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Aerosol Cyclosporine for Prevention of Lung Rejection

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00268515
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : December 22, 2005
Last Update Posted : May 13, 2016
Information provided by:
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE December 21, 2005
First Posted Date  ICMJE December 22, 2005
Last Update Posted Date May 13, 2016
Study Start Date  ICMJE April 1998
Primary Completion Date Not Provided
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Not Provided
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Not Provided
Change History
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Not Provided
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Not Provided
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE Aerosol Cyclosporine for Prevention of Lung Rejection
Official Title  ICMJE Not Provided
Brief Summary To evaluate the efficacy of aerosolized cyclosporine given in addition to the standard oral immunosuppressive drug regimen, in preventing acute rejection immediately after lung transplantation
Detailed Description


Success with lung transplantation has largely been due to the introduction of cyclosporine which has proved effective in controlling lung allograft rejection. Nevertheless, acute and chronic rejection are prevalent in spite of immunosuppressive drug regimens based on oral cyclosporine. In fact, rejection is more common in recipients of lung allografts than those who receive other solid organs. Acute rejection is treated with pulsed methylprednisolone and anti-lymphocyte globulin and consequently recipients are subject to increased risk of infection and drug toxicity. The hypothesis tested in the study was that delivery of cyclosporine to the transplanted lung by aerosol inhalation would achieve higher concentrations of cyclosporine in the graft than when it was delivered via the bloodstream and that higher concentrations in the graft would prevent rejection more effectively than systemic immune suppression with the same or reduced toxicity.

Cellular rejection occured in over 90% of the patients within the first year and often progressed to obliterative bronchiolitis (OB) which was the most common cause of death one year after transplant. In 1988, the lung transplant group at the University of Pittsburgh decided to pursue cyclosporine aerosol for the treatment for acute rejection. After animal testing, initial human experiments were performed, which suggested that cyclosporine aerosol decreased the prevalence of acute rejection and the development of obliterative bronchiolitis.


This prospective double blind randomized trial was designed to evaluate the efficacy of cyclosporine aerosol versus placebo aerosol as an adjuvant to oral immunosuppression with tacrolimus, prednisone, and azathioprine. The hypotheses tested included: 1) acute rejection would be lower in the patients receiving cyclosporine aerosol, 2) maintenance cyclosporine aerosol would result in reduced incidence of OB, 3) cytokines and chemokine release would be suppressed, 4) patients receiving cyclosporine aerosol would require less systemic immunosuppression and 5) there would be a lower incidence of opportunistic and bacterial infections as a consequence of more effective immunosuppressive therapy. Another specific aim of the study was to determine the optimal dose of cyclosporine aerosol that reduced rejection and/or OB and to correlate radioisotopically labeled inhalation studies with more easily measurable indices that affected the deposition of aerosolized medications.

The study completion date listed in this record was obtained from the "End Date" entered in the Protocol Registration and Results System (PRS) record

Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 2
Study Design  ICMJE Masking: Double
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Condition  ICMJE Lung Diseases
Intervention  ICMJE
  • Drug: cyclosporine
  • Drug: tacrolimus
  • Drug: prednisone
  • Drug: azathioprine
Study Arms  ICMJE Not Provided
Publications *

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Completed
Enrollment  ICMJE Not Provided
Original Enrollment  ICMJE Not Provided
Actual Study Completion Date  ICMJE March 2003
Primary Completion Date Not Provided
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE No eligibility criteria
Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE up to 100 Years   (Child, Adult, Older Adult)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE Not Provided
Removed Location Countries  
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT00268515
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE 349
R01HL059490 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
Has Data Monitoring Committee Not Provided
U.S. FDA-regulated Product Not Provided
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE Not Provided
Current Responsible Party Not Provided
Original Responsible Party Same as current
Current Study Sponsor  ICMJE National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Original Study Sponsor  ICMJE Same as current
Collaborators  ICMJE Not Provided
Investigators  ICMJE
Investigator: Aldo Iacono University of Pittsburgh
PRS Account National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Verification Date December 2005

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP