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Brief Intervention for Alcohol Use Among Injured Patients

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00278785
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : January 18, 2006
Last Update Posted : February 13, 2018
California Office of Traffic Safety
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of California, Davis

January 13, 2006
January 18, 2006
February 13, 2018
March 2006
January 24, 2027   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Hospital re-admissions [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
number of hospital re-admissions
Hospital re-admissions
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00278785 on Archive Site
  • 12 month AUDIT Results [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
    Score on self administered questionnaire
  • Moving violations/DUI [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    number of moving violations/DUI
  • Self referral for counselling/treatment [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
    number of self referrals for counseling/treatment
  • 12 month AUDIT Results
  • Moving violations/DUI
  • Self referral for counselling/treatment
Not Provided
Not Provided
Brief Intervention for Alcohol Use Among Injured Patients
Brief Intervention for Alcohol Use Among Injured Patients: A Prospective, Randomized Trial

The underlying hypothesis that providing brief interventions to individuals who engage in potentially harmful patterns of alcohol use will alter their drinking behavior and therefore avoid negative consequences. Specifically, this study aims to determine if brief interventions will:

  1. Reduce the number of re-admissions and deaths due to injuries associated with alcohol consumption
  2. Reduce the number of driving under the influence (DUI) arrests
  3. Reduce harmful drinking behavior

Alcohol use is the most common underlying cause of injuries in the United States. There is a growing body of literature suggesting that brief interventions (BI), in the form of a short (10-60 minute) counseling session, may decrease alcohol consumption and its harmful consequences. In contrast to the abundant literature on the effectiveness of BI in the outpatient setting, only 3 randomized controlled trials have been performed an adults specifically in the setting of acute trauma, and have had inconclusive results. All three studies used highly trained persons to perform the BI, and all were greater than 30 minutes in duration, a situation that may not necessarily reflect the practicalities of routine medical care. This raises the question of whether the benefits seen in these studies reflect the expertise of a small number of individuals or whether the effects correlate with the amount of time spent with the patient. Highly trained personnel and time are valuable commodities in a busy trauma center and may not be feasible given the competing clinical demands. We propose to investigate whether BI are effective in a setting that is more likely to reflect "real world" of clinical medicine rather than an idealized setting, utilizing trauma nurse practitioners to perform brief (5-10 minute) interviews.

We will identify all patients admitted with trauma who test positive on a blood alcohol test. These patients will be consented and randomized to either a brief intervention group, or a standard medical care group. All patients will receive an AUDIT questionnaire to identify patterns of drinking behavior and an alcohol information pamphlet. After discharge, patients will be telephoned at 1,6, and 12 months. The first 2 contacts will be to see how the patient is doing and to verify the contact information. The AUDIT questionnaire will be re-administered during the 12 month interview.

Not Provided
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single (Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
  • Alcohol Drinking
  • Wounds and Injuries
Behavioral: Brief Motivational Interview
10-20 minute brief motivational interview
Other Names:
  • Brief intervention
  • Motivational interview
  • No Intervention: 1
    Control group to receive informational pamphlet on alcohol use and list of self referral agencies
  • Experimental: 2
    Intervention group receives pamphlet on alcohol and self referral information in addition to brief motivational interview
    Intervention: Behavioral: Brief Motivational Interview

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
Active, not recruiting
January 24, 2027
January 24, 2027   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  • >=18 yrs old
  • English or Spanish Speaking
  • Mentally and physically able to provide consent and participate in the intervention
  • Admission to the trauma ward or ICU

Exclusion Criteria:

  • <18 yrs old
  • Non-English or Non-Spanish Speaking
  • Severe Psychiatric illness
  • incarcerated
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
Office of Traffic Safety ( Other Identifier: UC Davis )
Grant Number AL0584 ( Other Grant/Funding Number: UC Davis )
Not Provided
Not Provided
University of California, Davis
University of California, Davis
California Office of Traffic Safety
Principal Investigator: Garth H. Utter, MD, MSc University of California, Davis
University of California, Davis
February 2018

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP