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The Effect of Continuous Versus Enteral Pump Feeding in Aspiration in Tube Fed Patients

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00164957
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : September 14, 2005
Last Update Posted : February 3, 2009
Information provided by:
Chinese University of Hong Kong

September 12, 2005
September 14, 2005
February 3, 2009
September 2002
December 2007   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
pneumonia [ Time Frame: within 4 weeks ]
pneumonia within 4 weeks
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00164957 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
mortality [ Time Frame: within 4 weeks ]
mortality within 4 weeks
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The Effect of Continuous Versus Enteral Pump Feeding in Aspiration in Tube Fed Patients
The Effect of Continuous vs Enteral Pump Feeding in Aspiration in Tube Fed Patients


Tube feeding had been found to be a cause of aspiration pneumonia. Continuous pump feeding at slower rates as compared to bolus feeding may be less associated with aspiration pneumonia.


Randomized controlled trial


Patients expected to remain on tube feeding for 4 or more weeks


1) pneumonia, 2) mortality

Eligible subjects are randomized into 2 groups by random numbers generated by a computer programme: intermittent bolus feeding versus continuous feeding via a delivery pump.

Baseline Assessment:

Clinical details including background medical diagnoses, indications for enteral feeding, functional status and baseline CXR findings are recorded.

Tube Feeding Regime:

The choice of feeding formula and feeding volume will be guided by 2 dietitians collaborating in this study. Giving sets for continuous pump feeding are changed everyday.

Pump feeding is defined at delivery rate <60ml/hr. In order to avoid interfering with rehabilitative activities, pump feeding can be discontinued for no more than eight hours during the day. Bolus feeding is defined as no more than 400ml/hr, 4 to 5 times per day.

All subjects are reviewed to monitor complications arising from enteral feeding. Free pump feeding sets will be provided for an extra 2 weeks for pump feeding group subjects discharged before the end of the trial. All subjects discharged prior to the end of trial will be contacted regularly by a research assistant until completion or outcome is reached.

Outcome Pneumonia is diagnosed in the presence of 2 major clinical signs: increased sputum production and pneumonic changes in the CXR (according to radiologist report), or in the presence of one major sign and 2 of the following minor clinical signs: raised or depressed white cell count, hypoxia at room air (PaO2 <92%) and body temperature greater than 38%. When the criteria for pneumonia are fulfilled, the trial will be terminated.

All the subjects are followed up for four weeks or until outcome is reached (i.e. pneumonia). Mode of tube feeding on discharge will be decided by the attending physicians, patients and family members.

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Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Aspiration Pneumonia
  • Device: continuous pump feeding
  • Other: intermittent bolus feeding
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*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
December 2007
December 2007   (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  • patients likely to need tube feeding for another 4 weeks

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients already on pump feeding.
  • Active sepsis: fever, abnormal white cell count
  • CXR shadowing
  • Chronic hypoxia (O2 saturation <92% on room air)
  • Patients who have a history of recurrent self-extubation.
  • Short life expectancy (within weeks)
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
Child, Adult, Senior
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
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Chinese University of Hong Kong
Not Provided
Principal Investigator: Timothy CY Kwok, MD Chinese University of Hong Kong
Chinese University of Hong Kong
February 2009

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP