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Divalproex Sodium vs. Placebo in Childhood/Adolescent Autism

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00211757
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : September 21, 2005
Results First Posted : December 6, 2018
Last Update Posted : December 6, 2018
National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Eric Hollander, Montefiore Medical Center

Tracking Information
First Submitted Date  ICMJE September 13, 2005
First Posted Date  ICMJE September 21, 2005
Results First Submitted Date  ICMJE May 29, 2018
Results First Posted Date  ICMJE December 6, 2018
Last Update Posted Date December 6, 2018
Study Start Date  ICMJE September 2002
Actual Primary Completion Date July 2008   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Current Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: December 5, 2018)
  • Number of Participants Reporting Improvement on the Clinical Global Impression [ Time Frame: Baseline to end of study (week 15) ]
    The CGI-I is a 7-point improvement scale. Ratings of 1 or 2 (responders) indicate a substantial reduction in symptoms. A rating of 3 (minimally improved) on the CGI is defined as a slight symptomatic improvement that is not deemed clinically significant; patients with such an improvement were not considered responders. Two versions of this test were used, one focused on irritability (primary outcome measure) and a general version CGI-I-autism focused on all symptoms including core symptom domains. The CGI-I irritability took into consideration the scores from the ABC-Irritability subscale, the OAS-M aggression and irritability subscales and information from open-ended questioning related to the degree of interference, nature, and range of behavioral problems at school and at home
  • Change in Aberrant Behaviors as Measured by the Aberrant Behavior Checklist Scores [ Time Frame: Baseline and End of Study (week 15) ]
    The Aberrant Behavior Checklist is designed to objectively identify five behavior sub scales through observation by the primary caregiver: irritability, lethargy, stereotypy, hyperactivity, and inappropriate speech. The ABC was filled out by parents on a scale from 0-3 for each category. (0 being not a problem, 3 being severe problem). Scores from all sub scales were added (scoring 0-45 for Irritability subscale, 0-48 for Lethargy subscale, 0-21 for stereotypy scale, 0-48 for hyperactivity sub-scale, and 0-12 for inappropriate speech sub-scale) to obtain a total score.
Original Primary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: September 13, 2005)
  • Clinical Global Impression-Improvement
  • Overt Aggression Scale-Modified
  • Aberrant Behavior Checklist
Change History
Current Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE Not Provided
Original Secondary Outcome Measures  ICMJE
 (submitted: September 13, 2005)
  • Clinical Global Impression-Severity, Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule, Conners' Parent Rating Scale-Revised, Long, Conners'
  • Teacher Rating Scale-Revised
  • Long Young Mania Rating Scale
  • Child Yale Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale
  • ADOS-G - Social Section Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scale Parental Stress Index
Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures Not Provided
Descriptive Information
Brief Title  ICMJE Divalproex Sodium vs. Placebo in Childhood/Adolescent Autism
Official Title  ICMJE Divalproex Sodium vs. Placebo in Childhood/Adolescent Autism
Brief Summary The study is designed to assess the efficacy of treatment with divalproex sodium (DS) vs. placebo in childhood/adolescent autism fulfilling DSM-IV and Autism Diagnostic Interview (ADI) criteria. Currently, there are no FDA-approved treatments for this disorder, although behavioral and educational therapies and a variety of medications may play a role in the management of some autistic symptoms.
Detailed Description This study compares divalproex sodium and placebo in the treatment of autistic disorder. Twenty six child or adolescent outpatients, with age ranges from 5-17, will be randomized into a 12-week double-blind, placebo-controlled parallel treatment study. During the 12 weeks, patients will be monitored by the treating psychiatrist and assessed by an independent evaluator (IE). The IE will perform study assessments while remaining blind to medication regimens (including possible tapering) as well as any side effects. Study assessments will be administered at designated time points
Study Type  ICMJE Interventional
Study Phase  ICMJE Phase 2
Study Design  ICMJE Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition  ICMJE Autism
Intervention  ICMJE
  • Drug: Divalproex sodium
    Study drug.
  • Drug: Placebo
    Placebo comparator.
Study Arms  ICMJE
  • Placebo Comparator: Placebo
    Subjects in this arm will receive a placebo comparative to the study drug divalproex sodium.
    Intervention: Drug: Placebo
  • Experimental: Divalproex Sodium
    Subjects will receive the study drug, divalproex sodium.
    Intervention: Drug: Divalproex sodium
Publications * Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
Recruitment Information
Recruitment Status  ICMJE Completed
Actual Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: December 5, 2018)
Original Enrollment  ICMJE
 (submitted: September 13, 2005)
Actual Study Completion Date  ICMJE July 2008
Actual Primary Completion Date July 2008   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Eligibility Criteria  ICMJE

Meets DSM-IV, ADI, and ADOS criteria for autistic disorder

Age 5-17.


Parent/legal guardian signing informed consent, and assent documented for patient with demonstrated capacity to provide it.

Sexually active females of childbearing potential must use an acceptable method of birth control (oral contraceptive medications [the administration of which must be supervised by a parent or guardian], IUD, depot medication or tubal ligation) and have a negative serum pregnancy test prior to entry into the study.

Subject scores at least "4" (moderately ill) on the Clinical Global Impression-Severity Scale for Autistic Disorder (CGI-AD).

Subject meets the following criteria at pre-study diagnostic assessment and baseline assessment: OAS-M 13 or ABC-Irritability Subscale 18 (raw scores).

Subjects with history of seizures, who have been seizure-free for 6 months on a stable dose of anticonvulsant medication other than divalproex sodium or related formulations (e.g., depakene). Non-medicated subjects with a history of seizures who have been seizure-free for 6 months. Subjects with abnormal EEG but no clinical seizures.

State exclusion criteria for enrollment in study:

Subjects who are pregnant or nursing mothers. Sexually active women of childbearing potential who are not using adequate birth control measures (detailed above in inclusion criteria).

Subjects with overall adaptive behavior scores below the age of two years on the Vineland Adaptive Behavior Rating Scale.

Subjects with active or unstable epilepsy.

Subjects with any of the following past or present mental disorders: schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder or organic mental disorders.

Subjects who are a serious suicidal risk.

Subjects with clinically significant or unstable medical illness that would contraindicate participation in the study, including hematopoietic or cardiovascular disease, pancreatitis, liver toxicity, and polycystic ovary syndrome.

Subjects reporting history of encephalitis, phenylketonuria, tuberous sclerosis, fragile X syndrome, anoxia during birth, pica, neurofibromatosis, hypomelanosis of Ito, hypothyroidism, Duchenne muscular dystrophy, and maternal rubella.

Patients with history of the following:

gastrointestinal, liver, or kidney, or other known conditions which will presently interfere presently with the absorption, distribution, metabolism, or excretion of drugs; cerebrovascular disease or brain trauma; clinically significant unstable endocrine disorder, such as hypo- or hyperthyroidism; recent history or presence of any form of malignancy

Treatment within the previous 30 days with any drug known to a well-defined potential for toxicity to a major organ

Subjects with clinically significant abnormalities in laboratory tests or physical exam.

Subjects likely to require ECT or any other psychotropic medication during the study, unless otherwise permitted.

Subjects unable to tolerate taper from psychoactive medication if necessary.

Subjects with a history of hypersensitivity or severe side effects associated with the use of divalproex sodium, or other an ineffective prior therapeutic trial of divalproex sodium (serum levels within range of 50-100 ug/ml for 6 weeks).

Subjects who have received any of the following interventions within the prescribed period before starting treatment:

investigational drugs within the previous 30 days; depot neuroleptic medication; psychotropic drugs not permitted for concurrent use in the study within the previous seven days; fluoxetine within the previous five weeks.

Subjects who have begun any new alternative non-medication treatments, such as diet, vitamins, and psychosocial therapy, within the previous three months.

Subjects with any organic or systemic disease or patients who require a therapeutic intervention, not otherwise specified, which would confound the evaluation of the safety of the study medication.

Subjects who reside in a remote geographical area who do not have regular access to transportation to the clinical facility.

Sex/Gender  ICMJE
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Ages  ICMJE 5 Years to 17 Years   (Child)
Accepts Healthy Volunteers  ICMJE No
Contacts  ICMJE Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Listed Location Countries  ICMJE United States
Removed Location Countries  
Administrative Information
NCT Number  ICMJE NCT00211757
Other Study ID Numbers  ICMJE 01-0294
1R21NS043979 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
Has Data Monitoring Committee Not Provided
U.S. FDA-regulated Product Not Provided
IPD Sharing Statement  ICMJE Not Provided
Responsible Party Eric Hollander, Montefiore Medical Center
Study Sponsor  ICMJE Montefiore Medical Center
Collaborators  ICMJE National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS)
Investigators  ICMJE
Principal Investigator: Eric Hollander Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai
PRS Account Montefiore Medical Center
Verification Date December 2018

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP