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Safety and Antiviral Activity Study of Clevudine 30 mg QD in Patients With HBeAg(-) Chronic HBV

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00313274
Recruitment Status : Terminated
First Posted : April 12, 2006
Last Update Posted : February 1, 2017
Information provided by:
Bukwang Pharmaceutical

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE April 11, 2006
First Posted Date  ICMJE April 12, 2006
Last Update Posted Date February 1, 2017
Study Start Date  ICMJE July 2003
Primary Completion Date Not Provided
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: April 11, 2006)
  • Efficacy:
  • Antiviral activity (change from baseline in HBV DNA (log 10))
  • Safety:
  • Laboratory tests
  • Adverse Events
  • Vital signs
  • ECG
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Change History
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: April 11, 2006)
  • Efficacy
  • Antiviral activity: proportion of patients with HBV DNA below the assay limit of detection (<4,700 copies/mL by Digene Hybrid Capture II assay)
  • Biochemical improvement (e.g. ALT normalization )
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Same as current
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE Safety and Antiviral Activity Study of Clevudine 30 mg QD in Patients With HBeAg(-) Chronic HBV
Official Title  ICMJE A Double-Blind, Randomized, Parallel, Placebo-Controlled Phase III Study to Evaluate the Safety and Antiviral Activity of Clevudine (L-FMAU) 30 mg QD in Patients With HBeAg Negative Chronic Hepatitis B
Brief Summary The purpose of this study is to determine safety and efficacy of 30mg daily dose of clevudine (L-FMAU) at 24 weeks of treatment in chronic HBV infected patients with HBeAg negative
Detailed Description Not Provided
Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 3
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE Hepatitis B
Intervention  ICMJE Drug: Clevudine
Study Arms  ICMJE Not Provided
Publications * Yoo BC, Kim JH, Kim TH, Koh KC, Um SH, Kim YS, Lee KS, Han BH, Chon CY, Han JY, Ryu SH, Kim HC, Byun KS, Hwang SG, Kim BI, Cho M, Yoo K, Lee HJ, Hwang JS, Kim YS, Lee YS, Choi SK, Lee YJ, Yang JM, Park JW, Lee MS, Kim DG, Chung YH, Cho SH, Choi JY, Kweon YO, Lee HY, Jeong SH, Yoo HW, Lee HS. Clevudine is highly efficacious in hepatitis B e antigen-negative chronic hepatitis B with durable off-therapy viral suppression. Hepatology. 2007 Oct;46(4):1041-8.

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Terminated
Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: April 11, 2006)
Original Enrollment  ICMJE Same as current
Study Completion Date  ICMJE December 2004
Primary Completion Date Not Provided
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Patients who were between 18 and 60, inclusive
  2. Patients with HBV DNA levels 1 x 105 copies/mL within 30 days of baseline.
  3. Patients who were documented to be HBsAg positive for > 6 months (documentation of positive HBsAg for the previous 6 months included previous laboratory reports showing HBsAg positive at least 6 month ago OR lab results showing IgM anti-HBc negative and IgG anti-HBc positive at screening).
  4. Patients who were HBeAg negative and HBeAb positive.
  5. Patients with ALT levels which were in the range of ≥1.2 and < 15 times the upper limit of normal (ULN) and bilirubin levels less than 2.0 mg/dL, prothrombin time of less than 1.7 (INR), a serum albumin level of at least 3.5 g/dL.
  6. Women of childbearing potential with a negative serum (β-HCG) pregnancy test taken within 14 days of starting therapy.
  7. Patients who were able to give written informed consent prior to study start and to comply with the study requirements.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Patients who were currently receiving antiviral, immunomodulatory or corticosteroid therapy.
  2. Patients previously treated with lamivudine, lobucavir, famciclovir, adefovir or any other investigational nucleoside for HBV infection. Previous treatment with interferon that had ended less than 6 months prior to the screening visit.
  3. Patients with a history of ascites, variceal hemorrhage or hepatic encephalopathy.
  4. Patients coinfected with HCV, HDV or HIV.
  5. Patients with clinical evidence of liver mass or with alfa-fetoprotein > 50 ng/mL
  6. Patients who were pregnant or breast-feeding.
  7. Patients who were unwilling to use an "effective" method of contraception during the treatment period and for up to 3 months after cessation of therapy. For males, condoms should be used. Females had to be surgically sterile (via hysterectomy or bilateral tubal ligation) or post-menopausal or using at least medically acceptable barrier method of contraception (i.e. IUD, barrier methods with spermicide or abstinence)
  8. Patients with a clinically relevant history of abuse of alcohol or drugs.
  9. Patients with a significant gastrointestinal, renal, hepatic (decompensated), broncho-pulmonary, biliary diseases except asymptomatic GB stone, neurological, cardiovascular, oncologic or allergic disease. The patient with a benign tumor was excluded if judged by an investigator that the continuation of study would be interfered by benign tumor.
  10. Patients with creatinine clearance less than 60mL/min as estimated by the following formula:

(140-age in years) (body weight [kg])/(72) (serum creatinine [mg/dL]) [Note: multiply estimates by 0.85 for women]

Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 18 Years to 60 Years   (Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE Korea, Republic of
Removed Location Countries  
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT00313274
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE L-FMAU-302
Has Data Monitoring Committee Not Provided
U.S. FDA-regulated Product Not Provided
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE Not Provided
Responsible Party Not Provided
Study Sponsor  ICMJE Bukwang Pharmaceutical
Collaborators  ICMJE Not Provided
Investigators  ICMJE
Principal Investigator: Hyo-Suk Lee, MD. PhD Seoul National University Hospital
PRS Account Bukwang Pharmaceutical
Verification Date April 2006

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP