High Dose Ritonavir/Lopinavir Liquid Formulation in Salvage Therapy for Protease Inhibitor Resistant HIV Disease

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00247143
Recruitment Status : Unknown
Verified September 2006 by Lampiris, Harry W., M.D..
Recruitment status was:  Recruiting
First Posted : November 1, 2005
Last Update Posted : September 20, 2006
Information provided by:
Lampiris, Harry W., M.D.

October 28, 2005
November 1, 2005
September 20, 2006
October 2005
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To evaluate the safety and efficacy of high dose kaletra liquid and capsules in the treatment of highly antiretroviral experienced, protease inhibitor resistant HIV disease.
Same as current
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00247143 on Archive Site
To compare traditional pharmacokinetic measures of the two formulations (kaletra liquid and kaletra capsules) in a subset of the patients included in the primary analysis.
Same as current
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High Dose Ritonavir/Lopinavir Liquid Formulation in Salvage Therapy for Protease Inhibitor Resistant HIV Disease
Prospective Open Label Non-Comparative Study of the Safety, Efficacy and Tolerability of High Dose Ritonavir/Lopinavir Liquid in Salvage Therapy for PI Resistant HIV & a PK Equivalence Sub-Study of High Dose Ritonavir/Lopinavir Capsules
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the safety, tolerability and efficacy of higher doses of lopinavir/ritonavir, in combination with other anti-HIV medications when administered as either the capsule or liquid formulations, among patients who have not had full viral suppression despite treatment with 3 classes of HIV medications, and at least 2 prior courses of treatment with HIV protease inhibitors. In addition, pharmacokinetics of the active agents, lopinavir and ritonavir will be measured following administration of both the liquid and capsule formulations and compared.
This study is a safety, efficacy, and tolerability study of high dose kaletra in patients who have failed multiple antiretroviral regimens, including prior treatment with 3 classes of antiretroviral drugs (nucleoside/nucleotide analogues, non-nucleoside analogues, and at least one protease inhibitor based ARV regimen), in conjunction with optimized background therapy. Patients will initially be treated with high dose kaletra capsules and optimized background therapy for 4 weeks and then switched to equivalent doses of high dose kaletra liquid formulation for a total duration of therapy of 24 weeks. The primary endpoint of the study will be the average HIV RNA change from baseline through 24 weeks (HIV RNA AACUMB). Secondary endpoints will include the proportion achieving HIV RNA < 50 and HIV RNA < 400 copies/mL at 24 weeks. Changes in CD4 from baseline, change in LPV fold change in phenotypic resistance testing, changes in fasting metabolic parameters, assessment of safety at week 24 based upon hematology, chemistry, liver function, lipid levels, proportion of patients reporting adverse events and proportion of patients with SAEs, and demonstration of bioequivalence by 12 hour pharmacokinetic measurements.
Not Applicable
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
  • HIV
  • AIDS
Drug: Kaletra (drug)
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*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
Unknown status
Same as current
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Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Signed informed consent prior to trial participation.
  2. HIV-1 infected males or females at least 18 years of age.
  3. Weight > 60 kg and < 100 kg
  4. Acceptable laboratory screening values as defined in the exclusion criteria.
  5. Three class ARV experienced, including current PI regimen for at least 12 weeks, at least one other PI based regimen for at least 12 weeks, treatment with at least one NNRTI and with at least 2 nucleoside agents.
  6. Screening Virologic Phenotype demonstrating lopinavir phenotypic fold resistance between 10 and 80 (if patients have had Virologic Phenotype within 8 weeks of study screening this may be used as the qualifying lopinavir phenotypic fold resistance).
  7. HIV-1 viral load 1000 copies/mL at screening.
  8. Acceptable screening laboratory values that indicate adequate baseline organ function. Laboratory values are considered to be acceptable if the following apply:

    • Total Cholesterol ≤ DAIDS Grade 3
    • Total Triglycerides ≤ DAIDS Grade 3
    • ALT and AST ≤DAIDS Grade 3).
    • Any Grade GGT is acceptable.
    • Any Grade CK is acceptable as long as there is no concurrent myopathy.
    • All other laboratory test values ≤DAIDS Grade 2.
  9. Willingness to discontinue treatment with NNRTIs throughout 48 weeks of study participation (prior or current treatment with enfuvirtide is permitted).
  10. Acceptable medical history, as assessed by the investigator, with an unremarkable chest X-ray and ECG within 1 year of study participation.
  11. Willingness to abstain from ingesting substances during the study which may alter plasma study drug levels by interaction with the cytochrome P450 system (these are listed in the informed consent under the risks of lopinavir/ritonavir).
  12. A prior AIDS-defining event is acceptable as long as it has resolved or the patient has been on stable therapy for at least 12 weeks.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. ARV medication naïve.
  2. Patients on recent drug holiday, defined as off ARV medications for at least 7 consecutive days within the last 28 days
  3. Female patients of child-bearing potential who:

    • have a positive serum pregnancy test at screening or during the study,
    • are breast feeding,
    • are planning to become pregnant,
    • are not willing to a use barrier method of contraception, or
    • require ethinyl estradiol administration.
  4. Prior high-dose LPV/RTV therapy (higher than recommended doses in package insert).
  5. Active diarrhea not controlled with antidiarrheal medications (not to exceed 3 bowel movements/day), malabsorption, or GI intolerance to lopinavir/ritonavir
  6. Use of investigational medications within 30 days before study entry or during the trial.
  7. Are receiving medications that are contraindicated with, or result in significant drug-drug interactions, with LPV and/or RTV (including, but not limited to triazolam, astemizole, ergot medications, cisapride, midazolam, bepridils, or rifampin).
  8. Use of immunomodulatory drugs within 30 days before study entry or during the trial (e.g. interferon, cyclosporin, hydroxyurea, interleukin 2).
  9. Active malignancy requiring chemotherapy or radiation.
  10. Inability to adhere to the requirements of the protocol, including active substance abuse as assessed by the investigator.
  11. In the opinion of the investigator, likely survival of less than 6 months because of underlying disease.
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
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Lampiris, Harry W., M.D.
Principal Investigator: Harry W. Lampiris, M.D. San Francisco Veterans Affairs Medical Center
Lampiris, Harry W., M.D.
September 2006

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP