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Compassionate Use of Deferiprone for Patients With Thalassemia and Iron-Induced Heart Disease

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00293098
Expanded Access Status : Approved for marketing
First Posted : February 17, 2006
Last Update Posted : February 9, 2012
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Alan Cohen, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date February 16, 2006
First Posted Date February 17, 2006
Last Update Posted Date February 9, 2012
Descriptive Information
Brief Title Compassionate Use of Deferiprone for Patients With Thalassemia and Iron-Induced Heart Disease
Brief Summary Patients who have iron overload due to chronic blood transfusions and have developed heart failure or who are at high risk of heart failure because of the high levels of iron in their hearts, will be treated with deferiprone, an investigational drug, in combination with deferoxamine (Desferal). Some studies suggest that deferiprone may be better than deferoxamine in removing iron from the heart and improving heart function, and that using both drugs together may remove more iron. Participants would make a clinic visit for lab studies each week, and would continue to take deferiprone for as long as their physician feels it is useful in their care.
Detailed Description Repeated red cell transfusions lead to transfusional iron overload because the body lacks an efficient mechanism to excrete excess iron. Without treatment, iron accumulates in the liver, heart and endocrine glands. Cardiac complications including arrhythmias and congestive heart failure are the most common cause of death from transfusional iron overload. New magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) T2* techniques enable an estimation of cardiac iron loading, and allow patients at the highest risk of cardiac disease (those with T2* < 10 ms) to be identified. For over 30 years, deferoxamine has been the standard therapy. However, the mode of administration is cumbersome (subcutaneous or intravenous infusion over 8 to 12 hours daily), leading to poor compliance. Thus, cardiac disease and early mortality continue to be a significant problem in patients treated with chronic transfusions. Treatment of cardiac complications involves intensifying therapy with deferoxamine, including recommending intravenous administration over a period of 24 hours daily. Deferiprone is an oral chelating agent, not FDA approved for use in the United States. Recent studies indicate that deferiprone is superior to deferoxamine in removing cardiac iron and reducing iron-induced cardiotoxicity. The most serious side effect of deferiprone is agranulocytosis, and other side effects are gastrointestinal symptoms, reversible arthralgia, reddish discoloration of urine and rare cases of autoimmune disease. Patients on the study will be closely monitored for these toxicities. Patients who are currently regularly followed at The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia will be prescribed deferiprone at 75 mg/kg/day in three divided doses, taken orally, in combination with deferoxamine, at the patient's current dose. Labs will be drawn once per week to monitor neutrophil count, with additional labs every three months to monitor ferritin and ALT levels.
Study Type Expanded Access
Intervention Drug: deferiprone
oral administration of 75 mg/kg/day in three divided doses, usually in combination with deferoxamine therapy
Other Name: Ferriprox
Publications * Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
Recruitment Information
Expanded Access Status Approved for marketing
Contacts Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries United States
Removed Location Countries  
Administrative Information
NCT Number NCT00293098
Current Responsible Party Alan Cohen, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
Original Responsible Party Not Provided
Current Study Sponsor Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
Original Study Sponsor Same as current
Collaborators ApoPharma
Principal Investigator: Alan R Cohen, MD Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
PRS Account Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
Verification Date February 2012