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Rilonacept for Treatment of Cryopyrin-Associated Periodic Syndromes (CAPS)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00288704
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : February 8, 2006
Results First Posted : November 13, 2009
Last Update Posted : December 6, 2011
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Regeneron Pharmaceuticals

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE February 6, 2006
First Posted Date  ICMJE February 8, 2006
Results First Submitted Date  ICMJE September 30, 2009
Results First Posted Date  ICMJE November 13, 2009
Last Update Posted Date December 6, 2011
Study Start Date  ICMJE December 2005
Actual Primary Completion Date June 2008   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: November 19, 2009)
  • Change From Baseline to Week-6 (Part A) Endpoint in Mean Key Symptom Score (KSS) [ Time Frame: Baseline (Days -21 to -1) and Week 6 (Days 21-42) ]
    The mean Key Symptom Score (KSS --from the validated, patient-administered Daily Health Assessment Form(DHAF)) was the average on a 0-10 scale (0=None, 10=Very Severe) of 5 separate scales -- rash, feeling of fever/chills, joint pain, eye redness/pain, and fatigue). KSS was averaged over two 21-day daily reporting periods (the 3 weeks prior to both baseline and week 6). In part A, a negative change in mean values indicated improvement under treatment with rilonacept in symptoms. The DHAF was used because it is a validated instrument to collect subject's self-reported responses.
  • Mean Change in Key Symptom Score (KSS) From Week 15 to Week 24 (During the Randomized Withdrawal Phase or Part B) [ Time Frame: Week 15 through Week 24 (randomized withdrawal) ]
    The mean Key Symptom Score (KSS --from the validated, patient-administered DHAF) was the average on a 0-10 scale (0=None, 10=Very Severe) of 5 separate scales -- rash, feeling of fever/chills, joint pain, eye redness/pain, and fatigue). Subjects all received rilonacept 160 mg from week 6 through week 14. At week 15, subjects were re-randomized in a 1:1 ratio between Placebo and rilonacept 160 mg. Subjects baseline period was the 21-day period prior to week 15 randomization. A positive score indicated a worsening of symptoms versus an active treatment rilonacept baseline period.
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Not Provided
Change History
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Not Provided
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Not Provided
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures
 (submitted: November 19, 2009)
  • Mean Change From Baseline to Endpoint (Week 6) in Number of Disease Flare Days Per Patient [ Time Frame: Baseline to Week 6 (Part A) ]
    A Disease flare day was any day where the mean Key Symptom Score (KSS) was greater than 3. The KSS was the average on a 0-10 scale (0=None, 10=Very Severe) of 5 separate scales -- rash, feeling of fever/chills, joint pain, eye redness/pain, and fatigue). KSS was calculated for 21 Day Periods at baseline and at the endpoint (from Weeks 3 - 6). The difference in the number of flares between the two periods was averaged for all subjects. The DHAF was used because it is a validated instrument to collect subject's self-reported responses. It was the basis for the KSS and the flare day count.
  • Change From Baseline to Endpoint (Week 6) in Physician's Global Assessment [ Time Frame: Baseline to Week 6 (Part A) ]
    The Physician's Global Assessment was an evaluation at each visit on a scale of 0=no disease activity to 10=severe disease activity. A negative value in change in Physician's Global Assessment is indicative of an improvement.
  • Mean Change From Baseline to Endpoint (Week 6) in Patient's Global Assessment [ Time Frame: Baseline to Week 6 (Part A) ]
    The Patient's Global Assessment was a question on the Daily Health Assessment Form "Considering all the ways that Familial Cold Autoinflmatory Syndrome (FCAS) /Muckle-Wells Syndrome (MWS) affects you, please rate how you are doing based on the following scale" 0=very well to 10=very poor. A negative value in change in Patient's Global Assessment is indicative of an improvement.
  • Median Change From Baseline to Week 6 (Part A) Endpoint in C-Reactive Protein (mg/L) [ Time Frame: Baseline to Endpoint of Part A ]
    An abnormal value for CRP was considered > 8.4 mg/L.
  • Median Change From Baseline to Week 6 (Part A) Endpoint in Serum Amyloid A (mg/L) [ Time Frame: Baseline to Endpoint of Part A ]
    An abnormal value for SAA was considered > 6.4 mg/L.
  • Number of Subjects With at Least 30% Improvement in Key Symptoms Scores (KSS) From Baseline to Endpoint (Week 6) [ Time Frame: Baseline to Endpoint (Week 6) ]
    The mean Key Symptom Score (KSS --from the validated, patient-administered Daily Health Assessment Form(DHAF)) was the average on a 0-10 scale (0=None, 10=Very Severe) of 5 separate scales -- rash, feeling of fever/chills, joint pain, eye redness/pain, and fatigue).
  • Number of Subjects With at Least 50% Improvement in Key Symptoms Scores (KSS) From Baseline to Endpoint (Week 6) [ Time Frame: Baseline to Week 6 (Part A) ]
    The mean Key Symptom Score (KSS --from the validated, patient-administered Daily Health Assessment Form(DHAF)) was the average on a 0-10 scale (0=None, 10=Very Severe) of 5 separate scales -- rash, feeling of fever/chills, joint pain, eye redness/pain, and fatigue).
  • Number of Subjects With at Least 75% Improvement in Key Symptoms Scores (KSS) From Baseline to Endpoint (Week 6) [ Time Frame: Baseline to Week 6 (Part A) ]
    The mean Key Symptom Score (KSS --from the validated, patient-administered Daily Health Assessment Form(DHAF)) was the average on a 0-10 scale (0=None, 10=Very Severe) of 5 separate scales -- rash, feeling of fever/chills, joint pain, eye redness/pain, and fatigue).
  • Summary of Mean Change From Baseline to Open-Label Extension Week 72 in KSS [ Time Frame: From Baseline (week 0) to OLE Week 72 ]
    OLE Week 72 was the last timepoint at which efficacy was measured in the study. 56 of the 101 OLE subjects were included in the analysis. The mean Key Symptom Score (KSS --from the validated, patient-administered Daily Health Assessment Form(DHAF)) was the average on a 0-10 scale (0=None, 10=Very Severe) of 5 separate scales -- rash, feeling of fever/chills, joint pain, eye redness/pain, and fatigue). A negative change in mean values indicated improvement in symptoms.
  • Change From Baseline to Open-Label Extension Week 72 in Patient's Global Assessment [ Time Frame: From Baseline (Week 0) to OLE Week 72 ]
    The Patient's Global Assessment was a question on the Daily Health Assessment Form "Considering all the ways that FCAS/MWS affects you, please rate how you are doing based on the following scale" 0=very well to 10=very poor. A negative value in change in Patient's Global Assessment is indicative of an improvement. OLE Week 72 was the last timepoint at which efficacy was measured in the study. 56 of the 101 OLE subjects were included in the analysis.
  • Change From Baseline to Open-Label Extension Week 72 in Number of Disease Flare Days [ Time Frame: From Baseline (Week 0) to OLE Week 72 ]
    OLE Week 72 was the last timepoint at which efficacy was measured in the study. 56 of the 101 OLE subjects were included in the analysis. A Disease flare day was any day where the mean Key Symptom Score (KSS) was greater than 3. The mean Key Symptom Score (KSS --from the validated, patient-administered Daily Health Assessment Form(DHAF)) was the average on a 0-10 scale (0=None, 10=Very Severe) of 5 separate scales -- rash, feeling of fever/chills, joint pain, eye redness/pain, and fatigue).
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
 
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE Rilonacept for Treatment of Cryopyrin-Associated Periodic Syndromes (CAPS)
Official Title  ICMJE IL1T-AI-0505: A Multi-center, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Study of the Safety, Tolerability, & Efficacy of Rilonacept in Subjects With Cryopyrin-Associated Periodic Syndromes (CAPS) Using Parallel Group & Randomized Withdrawal Designs
Brief Summary Inflammatory symptoms of Cryopyrin-Associated Periodic Syndrome (CAPS) are due to mutations in a the NLRP-3 gene (previously known as Cold Induced Autoinflammatory Syndrome-1 or CIAS1). These mutations result in the body's overproduction of interleukin-1 (IL-1), a protein that stimulates the inflammatory process. IL-1 Trap (rilonacept) was designed to bind to the interleukin-1 cytokine and prevent it from binding to its receptors in the body.
Detailed Description

Primary Objective:

The primary objective of this study was to assess the effect of rilonacept on the clinical signs and symptoms of Cryopyrin-Associated Periodic Syndrome (CAPS) when used for chronic therapy as evaluated by the subjects themselves over time using a validated patient-reported outcomes tool.

Secondary Objective(s):

The secondary objectives were as follows:

  • To determine the safety and tolerability of rilonacept in subjects with CAPS
  • To assess the effect of rilonacept on laboratory measures of inflammation such as acute phase reactants

This was a multi-center, two-part, double-blind, placebo-controlled study (Parts A and B) designed to assess the efficacy, safety, and tolerability of weekly subcutaneous (SC) doses of 160 mg of rilonacept in adult subjects with active CAPS. These phases were followed by extended open-label phases. After written informed consent was obtained, subjects who met the protocol eligibility criteria were enrolled at one of 27 study sites in the United States. The study consisted of a 3-week screening period preceding Part A, a 6-week long double-blind, randomized phase of the study. All subjects were then treated with single-blind rilonacept for 9-weeks, followed by a subsequent 9-week, double-blind, withdrawal phase during which subjects were re-randomized to either rilonacept or placebo. Subjects then continued treatment in a 24-week open-label extension phase (OLE) and a further 112-week long-term open-label extension (LTOLE), during which all subjects received rilonacept and a 6-week post-treatment follow-up period. Amendments 4 and 6 allowed eligible adult and pediatric subjects aged 7 and above to enroll directly into the open-label phases of the trial.

For reporting purposes, the 24-week OLE and the 112-week LTOLE was considered one Open Label Extension (OLE) phase. This occurred after the 24-week double blind (Parts A and B ) phase. In other words, OLE Week 1 corresponded to the week 25 in the study.

OLE Week 72 was the final timepoint where efficacy was measured. Safety continued after that timepoint until the end of the study.

Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 3
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE
  • Familial Cold Autoinflammatory Syndrome (FCAS)
  • Familial Cold Urticaria
  • Muckle-Wells Syndrome (MWS)
  • Genetic Diseases, Inborn
Intervention  ICMJE
  • Drug: rilonacept 160 mg
    Rilonacept was given by subcutaneous injection. It was administered weekly at the dose of 160mg. On Day 1, subjects received two injections of rilonacept (for a total of 320 mg).
    Other Name: Rilonacept
  • Drug: Placebo
    Subcutaneous injection of Placebo occurred during first 6 weeks of the study or during randomized withdrawal (weeks 15-24). On Day 1, subjects received two placebo injections.
  • Drug: rilonacept 160 mg
    Rilonacept was given by subcutaneous injection. It was administered weekly at the dose of 160mg. No loading dose was given for subjects who entered directly into the open-label.
Study Arms  ICMJE
  • Placebo Comparator: Placebo
    Some subjects were treated with Placebo in the Study. This occurred (if subject randomized to Placebo) either during the first 6 weeks of the study or during the randomized withdrawal (weeks 15-24).
    Intervention: Drug: Placebo
  • Active Comparator: rilonacept 160 mg

    If randomized to rilonacept, subjects received this treatment during the first 6 weeks of the study or during the randomized withdrawal (weeks 15-24). All subjects received rilonacept 160 mg during weeks 6-14 (between Parts A and B).

    Study drug is administered as a 2.0 mL subcutaneous injection once a week. At baseline (week 0) subjects receive a loading dose of rilonacept 320 mg.

    Intervention: Drug: rilonacept 160 mg
  • Open-Label rilonacept 160 mg

    After week 24 (the end of part B), all subjects went into weekly dosing of open label rilonacept 160 mg. During this phase of the study, adolescents aged 7 and above were entered into the study and rilonacept was dosed as 2.2 mg/kg injections, up to 160 mg, per week.

    Study drug is administered as a 2.0 mL subcutaneous injection once a week.

    Intervention: Drug: rilonacept 160 mg
Publications *

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Completed
Actual Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: March 2, 2009)
104
Original Enrollment  ICMJE Not Provided
Actual Study Completion Date  ICMJE August 2008
Actual Primary Completion Date June 2008   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Double-blind phases: adults age 18 and above; Open-label extension: Adults and children aged 7 years and older.
  • Was diagnosed with Familial Cold Auto-inflammatory Syndrome (FCAS) or Muckle-Wells Syndrome (MWS) based upon clinical signs and symptoms
  • Had documented mutation in NLRP-3 (Cold Induced Autoinflammatory Syndrome-1 or CIAS1) in subject or relative, and willingness to have a confirmatory genetic (Deoxyribonucleic acid or DNA) test (cheek swab).
  • Was able to understand and comply with study procedures and was able to provide informed consent
  • If female, was not currently pregnant and was willing to use contraception during the study

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Had evidence of untreated tuberculosis or other conditions/therapies that made the subject inappropriate for this study.
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 7 Years and older   (Child, Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE United States
Removed Location Countries  
 
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT00288704
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE IL1T-AI-0505
Has Data Monitoring Committee Yes
U.S. FDA-regulated Product Not Provided
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE Not Provided
Current Responsible Party Regeneron Pharmaceuticals
Original Responsible Party Not Provided
Current Study Sponsor  ICMJE Regeneron Pharmaceuticals
Original Study Sponsor  ICMJE Same as current
Collaborators  ICMJE Not Provided
Investigators  ICMJE
Study Director: Robert Evans, PharmD. Regeneron Pharmaceuticals
PRS Account Regeneron Pharmaceuticals
Verification Date December 2011

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP