Pilot Trial of Chromium-Metformin Combination in Type 2 Diabetes
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00332085|
Recruitment Status : Terminated (Issues w/recruitment)
First Posted : June 1, 2006
Last Update Posted : October 31, 2007
|First Submitted Date ICMJE||May 30, 2006|
|First Posted Date ICMJE||June 1, 2006|
|Last Update Posted Date||October 31, 2007|
|Study Start Date ICMJE||January 2006|
|Primary Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Current Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE
|Original Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Same as current|
|Current Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE
|Original Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Same as current|
|Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures||Not Provided|
|Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures||Not Provided|
|Brief Title ICMJE||Pilot Trial of Chromium-Metformin Combination in Type 2 Diabetes|
|Official Title ICMJE||Pilot Trial of Chromium-Metformin Combination in Type 2 Diabetes: Impact on Blood Sugar Control and Insulin Resistance|
|Brief Summary||This pilot trial seeks to gather preliminary data on the combination of chromium picolinate, the most commonly used form of chromium, and metformin. The trial will recruit type 2 diabetes subjects already on metformin and treat them with chromium for 8 weeks. The results of this trial will provide vital preliminary data including safety and size of effect to direct future studies.|
Chromium is widely marketed for use in diabetes and is used as a dietary supplement by approximately 10 million US consumers, second only to calcium supplementation. Limited scientific research has supported the potential of chromium to be beneficial in diabetes to improve blood sugar control and insulin sensitivity, yet many of these studies have design flaws and the relevance of the research in the US population has been questioned. Research on use of complementary & alternative medicine (CAM) suggests as many as 40% use CAM in combination with conventional medicine. Research performed at the Bastyr Center for Natural Health suggests 69% of patients get chromium as part of their treatment and 45% are on oral medications for blood sugar control. Metformin is the most commonly prescribed oral medication for diabetes in the world. The combination of chromium and metformin has never been studied in a clinical trial despite frequent use in combination. Additionally, research suggests chromium and metformin share at least one mechanism of action leading to questions about possible interactions - both favorable and unfavorable - resulting from the combination.
Type 2 diabetes remains the sixth leading cause of death in the US. Despite evolving technology and development of new medications, epidemiological data shows that only 37% of patients are in good glycemic control as defined by the American Diabetes Association. Recent large trials (UKPDS) suggest that any improvement in blood sugar control leads to favorable outcomes.
Human research suggests chromium improves insulin receptor sensitivity leading to blood sugar reduction. Research also shows blood levels of chromium are lower in people with type 2 diabetes and diabetic patients lose more chromium in their urine than people without diabetes.
This pilot trial will recruit type 2 diabetic subjects already on metformin and treat them with chromium picolinate for 8 weeks. The results of the trial will provide vital preliminary data including safety and size of effect to direct future, larger studies.
|Study Type ICMJE||Interventional|
|Study Phase ICMJE||Phase 1|
|Study Design ICMJE||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Condition ICMJE||Type 2 Diabetes|
|Intervention ICMJE||Drug: Chromium Picolinate|
|Study Arms ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Publications *||Not Provided|
* Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
|Recruitment Status ICMJE||Terminated|
|Estimated Enrollment ICMJE
|Original Enrollment ICMJE||Same as current|
|Actual Study Completion Date ICMJE||March 2007|
|Primary Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Eligibility Criteria ICMJE||
ICD-9 Diagnosis of TYpe 2 Diabetes (250.XX) for two years or less and treated with metformin Patients having completed dose titration of metformin as prescribed by their physician and have reached a stble dose between 1000-2550 mg per day for at least two months HbA1c: 7.0-10.5%
Clinical or objective finding suggestive of congestive heart failure. Individuals not receiving routine management by their primary car eproviders and/or endocrinologists for their type 2 diabetes, including routine ECG and ophthamological evaluations.
Women of child-bearing age not using standard birth control measures. Hemoglobin <11 or > 16; Hematocrig <32 or > 50; WBC <3,000 or >12,000; Platelets <150,000 or >500,000 Serum Creatinine >1.4 mg/dL; BUN >25 mg/dL Presence of greater than +1 protein on random macroscopic urinalysis at screening without a rule out of microalbuminuria Total bilirubin >1.5 mg/dL LFTs: AST>60 IU/L; ALT>65/L; Alkaline phosphatase >120 Iu/L. Isolated LFT elevations with an ultrasound diagnosis of non-alcoholic Steatohepatitis and a lab rule out of viral hepatitis will be included in the study with careful monitoring of LFTs.
Subjects currently taking nutritional supplements, including multivatmin for study duration; subjects will be asked to discontinue any nutritional supplementation at the screening telephone interview 1 week prior to screening lab work and 4 week sprior to baseline lab work.
Subjects taking lipid lowering medications except statins (i.e. niacin, fibrates, resins) due to possible chromium binding.
|Ages ICMJE||18 Years to 65 Years (Adult, Older Adult)|
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers ICMJE||No|
|Contacts ICMJE||Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects|
|Listed Location Countries ICMJE||United States|
|Removed Location Countries|
|NCT Number ICMJE||NCT00332085|
|Other Study ID Numbers ICMJE||190|
|Has Data Monitoring Committee||Not Provided|
|U.S. FDA-regulated Product||Not Provided|
|IPD Sharing Statement ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Responsible Party||Not Provided|
|Study Sponsor ICMJE||Bastyr University|
|Collaborators ICMJE||Not Provided|
|PRS Account||Bastyr University|
|Verification Date||October 2007|
ICMJE Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP