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Safety, Acceptability and Preliminary Effectiveness of Carraguard™ (PC-515) in Preventing HIV/STI Transmission

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00213018
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : September 21, 2005
Last Update Posted : August 14, 2017
Information provided by:

September 13, 2005
September 21, 2005
August 14, 2017
October 1999
Not Provided
  • Safety (toxicity): Symptoms 14 days after enrollment and monthly thereafter (6-12 months); tests (monthly) to detect change in vaginal flora;
  • Compliance: collection of applicators and interview(monthly)
  • Acceptability: interview (quarterly)
Same as current
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00213018 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
Preliminary effectiveness: Swabs taken to test for sexually transmitted infections - gonorrhea, chlamydia, trichomoniasis (monthly) and blood drawn for syphilis and HIV testing (Month 1 and quarterly thereafter).
Same as current
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Not Provided
Safety, Acceptability and Preliminary Effectiveness of Carraguard™ (PC-515) in Preventing HIV/STI Transmission
A Trial to Assess Expanded Safety, Acceptability and Preliminary Effectiveness of Carraguard™ (PC-515) in Preventing STI/HIV Transmission

The primary aims of the study were to assess the safety and acceptability of Carraguard ™ (PC-515) when applied vaginally at least three times weekly for 6-12 months. Secondary aims were to gather preliminary data on Carraguard's effectiveness in preventing male-to-female transmission of HIV.

The hypothesis was that Carraguard would cause little or no significant irritation, including lesions; that women would find Carraguard acceptable. The study was not powered to determine effectiveness, but based on safety, acceptability and feasibility parameters, the outcome of the Phase 2 trial would enable a decision whether or not to proceed to a Phase 3 efficacy trial.

Carraguard™ (PC-515), the Population Council's lead candidate microbicide, was tested in a triple-masked, randomized, placebo-controlled trial fielded in two sites in South Africa. The primary aims of the study were to assess Carraguard's safety (toxicity) - including signs of irritation, such as itching or burning; changes in vaginal flora; and incidence of abnormal external genital, vaginal, and cervical findings - when applied vaginally for durations of 6-12 months, and to evaluate several dimensions of the acceptability of Carraguard and placebo products. Secondary aims were to investigate whether study participants using Carraguard had lower rates of HIV seroconversion or other sexually transmitted infections (including C. trachomatis, N. gonorrhoeae, T. vaginalis, and T. pallidum) than the placebo (methyl cellulose gel). In addition, when it began, this trial was the first to explore the feasibility of large-scale microbicides testing in a non-sex worker population. Last, the trial gauged women's reactions to using a non-contraceptive product (in vitro testing had shown that Carraguard has no contraceptive effect), as well as potential use-dynamics in communities where drying agents and other traditional vaginal products are used with high frequency.
Phase 2
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double
Primary Purpose: Prevention
  • HIV Infections
  • Chlamydia Trachomatis
  • Neisseria Gonorrhoeae
  • Trichomonas Vaginitis
  • Syphilis
Drug: Carraguard (PC-515)
Not Provided
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*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
January 2002
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Inclusion Criteria:

  • In good health as determined by medical history, physical examination and results of laboratory screening tests for RTIs
  • Aged 18 years or older
  • Resident in the area for at least one year and planning to stay for at least 12 months
  • HIV-seronegative at screening
  • Willing and able to comply with the study protocol (including being tested for HIV, learning the results, and undergoing clinical evaluations), and,
  • Able to give informed consent

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Pregnant or desire to become pregnant during the trial
  • Delivered or aborted a pregnancy within the six weeks prior to screening
  • History of surgery on external genitalia, vagina or cervix in the six weeks prior to screening
  • Recent history of non-menstrual vaginal bleeding with intercourse
  • Clinically detectable genital abnormality (including presence of warts, or a structural or congenital abnormality)
  • Clinical suspicion of a RTI (defined as the presence of a genital ulcer visible to the naked eye, an abnormal vaginal discharge or purulent cervicitis, or untreated positive STI test result)
  • Abnormal Pap smear
  • History of sensitivity/allergy to latex
  • Participating in another trial of a vaginal product
  • Reported injection of recreational drugs
Sexes Eligible for Study: Female
18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
South Africa
Population Council #210
R01AI045468-02 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
Not Provided
Not Provided
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Population Council
  • Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation
  • FHI 360
  • National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
  • Medical Research Council, South Africa
  • University of Cape Town
  • University of Limpopo
  • United States Agency for International Development (USAID)
Principal Investigator: Charlotte E. Ellertson, MPA, Ph.D. Population Council
Population Council
August 2017

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP