The Impact of Bryophyllum on Preterm Delivery
Recruitment status was Recruiting
|First Received Date ICMJE||September 9, 2005|
|Last Updated Date||April 14, 2009|
|Start Date ICMJE||July 2004|
|Primary Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Current Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE
||Extension of pregnancy|
|Original Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Same as current|
|Change History||Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00163579 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site|
|Current Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE
||Rate of preterm deliveries, rate of side effects, days of hospitalisation, rate of lung maturation.|
|Original Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Same as current|
|Current Other Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Other Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Brief Title ICMJE||The Impact of Bryophyllum on Preterm Delivery|
|Official Title ICMJE||The Impact of the Prophylactic or Therapeutic Application of Bryophyllum on Preterm Delivery - a Prospective Study|
The purpose of this study is whether Bryophyllum is more effective and has less side effects than traditional labor inhibitors in preventing preterm delivery.
Preterm delivery (delivery before 37 +0 weeks of gestation) is still the leading cause of perinatal mortality and morbidity in the western countries. Due to this fact it is only possible to achieve the mortality rate of 5‰, aspired by WHO, by an effective decrease of the current preterm delivery rate.
An exact ascertainment of the etiology of preterm delivery is hardly possible, because multiple, partly overlapping or multifactorial etiologies exist. Various pathologies (e.g. of the placenta, fetus uterus or endocrine dysfunctions) may lead to preterm deliveries or preterm contractions.
Traditional diagnostic tools for preterm contractions/preterm deliveries has consisted of clinical examinations (digital palpation of the cervix) and the recording of the contractions by the tocogram. Both methods have a low sensitivity and predictive values. Furthermore the clinical examination has a high interobserver variability of 29%.
With the introduction of transvaginal sonographic measurements, the sensitivity for preterm deliveries could substantially be elevated.
Despite intensive efforts in the field of preventive care, screening and therapeutic interventions (e.g. the use of tocolytics), the incidence of preterm deliveries has remained stable for over two decades.
For inhibiting labor, beta-mimetics has been utilised for over 20 years. Beta mimetics are currently able to prevent preterm labor in average for approximately 48 hours. Other medicaments with tocolytic properties include calcium antagonists, prostaglandin inhibitors and currently, antagonists of the oxytocic receptor.
However, conventional labor inhibitors show considerable side effects, such as cardiovascular effects (e.g.tachycardia) or tremor in case of beta mimetics.
Due to the stagnant long-term results of the conventional labor inhibitors, we are looking for alternative medicaments, especially with a lower side effect profile.
The phytopharmacon Bryophyllum, which is produced from the leaves of Bryophyllum pinnatum, is available as a 5% aqueous tincture, 33% dilution or 50% trituration.
Bryophyllum has been used since 1970 for tocolysis, either orally or intravenously. However, because of its predominant use in anthroposophical clinics, clinical trials for its evaluation has been rarely performed. Currently, in vitro studies endorsed the inhibition of myometrial contractibility. In contrast to conventional labor inhibitors, side effects has been only occasionally observed in case of Bryophyllum (e.g. skin irritation).
To evaluate the tocolytic effects of orally applicated Bryophyllum versus Placebo in case of patients with preterm contractions, twin pregnancies and patients with a risk for preterm delivery, due to previous preterm contractions/preterm deliveries.
Bryophyllum or Placebo will be given prophylactic or, parallel with conventional labor inhibitors in case of preterm contractions.
|Study Type ICMJE||Interventional|
|Study Phase||Phase 4|
|Study Design ICMJE||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Primary Purpose: Prevention
|Intervention ICMJE||Drug: Bryophyllum|
|Study Arm (s)||Not Provided|
* Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
|Recruitment Status ICMJE||Recruiting|
|Estimated Enrollment ICMJE||180|
|Estimated Completion Date||March 2007|
|Primary Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Eligibility Criteria ICMJE||
All multiple pregnancies Singleton pregnancies with preterm contractions/cervix < 25mm, or singleton pregnancies with burdened maternal anamnesis (e.g. prior preterm delivery preterm contractions cerclage).
|Ages||18 Years to 50 Years|
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers||Yes|
|Listed Location Countries ICMJE||Switzerland|
|Removed Location Countries|
|NCT Number ICMJE||NCT00163579|
|Other Study ID Numbers ICMJE||BS-2004-UFK-1, 171-03 ethical commitee, 2004 DR 5192 swissmedic|
|Has Data Monitoring Committee||No|
|Responsible Party||Not Provided|
|Study Sponsor ICMJE||Basel Women’s University Hospital|
|Collaborators ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Information Provided By||Basel Women’s University Hospital|
|Verification Date||September 2005|
ICMJE Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP