Assessing Myocardial Blood Flow and Blood Flow Reserve by Transoesophageal Echocardiography (TEE)
|First Received Date ICMJE||February 2, 2006|
|Last Updated Date||March 24, 2015|
|Start Date ICMJE||August 2006|
|Primary Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Current Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE
||coronary bypass graft patency [ Time Frame: 30 days ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]|
|Original Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE
||coronary artery bypas graft patency|
|Change History||Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00286559 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site|
|Current Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE
||long-term survival [ Time Frame: 12 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]|
|Original Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE
|Current Other Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Other Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Brief Title ICMJE||Assessing Myocardial Blood Flow and Blood Flow Reserve by Transoesophageal Echocardiography (TEE)|
|Official Title ICMJE||Feasibility and Accuracy of Transoesophageal Harmonic Contrast Echocardiography in Assessing Myocardial Blood Flow and Blood Flow Reserve|
Until today it was not possible to reliably assess the function of a new bypass, i.e., to measure myocardial perfusion. Measuring intramyocardial blood flow directly after revascularisation would greatly improve the assessment of graft function. With transthoracic contrast echocardiography, myocardial perfusion can be reliably assessed, as it has been shown in numerous studies. In the first part of the study the investigators will clarify methodological aspects of contrast echocardiography. In the second part they will analyze the validity of contrast TEE in the operating room.
Until today it was not possible to reliably assess the function of a new bypass, i.e., to measure myocardial perfusion. Measuring intramyocardial blood flow directly after revascularisation would greatly improve the assessment of graft function. With transthoracic contrast echocardiography myocardial perfusion can be reliably assessed, as it has been shown in numerous studies.
As there is a new transoesophageal ultrasound probe on the market which allows contrast imaging, we would like to establish contrast echocardiography in the operating room in patients undergoing CABG surgery.
Ultrasound contrast agents (e.g., SonoVue®, Optison®) consist of gas filled microspheres surrounded by a stabilizing coat. They are smaller than red blood cells and similar to blood in their rheological habit. The microspheres are injected into a peripheral or central vein. They pass lung circulation and disperse into the left heart, coronary arteries and body circulation. A few minutes after administration the low-soluble gas of the microspheres is exhaled. The interaction of the ultrasound beam with microspheres leads to oscillation of the microspheres and thereby amplification of the ultrasound signal. This technique allows enhancement of endocardial border but also visualization of myocardial perfusion and assessment of myocardial blood flow reserve. The latter requires measurement of myocardial perfusion a first time at rest and a second time during hyperemia with adenosine. The quotient of both gives myocardial flow reserve. This parameter is of paramount importance in cardiology to detect coronary artery stenosis and reduced coronary or myocardial flow reserve quantitatively.
The contrast agents as well as adenosine (a natural purine nucleoside, which can be found in all cells of the body) have a good safety profile with harmless and transient side effects. Our patients will be under anesthesia and therefore feel none of those side effects.
The study will be spread into two parts. In a first part we will clarify methodological aspects of contrast echocardiography: two different contrast agents and three different contrast imaging methods will be evaluated. One imaging method and one contrast agent will be chosen for the second part. In the second part we will analyze the validity of contrast TEE in the operating room. In addition correlation of changes in myocardial blood flow after coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery and improvement in myocardial perfusion as well as global and regional function in follow-up SPECT (Single Photon Emission Computed Tomography) and transthoracic echocardiography, respectively will be evaluated. By means of these data we possibly will be able to predict success of revascularisation at the end of surgery.
|Study Type ICMJE||Interventional|
|Study Phase||Phase 1
|Study Design ICMJE||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Diagnostic
|Condition ICMJE||Coronary Artery Disease|
|Study Arm (s)||Not Provided|
|Publications *||Not Provided|
* Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
|Recruitment Status ICMJE||Withdrawn|
|Completion Date||December 2008|
|Primary Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Eligibility Criteria ICMJE||
|Ages||18 Years and older|
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers||No|
|Contacts ICMJE||Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects|
|Listed Location Countries ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Removed Location Countries|
|NCT Number ICMJE||NCT00286559|
|Other Study ID Numbers ICMJE||50/05|
|Has Data Monitoring Committee||Yes|
|Responsible Party||University Hospital, Basel, Switzerland|
|Study Sponsor ICMJE||University Hospital, Basel, Switzerland|
|Collaborators ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Information Provided By||University Hospital, Basel, Switzerland|
|Verification Date||March 2015|
ICMJE Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP