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Aquatic Verses Land Exercise to Decrease Fall Risk

This study has been completed.
Saskatchewan Health Research Foundation
Information provided by:
University of Saskatchewan Identifier:
First received: September 23, 2005
Last updated: January 3, 2006
Last verified: September 2005

September 23, 2005
January 3, 2006
September 1999
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  • muscle strength
  • balance
  • mobility
  • function
  • quality of life
Same as current
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00227071 on Archive Site
bone status
Same as current
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Aquatic Verses Land Exercise to Decrease Fall Risk
The Effect of Water Verses Land Exercise to Decrease Fall Risk in Older Women With Osteoporosis
Compare the effect of aquatic,land and no exercise on fall risk factors in women diagnosed with osteoporosis
Background and Purpose: Fall prevention through exercise is an ongoing goal of researchers and clinicians. This study compared the effects of aquatic exercise (AE), land exercise (LE) and no exercise (NE) on fall risk factors. Subjects: Seventy-three women, 60 or older, with osteoporosis (OP). Method: Randomized clinical trial comparing balance, posture, strength, mobility, function, falls, and quality of life. Results: Significant differences (p<0.05) were found for participants’ ratings of global change (AE and LE > NE), tandem balance (AE > LE) and function (LE > AE). Joint pain and falls occurred more often during LE. Discussion and Conclusion: Participants experienced significant global improvement with both AE and LE. Less joint pain, reduced falls and improved balance were found in AE, however LE was more effective in improving functional ability at home. Clinicians should consider the individual’s specific impairments and risk factors when recommending exercise programs on land or in water.
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Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: Single Blind
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Behavioral: exercise
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*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
June 2002
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Inclusion Criteria:

  • age 60 or older
  • diagnosed with osteoporosis
  • female

Exclusion Criteria:

  • has not been involved in regular exercise in past 2 months
  • does not have any medical or neurological condition that would significantly limit activities of daily living, such that involvement in an exercise program would jeopardize safety
60 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
BMC 1999-65
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University of Saskatchewan
Saskatchewan Health Research Foundation
Principal Investigator: Cathy M Arnold University of Saskatchewan
University of Saskatchewan
September 2005

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP