liver injury (DILI) is the single most common reason for regulatory actions concerning drugs, including failure to gain approval for marketing, removal from the market place, and restriction of prescribing indications. DILI is also a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in many patient populations. To stimulate and facilitate research into DILI, the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK) has recently established the Drug-Induced Liver Injury Network (DILIN). One of the initial projects to be conducted by the network is to retrospectively establish a nationwide registry of patients who have suffered severe idiosyncratic liver injury associated with any drugs (ILIAD) and HDS agents, and to collect, immortalize and store serum, DNA, and lymphocytes from these patients (hereafter referred to as the "ILIAD protocol"). This ILIAD protocol will serve as a resource for subsequent mechanistic investigations of the basis for susceptibility to severe idiosyncratic DILI.

The network will initially identify people who have developed DILI onset beyond 6 months of enrollment due to all drugs or HDS/CAM cases that did not meet the entrance criteria for the Prospective study.

The specific aims are as follows:

  1. Establish and maintain a clinical database of these people that contains relevant clinical data.
  2. Establish a bank of biological specimens (serum, DNA, and immortalized lymphocytes) prepared from cases and control in the clinical database.
  3. Maintain a registry including yearly updated contact information of the subjects enrolled in the clinical database so that it is possible to recontact these individuals at a later date to offer participation in studies which are not part of the current proposal.
Observational Model: Case-Control
Time Perspective: Retrospective
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Retention:   Samples With DNA
Samples with DNA
Non-Probability Sample
Patients with liver injury ascribed to any drug or HDS/CAM agent which the DILI onset date occurred beyond six months from enrollment.
Drug Induced Liver Injury
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  • Subjects with liver injury
  • Subjects without liver injury
Rochon J, Protiva P, Seeff LB, Fontana RJ, Liangpunsakul S, Watkins PB, Davern T, McHutchison JG; Drug-Induced Liver Injury Network (DILIN). Reliability of the Roussel Uclaf Causality Assessment Method for assessing causality in drug-induced liver injury. Hepatology. 2008 Oct;48(4):1175-83. doi: 10.1002/hep.22442.

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
Same as current
June 2022
June 2022   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

Screening Criteria

To be included in the ILIAD registry, the following criteria must be satisfied:

  • The treating gastroenterologist / hepatologist or health care professional must believe that the subject suffered drug-induced liver injury;
  • The subject must be alive and the date of onset of the qualifying DILI episode must have occurred on or after January 1, 1994;
  • Evidence of injury that is known or suspected to be related to consumption of a drug or HDS/CAM product
  • The subject is taking only one of these drugs or HDS agent(s) in the period leading up to the onset of the qualifying DILI episode;
  • Have clinically important DILI defined in terms of serum aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), and alkaline phosphatase (Alk Phos).
  • Sufficient documentation of the event for the Causality Committee to make a determination.

Exclusion Criteria:

Subjects will be excluded according to the following criteria:

  • are not willing to have medical information and blood samples taken;
  • are unable to adequately give informed consent to participate in the study including the blood draw for the genetic component;
  • age < 2 years old at the time of study enrollment (due to blood volume requirements).
  • Have a competing cause of liver injury such as hepatic ischemia that the investigator felt to be the primary reason for the observed liver injury. Known, pre-existing autoimmune hepatitis; primary biliary cirrhosis, primary sclerosing cholangitis, or other chronic biliary tract disease. Subjects are excluded due to acetaminophen hepatoxicity or liver transplant or allogeneic bone marrow transplant prior to development of drug-CAM induced liver injury.
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
2 Years and older   (Child, Adult, Senior)
Contact: Kathy M Galan, RN 919-668-8579
Contact: Theresa O'Riellly 919-668-8465 theresa.o'
United States
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Duke University
Duke University
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK)
Principal Investigator: Huiman X. Barnhart, PhD Duke University
Study Chair: Paul Watkins, MD University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
Duke University
April 2018