Study of the Relationship Between rHuEPO Dose, Serum ADPN, and Mortality in Patients Beginning Hemodialysis (HD)
|First Received Date ICMJE||March 29, 2006|
|Last Updated Date||March 29, 2006|
|Start Date ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Primary Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Current Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Change History||No Changes Posted|
|Current Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Current Other Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Other Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Brief Title ICMJE||Study of the Relationship Between rHuEPO Dose, Serum ADPN, and Mortality in Patients Beginning Hemodialysis (HD)|
|Official Title ICMJE||Recombinant Human Erythropoietin Dose, Serum Adiponectin, and All-Cause Mortality in Patients Beginning Hemodialysis|
High recombinant human erythropoietin requirement and elevated serum adiponectin were significant determinants of long-term mortality in patients who started hemodialysis therapy.
Background: Responsiveness of recombinant human erythropoietin (rHuEPO) is known to be related with body fatness in hemodialysis (HD) patients. Adiponectin (ADPN) is inversely associated with body fat mass, and in healthy subjects, low ADPN is a predictor of mortality. Recently, higher rHuEPO dose itself is demonstrated to be associated with poor prognosis. So, in this study, we prospectively examined the relationship between rHuEPO dose, serum ADPN, and mortality in patients beginning HD.
Methods: We selected 85 patients (51 men/34 women, age; 64±15 years) who survived for more than 3 months after the start of HD. After determining initial rHuEPO dosage, we followed the patients for 3 years, and examined an association between rHuEPO dose, serum ADPN, and all-cause mortality.
Results: We could follow totally 74 out of 85 patients for 3 years; 59 patients were survived, but 15 patients expired. Dosage of rHuEPO was significantly and negatively correlated with body mass index (BMI) (r=-0.44, p<0.01) and positively with serum ADPN (r=0.29, p<0.02), but not with leptin. Cox-hazards regression analysis adjusted by age, sex and underlying kidney disease revealed that rHuEPO dose and serum ADPN, as well as nutritional parameter such as protein catabolic rate became significant determinants of 3-year mortality. There was a 12.7% risk increase for 10U/kg/week increase in rHuEPO dose and 1.3% increase for 1µg/ml increment of serum ADPN for the 3-year of follow-up.
Conclusion: High rHuEPO requirement and elevated serum ADPN were significant determinants of long-term mortality in patients who started HD therapy.
|Study Type ICMJE||Observational|
|Study Design ICMJE||Observational Model: Defined Population
Time Perspective: Longitudinal
|Target Follow-Up Duration||Not Provided|
|Sampling Method||Not Provided|
|Study Population||Not Provided|
|Condition ICMJE||Renal Dialysis|
|Intervention ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Study Group/Cohort (s)||Not Provided|
|Publications *||Not Provided|
* Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
|Recruitment Status ICMJE||Completed|
|Enrollment ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Primary Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Eligibility Criteria ICMJE||
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers||No|
|Contacts ICMJE||Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects|
|Listed Location Countries ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Removed Location Countries|
|NCT Number ICMJE||NCT00308698|
|Other Study ID Numbers ICMJE||0808|
|Has Data Monitoring Committee||Not Provided|
|Responsible Party||Not Provided|
|Study Sponsor ICMJE||Hamamatsu University|
|Information Provided By||Hamamatsu University|
|Verification Date||July 2004|
ICMJE Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP