Inflammation and the Host Response to Injury (Trauma)

This study is ongoing, but not recruiting participants.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Dr. Ronald G Tompkins, National Institute of General Medical Sciences (NIGMS) Identifier:
First received: November 18, 2005
Last updated: February 24, 2015
Last verified: February 2015

November 18, 2005
February 24, 2015
November 2003
September 2013   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
  • Time to death [ Time Frame: Within 28 after trauma injury ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Change in gene expression after trauma injury [ Time Frame: Up to 28 days after trauma injury ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Number and types of complications [ Time Frame: Up to 28 days after trauma injury ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
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Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00257231 on Archive Site
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Inflammation and the Host Response to Injury (Trauma)
Inflammation and the Host Response to Injury
The purpose of this study is to help improve our understanding of the biology involved in the body's response to serious trauma or burn injury. The host response to trauma and burns is a collection of physiological and pathophysiological processes that depend critically upon the regulation of the human innate immune system, with particular emphasis on the inflammatory component of that system. No single research center or small group of centers has the capacity to delineate the integrated response of this complex biological system, which involves multiple molecular and genetic interactions that vary in time. Our proposal promotes the identification of important dynamic relationships that regulate the integration of this complex biological system, with the expectation that this understanding will ultimately impact the diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment of the hospitalized, severely injured patient.
This large-scale collaborative project provides the means to acquire the necessary new knowledge directly in humans. Knowledge will be acquired using diverse state-of-the-art genomic and proteomic technologies, a highly complex clinical, proteomic, and genomic database, as well as newly-developed, novel analytical tools to probe this complex dataset. Our analytical capabilities at the genomic and proteomic level are now rapidly evolving and our ability to link these genomic and proteomic data to pathways and functional modules will help us more closely link this cellular data to immunological processes and ultimately, to the phenotypic response (i.e., trajectory) in the injured host. As a result, potential interventions, whether through our Program or other funding mechanisms, can be more effectively designed.
Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
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Retention:   Samples Without DNA
Plasma, blood leukocyte nucleic acids (only RNA, no DNA)
Non-Probability Sample
Acute hospitalized blunt trauma patients
  • Trauma
  • Burns
  • Multiple Organ Failure
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*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
Active, not recruiting
September 2015
September 2013   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion criteria for enrollment in the trauma study are as follows:

  • Blunt trauma without isolated head injury
  • Absence of traumatic brain injury, defined as either AIS head <4 OR GCS motor >3 within 24 hours of injury
  • Emergency Department arrival <=6 hours from time of injury
  • Blood transfusion within 12 hours of injury
  • Base deficit >=6 OR systolic blood pressure <90 mmHg within 60 minutes of emergency department arrival
  • Fully or partially intact cervical spinal cord

All patients meeting these criteria are entered into the epidemiologic database and assessed for specific exclusion criteria to establish whether serial blood draws are warranted.

The presence of any of the following exclusion criteria disqualifies a subject from the trauma sampling study.

  • Age < 16
  • Anticipated survival of <24 hours from injury
  • Anticipated survival <28 days due to pre-existing medical condition
  • Inability to obtain first blood draw within first 12 hours after injury
  • Traumatic brain injury; i.e., GCS ≤8 after ICU admission AND brain computerized tomography scan abnormality within 12 hours after injury
  • Inability to obtain informed consent
  • Pre-existing, ongoing immunosuppression - e.g. transplant recipient
  • Pre-existing, ongoing immunosuppression - e.g. chronic high dose corticosteroids (>20 mg/prednisone-equivalents/day)
  • Pre-existing, ongoing immunosuppression - e.g. oncolytic drug(s) therapy within the past 14 days
  • Pre-existing, ongoing immunosuppression - e.g. HIV positive AND CD4 count <200 cells/mm3
  • Possible requirement for early immunosuppression - e.g. significant likelihood of requiring high dose corticosteroids (e.g. spinal injury)
  • Significant pre-existing organ dysfunction - lung: currently receiving home oxygen therapy, as documented in medical records
  • Significant pre-existing organ dysfunction - heart: congestive heart failure, as documented in medical records
  • Significant pre-existing organ dysfunction - renal: chronic renal failure (creatinine >2)
  • Significant pre-existing organ dysfunction - liver: cirrhosis with portal hypertension or encephalopathy
  • Patient injured while sampling enrollment temporarily on hold
16 Years and older
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
2 U54 GM062119_trauma, NIH 2 U54 GM062119
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Dr. Ronald G Tompkins, National Institute of General Medical Sciences (NIGMS)
National Institute of General Medical Sciences (NIGMS)
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Principal Investigator: Ronald G Tompkins, MD, ScD Massachusetts General Hospital/Shriners Burn Hospital - Boston
National Institute of General Medical Sciences (NIGMS)
February 2015

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP