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Multidisciplinary Inpatient Palliative Care Intervention

This study has been completed.
Garfield Memorial Foundation
Information provided by:
Kaiser Permanente Identifier:
First received: May 12, 2006
Last updated: NA
Last verified: May 2006
History: No changes posted

May 12, 2006
May 12, 2006
April 2002
Not Provided
Quality and cost of care
Same as current
No Changes Posted
  • Greater patient satisfaction
  • Lower ICU admissions
  • Lower total costs 6 months past hospitalization
Same as current
Not Provided
Not Provided
Multidisciplinary Inpatient Palliative Care Intervention
A Multi-Site Replication of an Inpatient Palliative Care Program
Palliative care is believed to improve care of patients with life-limiting illnesses. This study evaluated the impact of a multi-center randomized trial of a palliative care team intervention on the quality and cost of care of hospitalized patients. Study subjects were randomized to intervention or usual care. At study end, patients receiving the palliative care intervention reported greater patient satisfaction with their care. Intervention patients also had significantly fewer ICU admissions and lower total costs for care 6 months past their hospitalization. Intervention patients completed more advance directives and had longer hospice stays.

The Inpatient Palliative Care Service (IPCS) was implemented at three Kaiser-Permanente sites: Colorado, Portland and San Francisco. The service consisted of a physician, nurse, social worker, and spiritual counselor who worked with the study subjects randomized to receive the intervention. The intervention included symptom control, emotional and spiritual support, advance care and post-discharge care planning, There were no differences in symptom control or emotional support but IPCS patient reported better spiritual support compared to usual care patients. IPCS patients also reported greater satisfaction with their hospital care experience and better communication with their providers. Both IPCS and usual care patients reported improved quality of life during their enrollment hospital stay. IPCS patients completed more advance directives. IPCS patients had more home health visits than usual care patients but significantly fewer ICU admissions. IPCS patients had significantly lower hospital costs and higher pharmacy costs, than the usual care patients. IPCS patients had significantly lower (p= .001) total health services costs (a cost savings of $64.90 per patient per day) compared to usual care patients. This translated to an average total cost savings of $3,185 per enrolled patient. IPCS patients had a significantly longer average hospice length of stay. There were no differences between IPC and usual care patients in the proportion admitted to hospice, time to hospice admission, the average length of survival, or proportion of those who survived to 6 months.

Conclusion: IPCS resulted in better spiritual support, a better hospital care experience, better communication with their providers, increased completion of advance directives, fewer ICU admissions, longer hospice stays and reduced overall health care costs.

Not Provided
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Prevention
  • Cerebrovascular Accident
  • Cancer
  • Coronary Arteriosclerosis
  • Heart Failure, Congestive
  • Diabetes Mellitus
  • Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
  • Failure to Thrive
  • Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive
  • Dementia
  • Kidney Failure, Chronic
  • Pneumonia
  • Liver Failure
  • Renal Failure
  • Respiratory Failure
  • Stroke
Behavioral: Multidisciplinary palliative care team met with patient
Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
July 2004
Not Provided

Inclusion Criteria:

Adults 18 years and older

-admitted to acute inpatient care who had: (1) a medical diagnosis which was life-threatening, and (2) whose attending physician indicated they “would not be surprised if the patient died within one year”.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • 1) they had impaired cognitive status and no caregiver was available to provide consent, (2) were currently enrolled in hospice or other studies involving palliative care, (3) the attending physician did not approve study participation, or (4) their medical condition impaired participation (actively dying, too ill to participate) and no family member was available to provide consent.
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
CO-02GGade-01 - H
Not Provided
Not Provided
Not Provided
Not Provided
Not Provided
Kaiser Permanente
Garfield Memorial Foundation
Study Director: Ingrid M Venohr, RN, PhD Kaiser Permanente
Principal Investigator: Douglas A Conner, PhD Kaiser Permanente Northwest Region
Principal Investigator: Marcia Liberson, MSW,MPH Kaiser-Permanente Northwest Region
Kaiser Permanente
May 2006

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP