Celecoxib and Erlotinib in Treating Patients With Liver Cancer

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00293436
Recruitment Status : Withdrawn
First Posted : February 17, 2006
Last Update Posted : September 17, 2012
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by:
University of California, San Francisco

February 16, 2006
February 17, 2006
September 17, 2012
January 2005
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  • Safety (phase I)
  • Disease-free survival (phase II)
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Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00293436 on Archive Site
  • Maximum tolerated dose (phase I)
  • Overall survival (phase II)
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Celecoxib and Erlotinib in Treating Patients With Liver Cancer
A Phase I/II Study of Celecoxib and Erlotinib Hydrochloride as Adjuvant Therapy for High Risk Patients With a History of Hepatocellular Carcinoma

RATIONALE: Celecoxib and erlotinib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for their growth. Celecoxib may also stop the growth of liver cancer by blocking blood flow to the tumor.

PURPOSE: This phase I/II trial is studying the side effects and best dose of giving celecoxib together with erlotinib and to see how well they work in treating patients with liver cancer.



  • Determine the safety of adjuvant celecoxib and erlotinib hydrochloride for patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) at high risk for recurrence. (phase I)
  • Assess disease-free and overall survival of patients treated with adjuvant celecoxib and erlotinib hydrochloride. (phase II)


  • Determine the maximum tolerated dose of celecoxib and erlotinib hydrochloride for the phase II portion of this trial. (phase I)

OUTLINE: This is a phase I, dose-escalation study followed by an open-label, phase II study. Patients are assigned to a treatment according to Child-Pugh class of cirrhosis (class A/noncirrhotic vs class B).

  • Phase I: Patients receive oral celecoxib once or twice daily and oral erlotinib hydrochloride once daily. Treatment continues for up to 6 months in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Cohorts of 3-6 patients receive escalating doses of celecoxib and erlotinib hydrochloride until the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) is determined. The MTD is defined as the dose preceding that at which 2 of 6 patients experience dose-limiting toxicity. Separate dose escalations are conducted in the 2 groups according to liver dysfunction.

  • Phase II: Patients receive celecoxib and erlotinib hydrochloride as in phase I at the MTD.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed periodically.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 50 patients will be accrued for this study.

Phase 1
Phase 2
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Liver Cancer
  • Drug: celecoxib
  • Drug: erlotinib hydrochloride
  • Procedure: adjuvant therapy
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*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
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  • Histological evidence of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC)

    • No evidence of residual or recurrent disease
  • Received 1 of the following therapies:

    • Tumor resection between 4-8 weeks prior to study enrollment
    • Transarterial chemo-embolization between the past 4-8 weeks
    • Radiofrequency ablation and percutaneous ethanol injection (sequential or combinations thereof) between the past 2-8 weeks
  • Meets 1 of the following high-risk features for recurrence:

    • History of resection of a single HCC > 5 cm
    • History of multifocal HCC (includes microsatellite disease found at time of resection)
    • History of vascular invasion (macro or micro)
    • History of poorly differentiated HCC
    • Underlying cirrhosis
  • No Child-Pugh class C cirrhosis


  • Absolute neutrophil count > 1,500/mm^3
  • Platelet count ≥ 75,000/mm^3
  • Hemoglobin ≥ 9.0 g/dL
  • Creatinine ≤ 2.0 mg/dL
  • Bilirubin ≤ 2.0 mg/dL
  • AST/ALT ≤ 3 times upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • Alkaline phosphatase ≤ 3 times ULN
  • INR ≤ 1.5 times ULN
  • Albumin ≥ 2.5 g/dL
  • ECOG performance status 0-2
  • Life expectancy ≥ 2 years
  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception during and for at least 6 months after completion of study treatment
  • No other malignancy within the past 5 years except nonmelanoma skin cancer
  • Patients must agree not to wear contact lenses
  • No history of ulcer disease or gastrointestinal bleeding
  • No myocardial infarction within the past 18 months
  • No cerebral vascular event within the past 18 months
  • No history of aspirin or NSAID-induced asthma
  • No history of Gilbert's syndrome
  • No history of hypersensitivity reaction or allergy to sulfa drugs, aspirin, or other NSAIDs
  • No liver transplantation candidates for phase I portion of the study
  • No New York Heart Association class III or IV cardiac disease
  • No interstitial lung disease
  • No gastrointestinal disease prohibiting oral medication or requiring IV alimentation
  • No active peptic ulcer disease
  • No unstable angina pectoris
  • No ongoing, active, or untreated infection
  • No hypersensitivity to celecoxib
  • No rising alpha-fetal protein (AFP) not attributable to hepatitis B or C virus
  • No psychiatric illness or social situation that would preclude study compliance


  • No prior liver transplantation
  • No prior chemotherapy or biologic therapy in the adjuvant setting
  • No prior chest or mantle radiotherapy
  • No concurrent aspirin or other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID)
  • No concurrent interferon
  • No concurrent oral steroids
  • No concurrent anticoagulant therapy
  • No concurrent CYP3A4 inducers or inhibitors
  • No concurrent commercial or other investigational anticancer agents or therapies
  • No concurrent selective cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitors
  • No concurrent antineoplastic or antitumor agents, including chemotherapy, radiotherapy, immunotherapy, or hormonal anticancer therapy
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
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University of California, San Francisco
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Study Chair: Alan P. Venook, MD University of California, San Francisco
University of California, San Francisco
September 2012

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP