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Safety of Peptide Vaccination for Patients With Myelodysplastic Syndrome

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00270452
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : December 26, 2005
Last Update Posted : July 2, 2017
Information provided by:
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE December 24, 2005
First Posted Date  ICMJE December 26, 2005
Last Update Posted Date July 2, 2017
Study Start Date  ICMJE December 22, 2005
Actual Primary Completion Date October 26, 2007   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: September 9, 2009)
To evaluate the safety of and toxicity assoc. with a single dose of a comb. of PR1:169-177 and WT-1:126-134 peptide (in Montanide adjuvant) vaccination admin. concomitantly with GM-CSF (Sargramostim) in selected patients with myeloid malignancie...
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Not Provided
Change History Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00270452 on Archive Site
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Not Provided
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Not Provided
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE Safety of Peptide Vaccination for Patients With Myelodysplastic Syndrome
Official Title  ICMJE Safety of WT1 and PR1 Peptide Vaccination for Patients With Myeloid Malignancies
Brief Summary

This study will test whether certain patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS), acute myeloid leukemia (AML) or chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) can safely be vaccinated with two peptide vaccines derived from proteins called proteinase 3 (PR1) and Wilm's tumor-1 (WT1). These proteins are produced in large amounts by cells of MDS, AML and CML patients. The peptides are combined with an "adjuvant" called Montanide to make the vaccines, and the vaccines are given with GM-CSF (sargramostim). Both Montanide and sargramostim help the immune system respond to the vaccines. The vaccines then activate the immune system to make specialized cells that search out and kill the MDS, AML and CML cells containing the two proteins.

Patients with MDS, AML or CML who are 18 years of age or older may be eligible for this study. Candidates are screened with a medical history and physical examination, blood tests, chest x-ray, and bone marrow aspirate and biopsy. For the bone marrow biopsy, the area of the hip is anesthetized and a special needle is used to draw marrow from the hipbone.

Participants receive an injection (shot) of each peptide vaccine into deep tissue of the upper arm, upper leg, or the abdomen and two separate shots of sargramostim in the same area as the vaccine shots. Patients' vital signs (heart rate, breathing rate, temperature, blood pressure) are measured before and after they receive the vaccines and they are watched for 2 hours after the shots for possible side effects, such as chills, pain at the injection site, stomach upset, allergic reaction, low blood counts, and infection.

Patients return to the clinic 1, 2, 3 and 4 weeks after receiving the vaccines for a brief physical evaluation and blood tests. A chest x-ray is also done at the 4-week visit. Patients may receive whole blood or platelet transfusions if needed to treat the MDS, growth factors (filgrastim, erythropoietin, or others) if needed, and medications to treat any infections that may develop.

Detailed Description

Myeloid malignancies including acute myeloid leukemia and the related disorders myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) and myeloproliferative diseases represent a wide group of bone marrow stem cell malignancies. Some patients can be cured with chemotherapy or by allogeneic stem cell transplantation. However, a proportion of patients progress following chemotherapy and some relapse after transplantation. Therefore, there is need for studies of investigational agents to improve management of these patients.

The immunological graft-versus-leukemia (GVL) effect seen after allogeneic stem cell transplantation suggests that stimulating the patient's own T cell responses to MDS and leukemia with a vaccine might also retard disease progression and even achieve disease remissions. WT1 and PR1 were identified as target antigens because both antigens are highly expressed by CD34+ stem cells of most patients with myeloid malignancies but not by normal marrow cells. An immunotherapeutic approach to vaccinate against PR1 and WT1 antigens could induce T cell response against MDS and leukemic cells while sparing normal cells and by using a combination of two antigens the risk of disease escape by antigen down regulation should be further diminished.

Therefore, we propose to evaluate a vaccine composed of peptides derived from two proteins over-expressed in MDS and leukemia stem cells - proteinase 3 (PR1) and Wilms tumor-1 (WT1). This protocol, the first in a series of planned research, will evaluate the safety of a single dose of a combination of two peptide vaccines, namely PR1:169-177 and WT-1:126-134 in Montanide adjuvant administered concomitantly with GM-CSF (Sargramostim) in select subjects diagnosed with MDS, AML and CML.

Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 1
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE Myelodysplastic Syndrome (MDS)
Intervention  ICMJE Drug: WT1 and PR1 Peptide Vaccine
Study Arms  ICMJE Not Provided
Publications *

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Completed
Actual Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: November 25, 2009)
Original Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: December 23, 2005)
Actual Study Completion Date  ICMJE October 26, 2007
Actual Primary Completion Date October 26, 2007   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Diagnosed with FAB subtypes RA, RARS MDS (Low Risk)


Diagnosed with AML and in complete remission within 5 years of treatment with less than 5 percent marrow blasts


Diagnosed with CML In chronic phase


Diagnosed with MDS, AML or CML and are between 6 months-3 years following allogeneic SCT who fulfill the following criteria:

100 percent donor engraftment,

less than 5 percent blasts in marrow

normal marrow cellularity

HLA-A0201 positive at one allele

Ages 18 - 85 years old


Hypoplastic MDS

Relapsed AML

CML in accelerated phase or blast crisis

Relapsed MDS, AML or CML following hematopoietic stem cell transplantation

Hb less than 9 g/dl, neutrophil count less than 1 times 10(9)/1, and/ or platelet count less than 75 times 10(9)/1

Hypocellular bone marrow

History of Wegener's granulomatosis

Serologic antibody against proteinase-3 (ANCA positive)

Previous allergic reaction to montanide adjuvant

Positive test for HIV

Treatment with systemic corticosteroids within 14 days prior to study entry

Co-morbidity of such severity that it would preclude the subject's ability to tolerate protocol therapy

Predicted survival less than 28 days

Pregnant or breast feeding (All female subjects must have a urine pregnancy test within 1 week prior to vaccine administration)

Enrolled in another drug or vaccine clinical trial during the study period

Inability to comprehend the investigational nature of the study and provide informed consent

Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 18 Years to 85 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE United States
Removed Location Countries  
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT00270452
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE 060062
Has Data Monitoring Committee Not Provided
U.S. FDA-regulated Product Not Provided
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE Not Provided
Responsible Party Not Provided
Study Sponsor  ICMJE National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Collaborators  ICMJE Not Provided
Investigators  ICMJE
Principal Investigator: Gregory J Kato, M.D. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
PRS Account National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
Verification Date February 9, 2012

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP