Prospective Phase II Randomized Trial of Postoperative Adjuvant Chemotherapy in Patients With High Risk Colon Cancer
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00201331|
Recruitment Status : Unknown
Verified December 2005 by National Health Research Institutes, Taiwan.
Recruitment status was: Recruiting
First Posted : September 20, 2005
Last Update Posted : December 16, 2005
|First Submitted Date ICMJE||September 13, 2005|
|First Posted Date ICMJE||September 20, 2005|
|Last Update Posted Date||December 16, 2005|
|Study Start Date ICMJE||April 2002|
|Primary Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Current Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE
||To compare the DFS and OS of HDFL vs. weekly bolus 5-FU plus high dose LV as adjuvant chemotherapy for N2 colon cancer|
|Original Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Same as current|
|Current Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE
|Original Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Same as current|
|Current Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures||Not Provided|
|Original Other Pre-specified Outcome Measures||Not Provided|
|Brief Title ICMJE||Prospective Phase II Randomized Trial of Postoperative Adjuvant Chemotherapy in Patients With High Risk Colon Cancer|
|Official Title ICMJE||Prospective Phase II Randomized Trial of Postoperative Adjuvant Chemotherapy in Patients With High Risk Colon Cancer|
|Brief Summary||Based on the astonishing high response rate in metastatic colorectal cancer in weekly high dose 5-FU and leucovorin, we will conduct a clinical trial to clarify the activity of this regimen in the adjuvant setting. The regimen of 5-FU and high dose leucovorin administered as the schedule of INT-0089 will be chosen as the controlled arm which was proven as effective as standard 5-FU plus levamisole regimen with short duration of treatment.21 In this study, continuous infusion of 5-FU (HDFL, Arm B) and bolus injection of 5-FU (Arm A) will be administered to the high risk colon cancer(N2 disease) patients. The role of TS level and inhibition of TS as a predictor of adjuvant chemotherapy with 5-FU based treatment will be clearly defined prospectively.|
Approximately 75% of all patients with colon carcinoma present at a stage when all gross tumor can be surgically resected. Despite that high resectability rate, about 50% of all colon adenocarcinoma patients die of subsequent metastatic disease not apparent at surgery. These individuals could benefit from adjuvant local or systemic chemotherapy.
Based on the encouraging antitumor activity of 5-FU plus leucovorin(LV) in patients with metastatic colon carcinoma6,7, several investigators reported their results using this combination in the adjuvant setting. Results of an NSABP C-038 suggested that postoperative 5-FU plus leucovorin reduces the risk of colon cancer recurrence by 30% and the associated mortality by 32% compared with MOF(semustine, vincristine, and 5-FU). Recently, investigators from the IMPACT group9 analyzed the role of adjuvant 5-FU plus high dose leucovorin given 5 days every 28 days for a total of six courses versus no treatment in patients with stage II or III colon cancer. The treatment arm showed a significant reduction (by 22%) in mortality (P=0.029) and a 35% reduction in relapse rate (P=0.0001). Preliminary results from other studies have also suggested benefits of 5-FU plus leucovorin as adjuvant treatment of colon cancer10,11,12. Those studies had employed chemotherapy with 5-FU plus leucovorin, although there were differences in duration of treatment and drug dose among those trials, it is striking that all revealed a similar magnitude of benefit for adjuvant chemotherapy with 5-FU and leucovorin in node positive patients. At the present time, both 5-FU plus levamisole and 5-FU plus leucovorin can be considered acceptable adjuvant chemotherapy regimens for patients with node positive disease.
Thymidylate synthase(TS) is a critical therapeutic target for the fluoropyrimidine cytotoxic drugs that are the mainstay of the treatment for patients with advanced colorectal cancer. TS provide the sole de nono source of thymidylate for DNA synthesis. The clinical importance of TS in determining fluoropyrimidine cytotoxicity has been established in both clinical and preclinical study. Increased expression of TS protein due to underlying gene amplification has been described in cell lines selected for drug resistance by exposure to 5-FU.22,23 Several investigators have also demonstrated that intratumoral TS activity are predictive for response to 5-FU.24-26 High TS activity was associated with no response, whereas a low TS activity was associated with good response to 5-FU.
|Study Type ICMJE||Interventional|
|Study Phase ICMJE||Phase 2|
|Study Design ICMJE||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Intervention ICMJE||Drug: leucovorin+5-FU|
|Study Arms ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Publications *||Not Provided|
* Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
|Recruitment Status ICMJE||Unknown status|
|Original Enrollment ICMJE||Same as current|
|Study Completion Date ICMJE||October 2012|
|Primary Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Eligibility Criteria ICMJE||
Signed written informed consent. Curative resection of colon cancer and upper rectal cancer, which is not planned for radiotherapy. Histologically proved adenocarcinoma of the colon. Stages: T1-4N2M0 (LN ≧4) Age less or equal to 70 years old. Performance status: 0 to 1 (ECOG) Adequate liver function (Bil. < 2 mg/dl, GOT, GPT< 3x normal limit) Adequate renal function (Cr < 2.0 mg/dl) Adequate bone marrow function(WBC ≧3500/mm3, Platelet ≧100000/mm3) Individual regular follow-up possible. 3.320 Patient who can receive adjuvant chemotherapy within 6 weeks after operation.
Patient who can receive a "indwelling catheter" surgery.
Uncontrolled intercurrent illness, e.g. active infection or concurrent major systemic disease (e.g. psychosis, ESRD, heart failure [NYHA class III], liver cirrhosis [Child B&C], or AIDS). Intestinal obstruction or occlusion postoperation. Pregnant or lactating woman. Allergy to 5-Fluorouracil or leucovorin. Other primary cancer except skin squamous or basal cell carcinoma or cured in-situ cancer of the cervix.
Previous treatment of chemotherapy or radiotherapy.
|Ages ICMJE||18 Years to 70 Years (Adult, Older Adult)|
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers ICMJE||No|
|Contacts ICMJE||Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects|
|Listed Location Countries ICMJE||Taiwan|
|Removed Location Countries|
|NCT Number ICMJE||NCT00201331|
|Other Study ID Numbers ICMJE||T1202|
|Has Data Monitoring Committee||Not Provided|
|U.S. FDA-regulated Product||Not Provided|
|IPD Sharing Statement ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Current Responsible Party||Not Provided|
|Original Responsible Party||Same as current|
|Current Study Sponsor ICMJE||National Health Research Institutes, Taiwan|
|Original Study Sponsor ICMJE||Same as current|
|PRS Account||National Health Research Institutes, Taiwan|
|Verification Date||December 2005|
ICMJE Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP