Prone-Supine Study II: The Effect of Prone Positioning for Patients Affected by Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome
|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00159939|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : September 12, 2005
Last Update Posted : June 11, 2008
|First Submitted Date ICMJE||September 7, 2005|
|First Posted Date ICMJE||September 12, 2005|
|Last Update Posted Date||June 11, 2008|
|Start Date ICMJE||February 2004|
|Primary Completion Date||June 2008 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
|Current Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE
||Mortality [ Time Frame: at 28 days ]|
|Original Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE
|Change History||Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00159939 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site|
|Current Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE
|Original Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE
|Current Other Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Other Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Brief Title ICMJE||Prone-Supine Study II: The Effect of Prone Positioning for Patients Affected by Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome|
|Official Title ICMJE||Prone-Supine Study II: The Effect of Prone Positioning for Patients Affected by Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome|
|Brief Summary||The purpose of this study is to determine whether prone positioning is effective in improving survival in patients affected by acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS).|
BACKGROUND: The beneficial effect of prone positioning on arterial oxygenation has been well demonstrated in ALI/ARDS patients. Moreover prone positioning has an impact on the distribution of the lung densities. Finally, after a period of prone position, the respiratory compliance and the arterial oxygenation markedly improve compared to the pre-pronation values. Overall, these evidences suggests that the prone positioning may affect the outcome of ARDS patients. Recently we reported the effect of prone positioning on the outcome of ARDS patients. In this study the treatment consisted of 6 hours of pronation daily for the first ten days after the onset of acute respiratory failure. Although we did not find any difference of outcome in the general population of ARDS patients (at ten days, at discharge from ICU and after 6 months), a post hoc analysis identified a reduction in mortality at the end of the 10-days treatment period in the quartile of patients affected by most severe ARDS. A critical analysis of some of the methodological weaknesses of the previous study, together with the new information emerging from other studies, led to the adoption of major changes in the overall conception as well as in the operational design of the protocol:
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of prone positioning on mortality in ARDS patients, stratified at randomization according to predefined criteria of severity of respiratory failure.
STUDY DESIGN: This is a randomized, controlled, multi-center study. The patients will be randomized in two groups:
STUDY PROCEDURES: As soon as patients are assessed in terms of inclusion and exclusion criteria, they should be notified to the coordination center to be assigned to either the control or the treatment group according to a randomization scheme which includes stratification by severity of ARDS. On the basis of the respiratory failure severity at baseline, patients will be stratified as:
The patients enrolled in both the randomization arms will be ventilated according to a protective strategy.
The prone positioning will be preferentially performed with the RotoProne® bed.
The patients assigned to the treatment group must be put in a prone position daily:
Major non-compliance with the randomized treatment (prone positioning for the control, and withdrawal for the intervention group) will be motivated in the CRF, and they are expected to occur only to better protect the well-being of the patients. The originally assigned randomized strategy must be re-established as soon as possible.
The end of the study treatment period is at 28 days from the randomization, or at the extubation, whichever occurs first.
DATA COLLECTION: The data collection forms will be sent to the Coordinating Center. The data should be collected at 12 hours interval (two times daily). We will perform a "Morning" assessment and a "Evening" assessment. The assessments should be done after at least 30 minutes from any manoeuvre that could affect the measurement (i.g., patient rolling for nursing, bronchoaspiration).
SAFETY ASPECTS AND SEVERE ADVERSE EVENTS (SAE) REPORTING: GCP rules will be strictly applied, including timely reporting to the study coordination within 48 hours from their occurrence of the SAEs not included in the efficacy end-points.
Clinical investigators and nurses of each of the participating centers will be instructed to monitor specifically and to document the adverse events more likely to be associated with the study treatment.
STUDY ORGANIZATION AND MONITORING: The centers which are admitted to the study have been selected on the basis of their previous involvement in multicenter clinical trials and the clinical experience in the application of prone position. These criteria will favour both the homogeneity and/or comparability of the standard background treatment, as well as the monitoring of the quality of the data.
The overall coordination of the study is the task of an interdisciplinary group which assures:
STATISTICAL ASPECTS: The characteristics of the trial (relative low frequency of the clinical condition, unavoidable concentration of the proning instrument in a limited number of centers, in opportunity of an excessive prolongation of the recruitment period which could coincide with important modifications of the way the background care develops) need to be considered when defining the sample size.
The primary outcome of the study is the overall mortality at 28 days from randomisation and it is used for sample size calculations. The study is planned to detect a 15 percent of absolute decrease in 28 day mortality, at a power of 80 percent, enrolling 170 patients in each arms. The main analysis will be performed according to an intention-to-treat approach.
The primary endpoint will be monitored using the sequential procedure of Peto et al. There will one interim analysis to assess efficacy, scheduled at approximately ½ of expected number of patients to be recruited. Accordingly, the corresponding significance level for evidence of benefit to stop the trial will be α=0.01.
ADMINISTRATIVE, LEGAL, ETHICAL ISSUES: The Prone-Supine 2 study is sponsored by a collaborative group, which has been active over the last ten years in conducting clinical trials in intensive care (5, 10).The study has been planned and is managed independently, and the clinicians who take active part in the study do not receive economic incentives. The RotoProne® bed is provided to each center by the producer (KCI Medical Products, San Antonio, TX, USA), who ensures also a small financial support for the study co-ordination (50.000 USD/years).
The data which are produced belong to the study group, who ensures their publication and their availability for public authorities.
All data related to the patients included in the study are treated in strict compliance with the Italian Laws related to privacy 675/1996.
The informed consent for the patients will be administered as soon as and every time the clinical conditions of the same patients are compatible with the procedure, thus following the provisions set forth by the ICH-GCP guidelines (11), and confirmed by the most recent European Directive 2001/20/CE Decreto Legislativo 211 24/06/2003. It is worth recalling that there is no legal basis for requiring the consent to a relative of the patient.
Steering Committee L. Gattinoni, G. Tognoni; Scientific and Organizing Secretariat R. Fumagalli, R. Latini, A. Pesenti, P.Taccone; Nursing Coordination G. Saia, W. Rositani, V. Del Bello.; Data and Safety Monitoring Board R. Malacrida, M.G. Valsecchi, P. Suter; Data Management and Analysis E. Nicolis, S. Barlera;
|Study Type ICMJE||Interventional|
|Study Phase||Phase 3|
|Study Design ICMJE||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single (Participant)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Condition ICMJE||ARDS, Human|
|Intervention ICMJE||Procedure: prone positioning
* Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
|Recruitment Status ICMJE||Completed|
|Completion Date||June 2008|
|Primary Completion Date||June 2008 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
|Eligibility Criteria ICMJE||
|Ages||16 Years and older (Child, Adult, Senior)|
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers||No|
|Contacts ICMJE||Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects|
|Listed Location Countries ICMJE||Italy|
|Removed Location Countries|
|NCT Number ICMJE||NCT00159939|
|Other Study ID Numbers ICMJE||392|
|Has Data Monitoring Committee||Yes|
|U.S. FDA-regulated Product||Not Provided|
|IPD Sharing Statement||Not Provided|
|Responsible Party||Luciano Gattinoni, Policlinico Hospital|
|Study Sponsor ICMJE||Policlinico Hospital|
|Collaborators ICMJE||Not Provided|
|PRS Account||Policlinico Hospital|
|Verification Date||June 2008|
ICMJE Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP