The Effects of HIV Protease Inhibitors in Severe Sepsis

This study has been completed.
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First received: June 28, 2006
Last updated: April 1, 2011
Last verified: April 2011

June 28, 2006
April 1, 2011
June 2003
September 2005   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
  • Death from any cause at 28 days and 3 months
  • Daily APACHE II and III scores
  • Daily SOFA scores
Same as current
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00346580 on Archive Site
Change in CD4 and CD8 T-cell apoptosis, as determined by flow cytomerty, at the time of enrollment, on Day 4 of therapy, and upon completion of therapy.
Same as current
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The Effects of HIV Protease Inhibitors in Severe Sepsis
The Effects of HIV Protease Inhibitors in Severe Sepsis
Sepsis is the leading cause of death in critically ill patients in the United States. It develops in approximately 750,000 Americans annually, and more than 210,000 of them die. Despite improvements in supportive treatment, mortality has changed very little, and until recently, no sepsis-specific treatments were available. Protease inhibitors have seemed to have an immune benefit that extends beyond their ability to prevent HIV replication. T cells in those patients treated with protease inhibitors have reduced rates of death than in those patients not receiving therapy.
Our hypothesis is that protease inhibitor therapy will prevent apoptosis associated with sepsis, and this will be manifested as improved clinical outcome, as assessed by 28-day mortality, APACHE II and III, and SOFA scores. All patients enrolled in the study will receive the standard of care for sepsis at Mayo Clinic Rochester. Patients will receive 1250 mg of Nelfinavir/placebo twice each day for seven days with regularly scheduled blood draws (Days 0, 4, and 7).
Phase 1
Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Double-Blind
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Drug: Nelfinavir
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*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
September 2005
September 2005   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Infection criteria:known or suspected infection, as evidenced by one or more of the following: WBC in normally sterile body fluid, radiographic evidence of pneumonia, a syndrome associated with a high risk of infection.

Modified SIRS criteria: must meet three or more of the following four criteria: a temperature higher than 38C or lower than 36C, heart rate of more than 90 beats/minute, respiratory rate of more than 20 breaths/minute (or on a mechanical ventilator), WBC more than 12,000/mm(3) or less than 4,000/mm(3).

Dysfunctional organs criteria:must meet one or more of the following five criteria:cardiovascular system dysfunction, kidney dysfunction, respiratory dysfunction, hematological dysfunction, unexplained metabolic acidosis.

18 Years and older
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
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Mayo Clinic
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Principal Investigator: Andrew D. Badley, M.D. Mayo Clinic
Mayo Clinic
April 2011

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP