IMPROVE-IT: Examining Outcomes in Subjects With Acute Coronary Syndrome: Vytorin (Ezetimibe/Simvastatin) vs Simvastatin (P04103)

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00202878
First received: September 13, 2005
Last updated: November 2, 2015
Last verified: November 2015

September 13, 2005
November 2, 2015
October 2005
September 2014   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Time to First Occurrence of Cardiovascular Death, Major Coronary Event, or Non-fatal Stroke (Kaplan-Meier Estimate of Percentage of Participants Experiencing a Qualifying Event) [ Time Frame: Up to approximately 9 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
The time (in months) from study start to the first occurrence of any of the following clinical outcomes was recorded: cardiovascular death, major coronary Event (non-fatal myocardial infarction [MI], documented unstable angina [UA] requiring hospitalization, or coronary revascularization with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) or coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) ≥ 30 days after randomization), or non-fatal Stroke. A Clinical Endpoints Committee (CEC) reviewed and adjudicated each suspected efficacy endpoint event while blinded to treatment. Participants who did not have any endpoint event until last visit or who were lost to follow-up and had no event were censored at the time of last available information (last study visit). The Kaplan-Meier estimate reports the percentage of participants who experienced cardiovascular death, major coronary event, or non-fatal stroke within 7 years from randomization.
Not Provided
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00202878 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
  • Time to First Occurrence of Death From Any Cause, Major Coronary Event, or Non-fatal Stroke (Kaplan-Meier Estimate of Percentage of Participants Experiencing a Qualifying Event) [ Time Frame: Up to approximately 9 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The time (in months) from study start to the first occurrence of any of the following clinical outcomes was recorded: death from any cause, major coronary event (non-fatal myocardial infarction, documented unstable angina requiring hospitalization, or coronary revascularization with percutaneous coronary intervention or coronary artery bypass grafting ≥ 30 days after randomization), or non-fatal stroke. A Clinical Endpoints Committee (CEC) reviewed and adjudicated each suspected efficacy endpoint event while blinded to treatment. Participants who did not have any endpoint event until last visit or who were lost to follow-up and had no event were censored at the time of last available information (last study visit). The Kaplan-Meier estimate reports the percentage of participants who experienced death from any cause, major coronary event, or non-fatal stroke within 7 years from randomization.
  • Time to First Occurrence of Coronary Heart Disease (CHD) Death, Non-fatal MI, or Urgent Coronary Revascularization With PCI or CABG ≥ 30 Days After Randomization (Kaplan-Meier Estimate of Percentage of Participants Experiencing a Qualifying Event) [ Time Frame: Up to approximately 9 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The time (in months) from study start to the first occurrence of any of the following clinical outcomes was recorded: CHD death, non-fatal MI, or urgent coronary revascularization with PCI or CABG ≥ 30 days after randomization. A Clinical Endpoints Committee (CEC) reviewed and adjudicated each suspected efficacy endpoint event while blinded to treatment. Participants who did not have any endpoint event until last visit or who were lost to follow-up and had no event were censored at the time of last available information (last study visit). The Kaplan-Meier estimate reports the percentage of participants who experienced CHD death, non-fatal MI, or urgent coronary revascularization with PCI or CABG ≥ 30 days after randomization within 7 years from randomization.
  • Time to First Occurrence of CV Death, Nonfatal MI, UA With Hospitalization, All Revascularization Occurring ≥30 Days After Randomization, and Non-fatal Stroke (Kaplan-Meier Estimate of Percentage of Participants Experiencing a Qualifying Event) [ Time Frame: Up to approximately 9 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The time (in months) from study start to the first occurrence of any of the following clinical outcomes was recorded: CV death, non-fatal MI, documented UA that requires admission into a hospital, all revascularization (including non-coronary) occurring at least 30 days after randomization, and non-fatal stroke. A Clinical Endpoints Committee (CEC) reviewed and adjudicated each suspected efficacy endpoint event while blinded to treatment. Participants who did not have any endpoint event until last visit or who were lost to follow-up and had no event were censored at the time of last available information (last study visit). The Kaplan-Meier estimate reports the percentage of participants who experienced CV death, non-fatal MI, unstable angina with hospitalization, all revascularization occurring ≥ 30 days after randomization, and non-fatal stroke within 7 Years from randomization.
Not Provided
Not Provided
Not Provided
 
IMPROVE-IT: Examining Outcomes in Subjects With Acute Coronary Syndrome: Vytorin (Ezetimibe/Simvastatin) vs Simvastatin (P04103)
A Multicenter, Double-Blind, Randomized Study to Establish the Clinical Benefit and Safety of Vytorin (Ezetimibe/Simvastatin Tablet) vs Simvastatin Monotherapy in High-Risk Subjects Presenting With Acute Coronary Syndrome (IMProved Reduction of Outcomes: Vytorin Efficacy International Trial - IMPROVE IT)
This is a randomized, active-control, double-blind study of subjects with stabilized high-risk acute coronary syndrome (ACS). The primary objective is to evaluate the clinical benefit of Ezetimibe/Simvastatin Combination 10/40 (single tablet, under the brand VYTORIN in the United States) compared with Simvastatin 40 mg. As per the original protocol, if low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) response was inadequate, the dose of simvastatin in the VYTORIN arm or simvastatin arm, could be increased to 80 mg (Note: per June 2011 protocol amendment, criteria for continued use of 80 mg simvastatin were modified and new increases of simvastatin dose to 80 mg were stopped). Clinical benefit will be defined as the reduction in the risk of the occurrence of the composite endpoint of cardiovascular (CV) death, major coronary events, and stroke.
Not Provided
Interventional
Phase 3
Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
  • Hypercholesterolemia
  • Myocardial Infarction
  • Drug: ezetimibe/simvastatin
    Ezetimibe/simvastatin 10/40 mg per day from randomization through the end of participation. As per the original protocol, if LDL-C response was inadequate, the dose of simvastatin in the VYTORIN arm or simvastatin arm, could be increased to 80 mg (Note: per June 2011 protocol amendment, criteria for continued use of 80 mg simvastatin were modified and new increases of simvastatin dose to 80 mg were stopped).
    Other Names:
    • Vytorin
    • Inegy
  • Drug: simvastatin
    Simvastatin 40 mg per day from randomization through the end of participation. As per the original protocol, if LDL-C response was inadequate, the dose of simvastatin in the VYTORIN arm or simvastatin arm, could be increased to 80 mg (Note: per June 2011 protocol amendment, criteria for continued use of 80 mg simvastatin were modified and new increases of simvastatin dose to 80 mg were stopped).
    Other Name: Zocor
  • Drug: Placebo for simvastatin 40 mg
    one or two tablets orally daily
  • Drug: Placebo for ezetimibe 10 mg/simvastatin 40 mg combination
    one tablet orally daily.
  • Experimental: ezetimibe/simvastatin
    One Ezetimibe 10 mg/simvastatin 40 mg combination tablet and two simvastatin 40 mg placebo tablets once per day.
    Interventions:
    • Drug: ezetimibe/simvastatin
    • Drug: Placebo for simvastatin 40 mg
  • Active Comparator: simvastatin
    One simvastatin 40 mg tablet, one ezetimibe/simvastatin combination 10/40 placebo tablet and one simvastatin 40 mg placebo tablet once per day.
    Interventions:
    • Drug: simvastatin
    • Drug: Placebo for simvastatin 40 mg
    • Drug: Placebo for ezetimibe 10 mg/simvastatin 40 mg combination

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Completed
18144
September 2014
September 2014   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Clinically stable participants may be eligible to enroll within 10 days following hospital admission with high-risk acute coronary syndrome (either ST-elevation myocardial infarction [STEMI] or Non-STEMI or unstable angina)
  • Participants not taking a statin must have an LDL-C of 125 mg/dl or less. Participants taking a statin must have an LDL-C of 100 mg/dl or less.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Pregnant or lactating woman, or intending to become pregnant
  • Participant with active liver disease or persistent unexplained serum transaminase elevation
  • History of alcohol or drug abuse
  • History of sensitivity to statin or ezetimibe
  • A participant for whom discontinuation of existing lipid lowering regimen poses an unacceptable risk.
Both
18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
No
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Not Provided
United States
 
NCT00202878
P04103, MK-0653A-080
Yes
Not Provided
Not Provided
Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.
Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.
Not Provided
Study Director: Medical Director Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.
Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.
November 2015

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP