Pathways to Vocational Rehabilitation: Enhancing Entry and Retention

This study has been completed.
Information provided by:
Department of Veterans Affairs Identifier:
First received: September 14, 2005
Last updated: March 11, 2008
Last verified: March 2008

September 14, 2005
March 11, 2008
March 2005
January 2007   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Entry and Retention in Vocational Rehabilitation [ Time Frame: 18 months post intervention ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
Entry and retention rates into the VA's vocational rehabilitation program at 6, 12, and 18 months.
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00223834 on Archive Site
Not Provided
Predictors of entry and retention into the VA's vocational rehabilitation program, # days worked, earnings, Quality of Life (SF-36) at 6, 12, and 18 months
Not Provided
Not Provided
Pathways to Vocational Rehabilitation: Enhancing Entry and Retention
Pathways to Vocational Rehabilitation: Enhancing Entry and Retention

This study will examine the barriers and supports for entering and receiving work-related services for veterans with a serious mental illness. It will also determine the effectiveness of a brief motivational interviewing intervention designed to help veterans receive these services.

Randomized clinical trials and naturalistic studies show that among patients meeting criteria for chronic mental illness, those participating in vocational rehabilitation (VR) have significantly reduced days of inpatient hospitalization. Unfortunately, the majority of eligible adults fail to enter VR and almost half of those who do, drop out or are involuntarily discharged. The reasons for nonparticipation and drop out and their impact on rehabilitation outcomes are poorly understood.

The study will provide needed naturalistic data documenting:

  1. the way in which barriers function to reduce entry to services and contribute to the high rate of dropout,
  2. the outcomes associated with different patterns of participation, and
  3. relative rates of entry and retention in a non-VHA VR exemplar of the Intensive Placement and Support (IPS) model at the Manchester Mental Health Center in Manchester, New Hampshire.

While we need to know more about these "barriers" in order to develop the range of appropriate interventions, the enhancement of client motivation for work and rehabilitation is likely to have a positive impact both on entry and sustained compliance. We are proposing a random assignment single blind trial of a brief Motivational Interviewing (MI) intervention designed to address the low entry and retention rates of veterans with Serious Mental Illness (SMI) in Veterans Health Administration's (VHA) VR services.

Not Provided
Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Single Blind (Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
  • Poverty
  • Unemployment
Behavioral: single session of Motivational Interviewing
Single session orientation to available services
Intervention: Behavioral: single session of Motivational Interviewing
Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
September 2007
January 2007   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Current diagnosis of serious mental illness, present for at least 2 years
  • Is unemployed or underemployed
  • Current episode of un/underemployment is at least 3 months
  • Enrolled to receive services at study site

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Over the age of 55
  • Non-English speaker
  • Mini-Mental score of less than 20
  • Planning to move more than 30 miles from study site in the next 18 months
  • Previously screened for this study
  • Currently or previously involved in other research studies which may impact variables relevant to this study
18 Years to 55 Years
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
Drebing, Charles - Principal Investigator, Department of Veterans Affairs
Department of Veterans Affairs
Not Provided
Principal Investigator: Charles Drebing, PhD Edith Nourse Rogers Memorial Veterans Hospital, Bedford
Department of Veterans Affairs
March 2008

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP