Measurement of Smoking−Induced Neutrophil Activation

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00159354
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : September 12, 2005
Last Update Posted : May 29, 2015
Information provided by:
Imperial College London

September 8, 2005
September 12, 2005
May 29, 2015
June 2005
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Modification of neutrophil activation
Same as current
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00159354 on Archive Site
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Measurement of Smoking−Induced Neutrophil Activation
Evaluation of Smoking−Induced Neutrophil Activation as a Potential Biomarker of Response to Therapeutic Interventions in COPD: Proof of Concept Study
Neutrophil involvement in the development of COPD by smokers is well recognised. However not all smokers develop overt lung disease. We have previously shown that uptake of FDG is related to neutrophil activity and can be measured by PET and that uptake is greater in COPD patients than normal subjects. We have also shown that FDG−PET shows inflammatory changes in asymptomatic smokers after cigarette smoking. We plan to investigate the attenuation of this inflammation by steroid tablets and whether FDG PET can demonstrate this. We also wish to establish if similar changes are demonstrated after smoking by COPD patients.

Asymptomatic smokers will be recruited by advertisement in newspapers and from posters displayed in the local community.Patients will be recruited from Hammersmith Hospital NHS Trust and local GP surgeries, where we shall display posters. We shall also directly ask patients whom we think may be suitable. This could be at a respiratory clinic, after they attend the lung function department for routine tests, and at GP and practice nurse appointments. After discussing the research outline with the subjects, either in person or by phone, we shall give them the information sheet and ask them to attend for a screening visit. This will be a chance for them to ask more questions, and for us to obtain informed consent. We will then carry out a brief medical examination and routine lung function tests. Providing they fulfil the inclusion criteria we shall then organise the subsequent visits, for 2 scans if they are patients with COPD or 3 if they are asymptomatic smokers. All participants will undergo chest X−ray to exclude other lung disease, unless they have had one in the past year. They must abstain for smoking for at least 12 hours prior to visit, and fast for 4 hours prior to scan. On the first day of attendance they will have a brief medical to assess whether they are clinically stable, and have spirometry and CO monitored, to confirm abstinence. For the scan visits the asymptomatic smokers will take the placebo or prednisolone the previous evening at 10pm and again the next morning with a light breakfast by 7:30am. On 2 scan days they will smoke 2 cigarettes 4h later, 60 minutes prior to scan. The PET scan takes about 90 minutes, and includes blood sampling throughout. They must be able to lie still in the scanner. We will aim to complete the scans at 1−2 week intervals, whilst clinically stable.

The COPD patients will not take prednisolone/placebo, but will either smoke 2 real or dummy cigarettes prior to scan. This protocol is similar to others used previously, which have proved acceptable to COPD patients and healthy smokers.

Not Applicable
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Drug: predisolone
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*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
Same as current
December 2006
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Inclusion Criteria:

  • Male smokers >10 pack.year history,
  • FEV1>80% predicted,
  • no relevant medical or mental disorder, able to give informed consent and
  • Patients with COPD,
  • >20 pack.year history,
  • no other active lung disease,
  • FEV1<70%
  • FEV1/VC<70%,
  • no other relevant medical or mental disorder, able to give informed consent

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Female asymptomatic smokers
  • ex−smokers
  • other lung disorder
  • relevant medical or mental illness
  • recent (within 1 month) chest infection
  • diabetes
Sexes Eligible for Study: All
50 Years to 80 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United Kingdom
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Imperial College London
Principal Investigator: Hazel A Jones, PhD Imperial College London
Imperial College London
November 2007

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP